|Education||UCLA, American Film Institute, London College of Printing, University of Helsinki|
|Known for||Video Art, Installation Art|
Ahtila experiments with narrative storytelling in her films and cinematic installations. In her earlier works she has dealt with the unsettling human dramas at the centre of personal relationships, dealing e.g. with teenage sexuality, family relations, mental disintegration and death. Her later works, however, deal with more profound and basic artistic questions where she investigates the processes of perception and attribution of meaning, at times in the light of a larger cultural and existential thematic like colonialism, faith and posthumanism.
Eija-Liisa Ahtila has participated in numerous international art exhibitions such as Manifesta (1998), the Venice Biennale (2005 and 1999), Documenta 11 (2002), São Paulo Art Biennial (2008) and the Bienniale of Sydney (2002 and 2018).
In 2002 she had a solo show at Tate Modern, and in 2006 her multi-screen video piece The Wind (2006) was exhibited at Museum of Modern Art (MoMA). She has also had solo shows at Guggenheim in Bilbao, Moderna Museet in Stockholm, Neue Nationalgalerie in Berlin, Parasol Unit in London, ACMI in Melbourne and DHC/ART in Montreal.
Her work is held in the collections of the Tate and the Museum of Modern Art in New York. She is a former professor at the Department of Time and Space-based Art at the Finnish Academy of Fine Arts (Finland).
Most of Ahtila's works are focused on women going through a traumatic experience, and most display multiple screens and vantage points of the story, simultaneously. This mode of presentation intentionally floods or overwhelms the viewer's senses, sometimes confusing one's ability to follow and understand the narrative thread intellectually, in order to produce a strong emotional impact.
Writing in the journal PAJ, Jane Philbrick describes Ahtila's films as "Smart, emotionally arresting, engaging, affective." Philbrick continues, saying, "A self-described 'teller of human dramas', she approaches narrative equipped with a rigorous arsenal of postmodern strategies ... One of her most potent tools, however, is a two-centuries old dramatic genre of proven emotional reach and punch, melodrama." Although done in a more sophisticated way than conventional melodramas, Ahtila's work likewise exaggerates plots and characters to affect the viewer's emotions, with less appeal to immediate intellectual comprehension.
In 1993, Ahtila created the three mini-films Me/We, Okay, and Gray: Each of these 90-second mini-films was shown separately and as a trilogy, as trailers in cinemas, on television during commercial breaks and in art galleries. Ahtila explores questions of identity and group relations through her use of narrative conventions derived from film, television and advertising. In Me/We the father of a family speaks about his family in a monologue and other players mouth his words. When the father speaks about his family members' emotions, their personalities mix together and become inseparable. In Okay a woman is speaking about violence in man and woman relationship and as she steps across the room like a tiger in a cage, her voice goes up and shows pure violence. In Gray three women in a lift go down into water and talk about atomic explosion and its effects, while words and pictures mix identity crisis and an atomic disaster.
In 2002, Ahtila created a film called The House, for which she performed research that included conducting interviews with people who are afflicted by psychotic mental disorders. The film begins with a woman driving to a secluded house, and as events continue they take on a dreamlike state. The sounds become disorienting and the images begin to combine: the woman can see the car on the walls of the house; she hears boat horns that make no sense. The film is meant to be presented in an exhibit that displays each of the three screens on separate walls, making the viewer feel as if they are actually in the house where the project was filmed.
Among Ahtila's many other works is The Hour of Prayer, first presented in 2005 at the Venice Biennale in Italy. The film is a four-channel video project that shows scenes from a woman's experience surrounding the death of her dog. Bridget Goodbody, writing for Time Out New York, says that it presents "a nonnarrative cycle of apparently random, but nonetheless consequential scenes." Some of those scenes show how, when she was away from her dog, he fell through the ice of a frozen pond, breaking his leg. Another shows the dog brought to a veterinarian for treatment of the injury; a diagnosis of bone cancer is made. After the dog dies, the film presents scenes of the woman moving on with her life, living as an artist in Africa.
