Einabus

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Einabus
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic عينابوس
 • Also spelled Ainabus (official)
'Aynabus (unofficial)
Einabus, 2007
Einabus, 2007
Einabus is located in the Palestinian territories
Einabus
Einabus
Location of Einabus within Palestine
Coordinates: 32°08′48″N 35°14′42″E / 32.14667°N 35.24500°E / 32.14667; 35.24500Coordinates: 32°08′48″N 35°14′42″E / 32.14667°N 35.24500°E / 32.14667; 35.24500
Palestine grid 173/172
Governorate Nablus
Government
 • Type Village council (from 1996)
 • Head of Municipality Nafez Rashdan
Area
 • Jurisdiction 4,011 dunams (4.0 km2 or 1.5 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Jurisdiction 2,340
Name meaning "The spring of Abus"[1]

Einabus (Arabic: عينابوس‎) is a Palestinian village in the northern West Bank, located 12 kilometers (7 miles) south of Nablus and a part of the Nablus Governorate. Nearby towns include Huwara and Beita to the east and Jammain to the south.[2]

Archaeology[edit]

Tombs dug out of the rocks and ancient cisterns have been found.[3]

History[edit]

Potsherds from Middle Bronze Age, LB/IA I, Iron Age II, Persian, Hellenistic, Roman and Crusader/Ayyubid era have been found.[4]

Settlement at Einabus' site dates back to the Jebusite era, however the village's inhabitants are descended Arab tribes that migrated to the area during the Rashidun rule of Palestine.[5] The village's old mosque was built during that time and is dedicated to Umar ibn al-Khattab. Until today, olives and figs remain primary sources of income for the residents of Einabus.[2]

The old mosque, Jama al-Arbain, was inspected in 1928 and 1942, and on a column was found inscribed the name Abdallah and the date 625 (=1227-1228 CE).[6]

Ottoman era[edit]

The village was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517 with all of Palestine, and in 1596 it appeared in the tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Jabal Qubal of the Liwa of Nablus. It had a population of 49 Muslim households and paid taxes on wheat, barley, summercrops, olives, and goats or beehives.[7]

In 1838, Edward Robinson noted it on his travels as a village, named Ain Abus.[8]

In June, 1870, French explorer Victor Guérin found the village to have a spring (after which it was named), and having about 400 inhabitants. Below the village was a valley of olive-trees.[9] In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described the village (called Ain Abus) as "a small village conspicuous on a low spur of the mountain, with a spring to the west and olives to the south."[10]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, 'Ainabus had a population of 227 inhabitants, all Muslims,[11] increasing slightly in the 1931 census to 244, still all Muslim, in a total of 62 houses.[12]

In 1945 the population was 340, all Arabs, with 4,011 dunams (991 acres; 4.011 km2) of land, according to an official land and population survey.[13] Of this, 539 dunams (133 acres; 0.539 km2) were for plantations or irrigated land, 2,107 for cereals,[14] while 29 dunams were built-up land.[15]

1948-1967[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Einabus came under Jordanian rule.

Post-1967[edit]

After the Six-Day War in 1967, Einabus has been under Israeli occupation.

The village had a population of 1200 in 1987,[2] according to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, and of 2,340 in 2007.[16]

Infrastructure[edit]

There are two girls' secondary schools and one for boys. A charity center founded in 1984 contains a kindergarten, a training center for weaving and helps college-bound students that are financially unable to enter college to attend. In addition to the old mosque, Einabus has two modern mosques.[2]

Government[edit]

Einabus is governed by a village council of 7 elected members including the chairman or mayor. In 2005, Nafez Rashdan was elected mayor of Einabus.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 221
  2. ^ a b c d About Einabus Einabus Village Council.
  3. ^ Dauphin, 1998, p. 804
  4. ^ Finkelstein et al., 1998, pp. 679-680
  5. ^ Einabus Village Profile, ARIJ
  6. ^ Sharon, 2004, p. 154
  7. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 130
  8. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol. 2, p. 93
  9. ^ Guérin, 1875, p. 177
  10. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 283
  11. ^ Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Nablus, p. 25
  12. ^ Mills, 1931, p. 61
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 59
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 106.
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 156.
  16. ^ 2007 PCBS Census. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.110.
  17. ^ Einabus Council Members Einabus Village Council.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]