Ein Tzurim

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Ein Tzurim
Ein Tzurim
Ein Tzurim
Ein Tzurim is located in Israel
Ein Tzurim
Ein Tzurim
Coordinates: 31°41′40.92″N 34°43′6.96″E / 31.6947000°N 34.7186000°E / 31.6947000; 34.7186000Coordinates: 31°41′40.92″N 34°43′6.96″E / 31.6947000°N 34.7186000°E / 31.6947000; 34.7186000
District Southern
Council Shafir
Affiliation Religious Kibbutz Movement
Founded 23 October 1946 (in Gush Etzion)
1949 (current location)
Founded by Bnei Akiva members
Population (2016)[1] 797

Ein Tzurim (Hebrew: עֵין צוּרִים‎, lit. Rocks Spring) is a religious kibbutz in southern Israel. Located south of Kiryat Malakhi, it falls under the jurisdiction of Shafir Regional Council and is a member of the Religious Kibbutz Movement. In 2016 it had a population of 797.[1]

History[edit]

Original kibbutz[edit]

Kibbutz Ein Tzurim, 1947

The kibbutz was founded on 23 October 1946 as a new settlement in Gush Etzion (east of the present-day location). Its founders were Palestinian-born members of the fifth gar'in of Bnei Akiva that had formed in Tirat Zvi.[2]

By 1947 the kibbutz had a population of 80. However, during the 1948 Arab–Israeli war, it was destroyed by the Jordanian army along with all the other settlements in Gush Etzion. The men who stayed to fight were captured as prisoners of war and taken to the Mafrak Prisoner of War camp.[2]

With the renewal of Jewish settlement in Gush Etzion after the Six-Day War, a new kibbutz called Rosh Tzurim was founded on the original location of Ein Tzurim.

Modern location[edit]

In 1949 the people who left Ein Tzurim founded a new kibbutz in south-central Israel near the existing villages of Zerahia, Shafir and Merkaz Shapira, and they named it "Ein Tzurim" as a symbol of continuity.[citation needed] It was founded on land belonging to the depopulated Palestinian village of al-Sawafir al-Sharqiyya.[3]

In the 1980s two major educational centers were built in the area of the kibbutz; Yeshivat Kibbutz HaDati and the Yaakov Herzog Center for the Study of Judaism. However, in 2008 the yeshiva closed due to insufficient enrollment.[4] Every Yom Kippur former students return to pray together.

After the Gaza disengagement in 2005, some evacuees from Gush Katif moved into a trailer park near the kibbutz and plans were drawn up for permanent housing.

Economy[edit]

The economy is based on fruit orchards, (lemon and persimmon), vegetable crops (artichokes), dairy farming and turkey-breeding. The kibbutz also has an air-conditioner factory and runs a guesthouse.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved September 26, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b Jewish National Fund (1949). Jewish Villages in Israel. Jerusalem: Hamadpis Liphshitz Press. p. 39. 
  3. ^ Khalidi, Walid (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. p. 135. ISBN 0-88728-224-5. 
  4. ^ Swan song for kibbutz yeshiva Ynetnews, 3 October 2008

Further reading[edit]

  • Between Jerusalem and Hebron: Jewish Settlement in the Pre-State Period, Yossi Katz

External links[edit]