|Gaelic name||Eilean Liubhaird|
|Meaning of name||possibly "yew island"|
Eilean Liubhaird shown within the Outer Hebrides
|OS grid reference|
|Island group||Lewis and Harris|
|Area rank||133= |
|Highest elevation||76 m|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Council area||Na h-Eileanan Siar|
Geography and geology
The island is oblong in shape with several inlets on its south coast, lying on an east–west axis in Loch Sealg (Loch Shell), and shelters the harbour of Lemreway on the "mainland" of Lewis nearby.
The placename Dùnan on the south coast may be a reference to a little fort of some antiquity.
Although Haswell-Smith suggests that the name means "yew island", the preponderance of Norse names in the Outer Hebrides suggests that the second element of "Iubhard" may be a corruption of fjord/firth.
On 4 May 1746, Bonnie Prince Charlie hid on the island with some of his men for four days. Royal Navy vessels were patrolling in the Minch at the time. They camped under a sail stretched over a "low pitiful hut" while it rained torrentially.
In the early 19th century, five families were living here. Presumably they had moved there in the past few decades, as the story of the Jacobite visit mentions no inhabitants. Seanna-Bhaile (meaning the "old town") was the main settlement, and there was also the lone house known as Taigh a' Gheumpaill.
- Area and population ranks: there are c. 300 islands over 20 ha in extent and 93 permanently inhabited islands were listed in the 2011 census.
- 2001 UK Census per List of islands of Scotland
- Ordnance Survey
- Haswell-Smith, Hamish (2004). The Scottish Islands. Edinburgh: Canongate. ISBN 978-1-84195-454-7.
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