Ein Gev

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Ein Gev
עֵין גֵּב
EinGev056a.jpg
Ein Gev is located in Israel
Ein Gev
Ein Gev
Coordinates: 32°46′57.95″N 35°38′22.73″E / 32.7827639°N 35.6396472°E / 32.7827639; 35.6396472Coordinates: 32°46′57.95″N 35°38′22.73″E / 32.7827639°N 35.6396472°E / 32.7827639; 35.6396472
District Northern
Council Emek HaYarden
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 6 July 1937
Population (2014)[1] 642
Website www.eingev.co.il

Ein Gev (Hebrew: עֵין גֵּב) is a kibbutz in northern Israel. Located on the eastern shore of the Sea of Galilee near the ruins of the Greco-Roman settlement of Hippos, it falls under the jurisdiction of Emek HaYarden Regional Council. In 2014 its population was 642.

History[edit]

Ein Gev pier, c. 1947

Kibbutz Ein Gev came into being on 6 July 1937 during the 1936–1939 Arab revolt in Palestine as a "tower and stockade" settlement, a common debut for many kibbutzim during that era, and quickly established itself as a viable community. The original settlers were immigrants from Czechoslovakia, Germany, Austria, and the Baltic countries.[2] Using intensive cultivation methods, they developed banana plantations. They also fished the nearby Lake Kinneret (Sea of Galilee). By 1947 it had a population of 450.[2]

Situated along a border shared with Syria, Ein Gev was shelled during the Battles of the Kinarot Valley and in other engagements during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. These dangers were only eliminated when Israel occupied the neighboring Golan Heights in the 1967 Six-Day War.

Economy[edit]

The kibbutz operates a holiday resort and a fish restaurant. Agricultural branches include banana plantations and dairy farming. The kibbutz built a 2,500-seat concert hall to accommodate the Ein Gev Music Festival, held annually during Passover.[3]

Notable residents[edit]

Teddy Kollek (second from right), with Ein Gev pioneers (1934–39)
  • Teddy Kollek, a founding member of Kibbutz Ein Gev who became mayor of Jerusalem
  • Mendel Nun, expert on the history of the Sea of Galilee, initiator of the House of Anchors Fishing Museum which he established in 1995

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2014 populations Israel Central Bureau of Statistics
  2. ^ a b Jewish National Fund (1949). Jewish Villages in Israel. Jerusalem: Hamadpis Liphshitz Press. pp. 34–35. 
  3. ^ Ein Gev Jewish Virtual Library

External links[edit]