Another of her films, which debuted in 2009, is Where is Where?. New York's Museum of Modern Art, which housed the seven-day exhibition, called it, "a haunting and layered consideration of how history affects our perception of reality." In the film, a present-day poet, with the assistance of a figure who is the personification of death, investigates a murder committed fifty years ago. Two young Arab boys had killed their French friend during the Algerian War of Independence. As the poet investigates, images from the past and present begin to mix and collide; at one point the poet discovers the two boys seated in a boat, in the small swimming pool behind his house.
Although Ahtila's films do include more than one character, they tend to focus on the internal experience of just one person. Her work seems to be more about studying and understanding an individual's subjective experience, and how the influences around individuals shape who they are and what they do, and shape their unconscious selves. She is greatly interested in the factors that go into the construction of personal identity, and in how fluid that construct can be. Ahtila wants to explore, as she says, "how the subconscious is inherited in some way," citing as an example, "[the way] in which my mother is physically present in myself and I am present in her."
- Me/We, Okay, Grey (1993), 3-channel monitor installation with furniture
- If 6 was 9 (1995), 3-channel projected installation
- Today (1996), 3-channel projected installation
- Anne, Aki and God (1998), 5-monitor & 2-screen installation with furniture
- Consolation Service (1999), 2-channel projected installation
- The Present (2001), 5-channel monitor installation with furniture
- The House (2002), 3-channel projected installation
- The Wind (2002), 3-channel projected installation
- The Hour of Prayer (2005), 4-channel projected installation
- Fishermen / Études N°1 (2007), single channel projected installation
- Where is Where? (2008), 6-channel projected installation
- The Annunciation (2010), 3-channel projected installation
- Horizontal (2011), 6-channel projected installation
- Studies on the Ecology of Drama (2014), 4-channel projected installation
- Potentiality for Love (2018), a hybrid installation that combines sculpture with moving image
- Me/We, Okay, and Gray (1993), three 90-second mini-films, each of which was shown separately and as a trilogy, as trailers in cinemas and on television during commercial breaks. Ahtila explores questions of identity and group relations through her use of narrative conventions derived from film, television and advertising.
- If 6 was 9 (1995)
- Today (1996), won Honorable Mention in 1998.
- Consolation Service (1999), Received Venice biannual prize.
- Love is a Treasure (2002)
- The Hour of Prayer (2005)
- Where is Where? (2008)
- The Annunciation (2010)
- Studies on the Ecology of Drama (2017)
- Dog Bites (1992-97), a series of photographs
- Casting Portraits (1995-97), a series of photographs
- Assistant Series (1999), a series of photographs
- Scenographer's Mind (2002), a series of photographs
- The House Sculptures (2004), a series of sculptures
- Anthropomorphic Exercises on Film (2011), a series of drawings
- Instruments (2014), a series of photographs
- 2013, Main Prize, Art Lab category, Festival Internazionale del Cinema d’Arte, Milan, Italy (work: The Annunciation)
- 2012, Arte Award for Best European Film, International Short Film Festival Oberhausen, Germany (work: The Annunciation)
- 2009, Title of Academician of Art, presented by the President of Finland, Helsinki, Finland
- 2008, The Prince Eugen Medal for outstanding artistic achievement, Stockholm, Sweden
- 2006, Artes Mundi, Wales International Visual Arts Prize, Cardiff, UK
- 2005, Pro Finlandia Medal, Order of the Lion of Finland, Helsinki, Finland
- 2002, Great Prize Fiction, Vila do Conde International Short Film Festival, Portugal (Work: Love is a Treasure)
- 2002, Best Fiction Prize, Kettupäivät Film Festival, Helsinki, Finland (Work: Love is a Treasure)
- 2002, Quality Production Award, National Council for Audiovisual Arts, Helsinki, Finland
