Ein Yahav

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Ein Yahav
עֵין יַהַב
Entry to Ein Yahav.
Entry to Ein Yahav.
Ein Yahav is located in Israel
Ein Yahav
Ein Yahav
Coordinates: 30°39′30.6″N 35°14′12.48″E / 30.658500°N 35.2368000°E / 30.658500; 35.2368000Coordinates: 30°39′30.6″N 35°14′12.48″E / 30.658500°N 35.2368000°E / 30.658500; 35.2368000
District Southern
Council Central Arava
Affiliation Moshav Movement
Founded 1962
Founded by Veteran moshav members
Population (2014)[1] 676
Name meaning Yahav Spring

Ein Yahav (Hebrew: עֵין יַהַב) is a moshav in Israel. Located 100 m below sea level in the northern Arava, 12 km south of Hatzeva and between the Yahav and Nikrot streams,[2] it falls under the jurisdiction of the Central Arava Regional Council. In 2014 it has a population of 676.

Etymology[edit]

It is named after the Yahav Spring, located southwest of the moshav.

History[edit]

In 1950, an agricultural experimentation station was set up at Ein Yahav by members of Shahal, a movement to settle arid areas of Israel. The name was derived from the Arabic name for the area, Ayn Wiba, and the Roman name—Yahibu. The station was abandoned and on 7 October 1953, Israel Defense Forces veterans settled there.[2] In 1959 a Nahal settlement was established 5 km to the east of the original. In 1962 it was civilianized by senior moshavniks and in 1967 the settlement moved to its current location.[3] Ein-Yahav has an airfield nearby (Airport Code: EIY).[4]

Ein Yahav has developed chocolate-colored peppers that combine the nutritional benefits of red and green peppers.[5]

Archaeology[edit]

There is an ancient copper-smelting site near Ein Yahav. A small hill with blackened slopes, covered mainly by crushed copper slag, identify the remains of the smelting devices used at the end of the Early Bronze Age for smelting copper.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2014 populations Israel Central Bureau of Statistics
  2. ^ a b Vilnai, Ze'ev (1978). "Ein Yahav". Ariel Encyclopedia (in Hebrew). Volume 6. Tel Aviv, Israel: Am Oved. pp. 5741–5742. 
  3. ^ Mapa's concise gazetteer of Israel. Yuval El'azari (ed.). Tel-Aviv: Mapa Publishing. 2005. p. 415. ISBN 965-7184-34-7. 
  4. ^ "Information about Ein Yahav Airfield". Worldwide airport database. Retrieved 2009-03-11. 
  5. ^ Yahav veggie company unveils chocolate-colored pepper