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|History of Japan|
Eikyō (永享) was a Japanese era name (年号 nengō, "year" name) after Shōchō and before Kakitsu. This period spanned the years from September 1429 through February 1441. The reigning emperor was Go-Hanazono-tennō (後花園天皇).
Change of era
- 1429 Eikyō gannen (永享元年): The era name was changed to mark the beginning of the reign of Emperor Go-Hanazono. The previous era ended and a new era commenced in Shōchō 1, on the 29th day of the 7th month, when the new emperor was proclaimed.
Events of the Eikyō era
- April 14, 1429 (Eikyō 1, 9th day of the 3rd month): Ashikaga Yoshinobu is honored in court; and thereafter, he is known as Yoshinori.
- 1429: Yoshinori appointed shogun.
- 1430: Southern army surrenders.
- 1432: Akamatsu Mitsusuke flees; Yoshinori receives rescript from China.
- 1433 (Eikyō 5, 6th month): The Emperor of China addressed a letter to shōgun Yoshinori in which, as a conventional aspect of the foreign relations of Imperial China, the Chinese assume that the head of the Ashikaga shogunate is effectively the "king of Japan".
- 1433: Ōtomo rebels; Hieizan monks rebel.
- 1434: Tosenbugyo established to regulate foreign affairs.
- 1436: Yasaka Pagoda at Hokanji in Kyoto destroyed by fire.
- 1438: Kantō Kanrei (Kantō administrator) Ashikaga Mochiuji rebels against Muromachi shogunate, also known as Eikyō Rebellion (永享の乱 Eikyō-no-ran) .
- 1439: Mochiuji is defeated, and he commits suicide; dissatisfaction with Yoshinori grows.
- 1440: Yasaka Pagoda at Hokanji in Kyoto re-constructed by Yoshinori.
- 1441: Yoshinori grants Shimazu suzerainty over Ryukyu Islands; Akamatsu murders Yoshinori—Kakitsu Incident; Yamana kills Akamatsu.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Eikyō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 171; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 331–340.
- Titsingh, p. 332.
- Titsingh, p. 333.
- Ackroyd, Joyce. (1982) Lessons from History: The Tokushi Yoron, p. 330.
- Ackroyd, p. 330; Keene, p. 78
- Titsingh, p. 335.
- Kinihara, Misako. The Establishment of the Tosen-bugyō in the Reign of Ashikaga Yoshinori" (唐船奉行の成立 : 足利義教による飯尾貞連の登用), Tokyo Woman's Christian University: Essays and Studies. Abstract.
- Yasaka Pagoda, Kyoto.
- Ackroyd, p. 330; Nussbaum, "Eikyō-no-ran" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 171.
- Ackroyd, p. 330; Mochiuji's suicide at Hokoku-ji
- Ackroyd, p. 330; Okinawa Prefecture (2004).This is Okinawa, p.3.
- Nussbaum, Louis Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan Encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 48943301
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Ōdai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
| Era or nengō