- 2000, The Vincent van Gogh Bi-annual Award for Contemporary Art in Europe, Maastricht, The Netherlands
- 2000, Coutts Contemporary Art Foundation Award, Zurich, Switzerland
- 2000, Best Nordic Short Film, Nordisk Panorama, Bergen, Norway (Work: Consolation Service)
- 2000, Main Prize, National Competition, Tampere International Short Film Festival, Finland (Work: Consolation Service)
- 2000, Quality Production Award, National Council for Audiovisual Arts, Helsinki, Finland
- 1999, Honorary Mention, 48th Venice Biennale, Italy (Work: Consolation Service)
- 1999, Quality Production Award, National Council for Audiovisual Arts, Helsinki, Finland
- 1998, Edstrand Art Prize, Malmö, Sweden
- 1998, International Competition Film Award, VIPER International Festival for Film and New Media, Basel, Switzerland (Work: Today)
- 1998, Bonn Videonale, WDR Prize for female artist, Bonn, Germany (Work: Today)
- 1997, Jury's Honorary Mention, International Short Film Festival Oberhausen, Germany (Work: Today)
- 1997, National Competition, Main Prize, Tampere International Short Film Festival, Finland (Work: Today)
- 1997, AVEK -award for important achievements in the field of audio-visual culture, Helsinki, Finland
- 1997, International Competition Film Award, VIPER International Festival for Film and New Media, Basel, Switzerland (Work: If 6 was 9)
- 1993, Quality Production Award, National Council for Audiovisual Arts, Helsinki, Finland
- 1990, Young Artist of the Year Award, Tampere, Finland
- http://www.av-arkki.fi/en/artists/eija-liisa-ahtila_en/ Eija-Liisa Ahtila profile at AV-arkki
- http://www.artnews.com/2017/12/13/biennale-sydney-reveals-full-artist-list-2018-edition/ ARTnews: Biennale of Sydney Reveals Full Artist List for 2018 Edition
- "Vincent Award winners". Archived from the original on 18 May 2007. Retrieved 20 February 2007.
- Sisario, Ben (3 April 2006). "Arts, Briefly". International Herald Tribune. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- http://www.taike.fi/en/academicians-of-art Taike: Art Academics
- Tate Modern Exhibition: Eija-Liisa Ahtila
- http://www.e-flux.com/announcements/4063/eija-liisa-ahtilathe-annunciation/ E-Flux: Guggenheim Bilbao
- http://www.arterritory.com/en/news/743-eija-liisa_ahtila_in_stockholms_moderna_museet/ Arterritory: Eija-Liisa Ahtila in Stockholm's Moderna museet
- Becker, Ilka; Grosenick, Uta (2001). Women Artists in the 20th and 21st Century. Taschen. p. 24. ISBN 9783822858547.
- https://finnishcanadiansociety.wordpress.com/2010/02/11/finnish-artist-exhibiting-in-montreal/ Finnish-Canadian Society: Finnish Artist Exhibiting in Montreal
- Phibrick, Jane. Subcutaneous Melodrama: The Work of Eija-Liisa Ahtila. PAJ: A Journal of Performance and Art, Vol.25, No.2 (May,2003), pp.32-47.
- "Eija-Liisa AHTILA". Light Cone. Archived from the original on 19 September 2012. Retrieved 6 May 2012.
- Talin Abadian (2006). "Eija Liisa Ahtila - among creating fantasy and documentation". Psychology and Art (in Persian).
- "Eija-Liisa Ahtila: The House | The Art Institute of Chicago". The Art Institute of Chicago. Retrieved 2016-03-05.
- http://www.thecentreofattention.org/research/vafterimage.html Afterimage, July-August, 2005 by Maeve Connolly
- The Hour of Prayer at Marian Goodman Gallery. Goodbody, Bridget. Time Out New York, 26 February 2006.
- MoMA Presents Where Is Where? Gallery notes from an exhibition at New York's Museum of Modern Art presented 1 October − 7 October 2009.
- MoMA to show Where is Where? Art Knowledge News, 11 September 2009.
- "awards". imdb. Retrieved 5 May 2012.
- Eija-Liisa Ahtila official website
- Eija-Liisa Ahtila on IMDb
- Artist profile at Marian Goodman Gallery
- Eija-Liisa Ahtila collection at the Israel Museum. Retrieved September 2016.
- BOMB Magazine interview with Eija-Liisa Ahtila, by Cary Wolfe
- Eija-Liisa Ahtila’s Affective Images in The House, by Tarja Laine, Dept. of Media and Culture, Univ. of Amsterdam. Published in Spring, 2006, edition of Mediascape, UCLA's journal of cinema and media studies.
- Artist's page on Artfacts.Net
- The Guardian review of Tate Modern show
- ArtForum review of Tate Modern show
- New York Times review of The Wind at MoMA