Ein Zeitim

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Ein Zeitim

Ein Zeitim (Hebrew: עין זיתים‎‎, lit. Spring of Olives) was a kibbutz about 2 km north of Safed first established in 1891.[1]

History[edit]

Ein Zeitim was founded by members of the Dorshei Zion (Seekers of Zion) society, a Zionist pioneer group from Minsk.[2] Despite strong opposition by the Turkish government, the settlers managed to establish farms with olive groves, orchards and dairy and poultry.[3]

Ein Zeitim was built 800m north of the Arab village Ein al-Zeitun, which had commonly been called Ein Zeitim in Hebrew and had been a mixed Arab-Jewish village during the Middle Ages.[4]

In 1891 some speculators bought 430 hectares of land about 3 km north of Safed, and sold it to a party of laborers. Unable to work the land properly, the new owners transferred it to Baron de Rothschild, with whose assistance 750,000 vines and many fruit-trees were planted in the course of six or seven years, and during this time a number of houses were built. The population in 1898 was 51.[5]

The village was abandoned during the first World War and only a handful of residents returned at the end of the war.[6] The 1922 census of Palestine recorded a population of 37 inhabitants, consisting of 30 Jews and 7 Muslims.[7] During the 1929 Palestine riots, three residents were killed and the remainder left.[6] Six Muslims and one Jew were recorded there in 1931, living in four houses.[8] An attempt to revive the village in 1933 failed.[6]

Builders in Kibbutz Ein Zeitim, 1947

In 1946 the village was reestablished after the Jewish National Fund acquired the land.[6] It had a population of 100 in 1947,[3] but by the end of 1951 the population had fallen to 40.[9]

View of Ein Zeitim. 1947

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jacob Goldstein (April 1998). From fighters to soldiers: how the Israeli defense forces began. Sussex Academic Press. pp. 9–. ISBN 978-1-902210-02-5. Retrieved 16 May 2011. 
  2. ^ Jewish rural settlement in Cyprus 1882–1935: A “springboard” or a destiny?
  3. ^ a b Jewish National Fund (1949). Jewish Villages in Israel. Jerusalem: Hamadpis Liphshitz Press. pp. 40–41. 
  4. ^ Alex Carmel; Peter Schafer; Yossi Ben-Artzi (1990). The Jewish Settlement in Palestine, 634-1881. Wiesbaden : Reichert. p. 94. ; for location, "Safad 1:100000" map by Dept. of Lands & Surveys, 1935.
  5. ^ Herman Rosenthal (1901), "Agricultural Colonies in Palestine", Jewish Encyclopedia, Vol. 1 [1]
  6. ^ a b c d "Three new villages in N. Palestine". Palestine Post. January 18, 1946. p. 1. 
  7. ^ J. B. Barron, ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine. p. 41 Table XI. 
  8. ^ E. Mills, ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine. p. 106. 
  9. ^ Government of Israel, Government Year-book 5713 (1952), Supplement page VI.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°59′49.92″N 35°29′9.25″E / 32.9972000°N 35.4859028°E / 32.9972000; 35.4859028