עֵין הַשְּׁלֹשָׁה, עין השלושה
Ein HaShlosha's wheat field.
|Founded by||South American immigrants|
|Name meaning||Spring of the Three|
Ein HaShlosha (Hebrew: עֵין הַשְּׁלֹשָׁה, lit. Spring of the Three) is a kibbutz in the western Negev desert in Israel. It falls under the jurisdiction of Eshkol Regional Council. In 2015 it had a population of 372.
The kibbutz was named in memory of three of the founding members who were killed during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and it was established during the 1950s by a Nahal group of Zionist youth from South America, members of the youth movement HaNoar HaTzioni, on lands of the former kibbutz Neve Yair (Neve Yair was established in 1949 by members of the Lehi but was abandoned in June 1950). During its first years the kibbutz suffered from bombardment of the Egyptian army.
Almost adjacent to the Gaza border with Khan Yunis, the kibbutz was regularly hit by Palestinian gunfire during the Gaza–Israel conflict in 2008. On 15 January 2008, an Ecuadorian volunteer, Carlos Chavez, was shot and killed by a Hamas sniper while working on the kibbutz.
The kibbutz is largely agricultural, relying on turkey and dairy farming. It also has a small factory that manufactures lever arch files. In March 2006 hundreds of turkeys were found dead, spreading fears of the bird flu virus in Israel.
- "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
- Mapa's concise gazetteer of Israel (in Hebrew). Yuval El'azari (ed.). Tel-Aviv: Mapa Publishing. 2005. p. 413. ISBN 965-7184-34-7.
- Israeli hurt by Palestinian gunfire on Negev kibbutz Haaretz, 26 March 2008
- Kibbutz Ein Hashlosha mourns Carlos Andres Muscara Chavez Jerusalem Post, 15 January 2008
- Fear: Bird flu reaches Israel Ynetnews, 16 March 2006
- Ein HaShlosha Negev Information Centre