Eilean Mhuire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Eilean Mhuire
Gaelic name Eilean Mhuire
Meaning of name Gaelic for "Virgin Mary's island".[1]
Location
Eilean Mhuire is located in Outer Hebrides
Eilean Mhuire
Eilean Mhuire
Eilean Mhuire shown within the Outer Hebrides
OS grid reference NG432985
Coordinates 57°54′00″N 6°20′06″W / 57.90°N 6.335°W / 57.90; -6.335
Physical geography
Island group Shiant Isles
Area 30.3 hectares (75 acres)[2]
Highest elevation c.90 metres (300 ft)[3]
Administration
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Country Scotland
Council area Comhairle nan Eilean Siar
Lymphad3.svg
Eilean Mhuire from Garbh Eilean

Eilean Mhuire (meaning "Virgin Mary's island") is the most easterly of the Shiant Islands in the Outer Hebrides.

Once populated Eilean Mhuire is now used only for grazing sheep. There are various ruins on the island and the Ordnance Survey mark the remains of "St. Mary's Chapel" on the western side of the island, having been informed in 1851 that the island was a priest's refuge "in the time of Knox".[4] There is certainly a local tradition of the existence of such a building, although Nicolson (2002) believes this to be mistaken and speculates that Eilean Mhuire may have been a pre-Norse hermitage.[5] (There was however a chapel possibly devoted to the Virgin Mary on nearby Eilean an Taighe.)[6][7]

Writing in 1549, Donald Monro, Dean of the Isles stated of Eilean Mhuire that it was:

callit Senchastle by the Eriche, that is the alde castle ile in the Englishe, an strenthe, full of corne and grassinge, full of wyld fowls nests, and verey guid for fishing. It perteins to M’Cloyd of the Lewis.[8][Note 1]

Today, Seann Chaisteal (old castle) is the name of the flat-topped tidal islet at the south eastern extremity of Eilean Mhuire. This is a "large tidal rock on which there never was a building of any kind",[9] and the name may come from the rock's appearance.

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Translation from Scots: "called Senchastle in Gaelic, meaning the "old castle isle" in English, a stronghold full of corn and pasture, full of wild fowl's nests, and very good for fishing. It is owned by Clan MacLeod of Lewis.
Footnotes
  1. ^ Haswell-Smith (2004) p. 278
  2. ^ Nicolson (2002) p. 143
  3. ^ "Get-a-map". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 11 September 2010.
  4. ^ Nicolson (2002) p. 142
  5. ^ Nicolson (2002) pp. 112, 142-43
  6. ^ Martin (1703) p. 35
  7. ^ Nicolson (2002) p. 144
  8. ^ Monro (1549) "Senchastle" No. 176
  9. ^ "Seann Chaisteal, Eilean Mhuire, Shiant Islands". Scotland's Places. Retrieved 11 Apr 2011.
General references

Coordinates: 57°54′N 6°20′W / 57.900°N 6.333°W / 57.900; -6.333