Eille Norwood (born Anthony Edward Brett, 11 October 1861 – 24 December 1948) was an English stage actor, director, and playwright best known today for playing Sherlock Holmes in a series of silent films.
He was born in York and attended St John's College, Cambridge (B.A. 1883). Norwood took his stage name from a woman he once loved named Eileen and Norwood in southeast London, where he lived. His first professional stage appearance was in 1884 with F. R. Benson's Shakespearean company. In 1886-7 he worked for Edward Compton's company. He was active on the stage until 1892, when he became ill and did not recover until about 1899. After acting in a revival of his play The Noble Art, retitled The Talk of the Town, in 1901, he resumed regular stage work. For some years he was employed by Charles Wyndham, appearing for him in My Lady of Rosedale (1904), Captain Drew on Leave (1906), and The Liars (1907). Among many other roles, he toured in 1909 as Raffles in a stage version of the amateur detective. He made his film debut in 1911. He directed the successful production of The Man Who Stayed at Home, which ran in London from December 1914 to July 1916.
From 1921 to 1923 Norwood played Holmes in forty-seven silent films (45 shorts and 2 features) directed by Maurice Elvey and George Ridgwell. Hubert Willis played Watson in nearly all these films. For the final Holmes film, however, Hubert Willis was replaced by Arthur Cullin. Until Jonny Lee Miller's run in the tv series Elementary (2012 - 2019), Norwood had played Holmes more times than any other actor in film or TV.
Norwood was earlier a stage actor associated with the Brough-Boucicault company, and he wrote several plays which were produced commercially:
- Chalk and Cheese (one act)
- Hook and Eye
- The Talk of the Town (previous title The Noble Art), about a fusty old solicitor who is hypnotised into competing in a boxing tournament. The play was first performed at the Theatre Royal in York in 1892, and then in 1893 at Terry's in London with Arthur Williams as Andrew Fullalove, and fifteen years later in Australia, with Hugh J. Ward in the lead part.
- The Grey Room (with Max Pemberton) - produced in York in 1911
Following his appearance in the films, Norwood appeared on the London stage as Sherlock Holmes in The Return of Sherlock Holmes in October 1923. The play was successful enough that it was toured in Europe without Norwood after its London run.
Norwood continued to appear on the London stage until at least 1934.
In 1905 Norwood married fellow English stage and silent film actress Ruth Mackay (1878-1949). His step-daughter actress Jane Grahame (1899-1981) married actor/writer Ernest Dudley, creator of another well-known English detective character, Doctor Morelle. In his later years he lived at Corner Cottage, Waverley Lane in Farnham in Surrey.
- Sir Arthur Conan Doyle himself admired Norwood's portrayal, saying: "His wonderful impersonation of Holmes has amazed me."
|1911||Princess Clementina||James Stuart||Short|
|1916||The Charlatan||Dr. O'Kama|
|1920||The Hundredth Chance||Dr. Jonathon Capper|
|1920||The Tavern Knight||The Tavern Knight|
|1921||A Scandal in Bohemia||Sherlock Holmes|
|1921||A Gentleman of France||Gaston de Marsac|
|1921||The Hound of the Baskervilles||Sherlock Holmes|
|1921||Gwyneth of the Welsh Hills||Lord Pryse|
|1922||Charles Augustus Milverton||Sherlock Holmes|
|1922||The Crimson Circle|
|1923||The Sign of Four||Sherlock Holmes||(final film role)|
- The Eagle, Vol. 25-6, June 1904, p. 344
- "Eille Norwood", Who's Who in the Theatre, Volume 3, ed. John Parker, Boston: Small, Maynard, and Co., 1912, p. 372
- The Era Almanack and Annual, ed. Edward Ledger, 1893, p. 62
- ""The Talk of the Town"". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 28 January 1907. p. 5. Retrieved 31 December 2015.
- "Max Pemberton", Twentieth Century Crime & Mystery Writers, ed. John Reilly, London: Macmillan, 1980, p. 1157
- https://www.blackgate.com/2014/05/12/the-public-life-of-sherlock-holmes-eille-norwood-the-silent-detective/ Black Gate Magazine, "The Public Life of Sherlock Holmes: Eille Norwood: the Silent Detective", May 12, 2014, Bob Byrne
- The London Stage 1930-1939: A Calendar of Productions, Performers, and Personnel, J. P. Wearing, Rowman & Littlefield, 2014, p. 401
- https://www.independent.co.uk/news/obituaries/ernest-dudley-465491.html Obituary for Ernest Dudley, The Independent, 4 February 2006
- England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1858-1995 for Ruth Brett 1949- Ancestry.com (subscription required)
- Notable burials- Farnham Town Council website
- Where I live: Bradford and West Yorkshire
- Barnes, Alan. Sherlock Holmes on Screen. Richmond, Surrey: Reynolds and Hearn Ltd., 2002.