Ōtsuka Eiji in 2015 at the Concordia University
|Born||28 August 1958|
|Alma mater||University of Tsukuba|
|Occupation||Critic, folklorist ,novelist, manga artist, editor|
Eiji Ōtsuka (大塚 英志 Ōtsuka Eiji, born 28 August 1958 in the former Tanashi, Tokyo) is a social critic, Folklorist and novelist. He is currently a professor at International Research Center for Japanese Studies, Kyoto. He graduated from University of Tsukuba with a degree in anthropology, women's folklore, human sacrifice and post-war manga. In addition to his work with manga he is a critic, essayist, and author of several successful non-fiction books on Japanese popular and otaku sub-cultures. He has written the Multiple Personality Detective Psycho and The Kurosagi Corpse Delivery Service manga series. One of his first animation script works was Mahō no Rouge Lipstick, an adult lolicon OVA. Ōtsuka was the editor for the bishōjo lolicon manga series Petit Apple Pie.
In the 1980s, Otsuka was editor-in-chief of Manga Burikko, a leading manga magazine where he pioneered research on otaku sub-cultures in modern Japan. He has published a host of books and articles about the manga industry.
In July 2007, he got a doctor degree (artistic engineering) from Kobe Design University. Doctoral dissertation is "From Mickey's format to Proposition of Atom : the origin of postwar manga methodology in wartime years and its development".
Eiji Ōtsuka was born on August 28, 1958 in the city formerly known as Tanashi, Tokyo (currently Nishitōkyō, Tokyo). His father, as a repatriate from Manchuria, suffered poor living conditions in repatriate housing prior to his acceptance into university. Ōtsuka's father was a member of the former Japanese Communist Party, but he left the party due to disagreements regarding party policy.
In middle school, Ōtsuka joined the dōjin circle Sakuga Group, which lead to his employment as an assistant for manga artist Tarō Minamoto in his first year at high school. The following year, Ōtsuka, with references from Minamoto, debuted as a gag manga artist. However, he soon ended his career as a manga artist during his college entrance exams after deciding that he lacked talent as a manga artist. Ōtsuka graduated the University of Tsukuba in March 1981. There, he studied Japanese folkloristics under the guidance of professor Tokuji Chiba. Ōtsuka gave up the notion of attending graduate school after he was told by instructor Miyata Noboru that his "ideas are too journalistic and not suited for academics".
After graduation, Ōtsuka worked part-time as the editor of the magazines Ryu and Petit Apple Pie, together with manga artist Yukio Sawada. As a part-time editor, he worked with manga artist Shōtarō Ishinomori for about a month, where he learned how to parse manga names (a "name" refers to the rough draft of a manga page, with preliminary panel layout, dialogue and plot, which is commonly checked by an editor before the artist proceeds to the manuscript phase). Later shifting from part-time to full-time editor, Ōtsuka worked as the editor-in-chief of the manga magazine Manga Burikko on a freelance basis. The comments he published in the magazine under a pseudonym became the basis of Ōtsuka's later career as a commentator.
During his time at Manga Burikko, Ōtsuka was involved in the trial of a serial kidnapper and murderer of young girls, active between 1988 and 1989 in Saitama, Tokyo. The suspect (and later convicted perpetrator), Tsutomu Miyazaki, was found to have possessed a large collection of manga, which at the time meant that the manga subculture was "repeatedly" linked to Miyazaki in the press and in popular imagination, creating the image that "young people involved with amateur manga are dangerous, psychologically disturbed perverts." Ōtsuka contested this popular perception, later writing that he "became somewhat angry about how judgment of [Miyazaki's] crimes kept shifting onto otaku hobbies or tastes." It was also during this time that the first official use of the term "otaku" was published in Manga Burikko, with Ōtsuka still serving as its editor-in-chief.
Ōtsuka goes on to lecture at various Japanese universities and colleges on the topic of manga studies. In 2007, he receives his PhD from Kobe Design University, with the doctoral dissertation titled "From Mickey's format to Proposition of Atom : the origin of postwar manga methodology in wartime years and its development".
- まんがの構造――商品・テキスト・現象 Construction of Manga――Product・Text・Phenomenon, Yudachisha, 1987
- 物語消費論 Narrative Consumption Theory, Shinyousha, 1989
- システムと儀式 System and Ritual, Chikumashobō, 1992
- 戦後まんがの表現空間 Expression space of post-war manga, Houzoukan, 1994
- キャラクター小説の作り方 How to make The Character Novels, Kōdansha, 2003
- アトムの命題 Proposition of Atom, Tokumashoten, 2003
- おたくの精神史―― 1980年代論 The Intellectual History of Otaku ―― 1980's Theory, Kōdansha, 2004
- 木島日記 [Kijima Diary]
- 魍魎 戦記 MADARA Madara (1987)
- 多重人格探偵サイコ Multiple Personality Detective Psycho (1997)
- リヴァイアサン Leviathan (1999)
- 黒鷺死体宅急便 The Kurosagi Corpse Delivery Service (2000)
- 探偵儀式 Detective Ritual (2004)
- JAPAN Japan (1993)
- Mahō no Rouge Lipstick|魔法のルージュ りっぷ☆すてぃっく|Mahō no Rūju Rippusutikku}} (1985 OVA), Original creator
- 1958-, Ōtsuka, Eiji; 1958-, 大塚英志 (2004). Etō Jun to shōjo feminizumu-teki sengo. Tōkyō: Chikuma Shobō. ISBN 4480088768. OCLC 60124177.
- 1958-, Ōtsuka, Eiji; 1958-, 大塚英志 (2004). "Otaku" no seishinshi : 1980-nendairon. Tōkyō: Kōdansha. ISBN 4061497030. OCLC 57044809.
- Eiji, Ōtsuka; Lamarre, Thomas (29 December 2013). "An Unholy Alliance of Eisenstein and Disney: The Fascist Origins of Otaku Culture". Mechademia. 8 (1): 251–277. doi:10.1353/mec.2013.0002. ISSN 2152-6648.
- Kinsella, Sharon (1998). "Japanese Subculture in the 1990s: Otaku and the Amateur Manga Movement". Journal of Japanese Studies. 24 (2): 289–316. doi:10.2307/133236. JSTOR 133236.
- "「ミッキーの書式」から「アトムの命題」へ : 戦後まんがの戦時下起源とその展開". NDL ONLINE.
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