Eilean Chathastail

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Gaelic name Eilean Chathastail
The north end of Eilean Chathastail from Eigg
The north end of Eilean Chathastail from Eigg
Location
Eilean Chathastail is located in Lochaber
Eilean Chathastail
Eilean Chathastail
shown within Scotland
OS grid reference NM485835
Coordinates 56°52′30″N 6°07′44″W / 56.875°N 6.129°W / 56.875; -6.129
Physical geography
Island group Small Isles
Area 25 hectares (0.1 sq mi)[1]
Highest elevation 35 metres (115 ft)
Administration
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Country Scotland
Council area Highland
Demographics
Population 0
Lymphad3.svg
References [2]

Eilean Chathastail (Eng: Castle Island[2]) is one of the Small Isles in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland.

Geography[edit]

Satellite view of Eigg (Landsat image viewed using NASA World Wind software). Eilean Chathastail is the island in the bottom right of the picture.

Eilean Chathastail protects the only harbour on Eigg at Galmisdale. It is roughly 1 kilometre (1,100 yd) in length and lies only 100 metres (110 yd) off the south-east coast of the island of Eigg. Eigg lighthouse was built on the island in 1906 by brothers David A. and Charles Alexander Stevenson.

History[edit]

In July 1884 the geologist and writer Hugh Miller arrived at the Eilean Chathastail anchorage on board the yacht Betsey. He had just begun his journey at Tobermory and he produced a diary of his travels in the Hebrides for the newspaper Witness, of which he was the editor. His contributions were later collated and published as The Cruise of the Betsey in 1856.[3]

He wrote that: "We passed the Isle of Muck, with its one low hill; saw the pyramidal mountains of Rum looming tall in the offing; and then, running along the Isle of Eigg, with its colossal Scuir rising between us and the sky, as if it were a piece of Babylonian wall, or the great wall of China, only vastly larger, set down on the ridge of a mountain, we entered the channel which separates the isle from one of its dependencies, Eilean Chathastail, and cast anchor in the tideway."[4]

Robert Lawrie Thomson, a former laird of Eigg, is buried at the southern end of Eilean Chathastail. This is marked by a burial enclosure on Maol an Eilean, the island's highest point.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Rick Livingstone’s Tables of the Islands of Scotland (pdf) Argyll Yacht Charters. Retrieved 12 Dec 2011.
  2. ^ a b Haswell-Smith, Hamish (2004). The Scottish Islands. Edinburgh: Canongate. ISBN 978-1-84195-454-7. 
  3. ^ Bray (1996) pp. 222-24, 233
  4. ^ Bray (1996) p. 226, quoting The Cruise of the Betsey
  5. ^ Historic Environment Scotland. "Eigg, Eilean Chathastail (305951)". Canmore. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 

References[edit]

The Cruise of the Betsey - title page (1858)
  • Bray, Elizabeth (1996) The Discovery of the Hebrides: Voyages to the Western Isles 1745-1883. Edinburgh. Birlinn.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 56°52′20″N 6°7′30″W / 56.87222°N 6.12500°W / 56.87222; -6.12500