Einstein Institute of Mathematics

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Einstein Institute of Mathematics
מכון איינשטיין למתמטיקה
Manchcstr2 Bldg.jpg
Manchester House, home of the Institute since 1957
Former name
Einstein Mathematics-Physics Institute
EstablishedApril 1, 1925; 94 years ago (1925-04-01)
Field of research
Mathematics
AddressEdmond J. Safra Campus
Givat Ram, Jerusalem, Israel
9190401
Operating agency
Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Websitemathematics.huji.ac.il

The Einstein Institute of Mathematics (Hebrew: מָכוֹן אַייְנְשְׁטַייְן לְמָתֶמָטִיקָה) is a centre for scientific research in mathematics at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, founded in 1925 with the opening of the University. A leading research institute, the Institute's faculty has included recipients of the Nobel Prize, Fields Medal, Wolf Prize, and Israel Prize.[1]

History[edit]

About a year before the official inauguration of the Hebrew University, a Jewish-American philanthropist, Philip Wattenberg, endowed the new university with funds for a research institute in Einstein's name.[2]

The Einstein Mathematics-Physics Institute in 1925. Its inaugural lecture was given by Edmund Landau (on problems from number theory), the first lecture in higher mathematics to be delivered in modern Hebrew.[3] The Institute moved to the Philip Wattenburg Building in 1928,[note 1] designed by Benjamin Chaikin and Sir Frank Mears, where it remained until the Hebrew University lost access to Mount Scopus in 1948.

Edmund Landau served as the University's first Professor of Mathematics, and negotiated the transfer of Felix Klein's private library from Göttingen to Jerusalem, which served as the basis for the new mathematical library in Jerusalem.[4] Other early faculty members included Binyamin Amirà, Abraham Fraenkel, and Michael Fekete.[5] A number of researchers arrived at the Institute during the rise of the Nazi regime in Germany, such as Issai Schur and Otto Toeplitz.[2]

The Israel Journal of Mathematics was founded at the Institute in 1963 as a continuation of the Bulletin of the Research Council of Israel (Section F).[5] A division for computer science was formed within the institute in 1969, which became the independent Institute for Computer Science in 1992.[note 2][5]

Notable members[edit]

Current members[edit]

Former members[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Today part of the Estelle & Eugene Ferkauf Science Teaching Centre.
  2. ^ Now part of the Benin School of Computer Science and Engineering.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Award highlights". Einstein Institute of Mathematics. Retrieved 1 December 2018.
  2. ^ a b Katz, Shaul (2004). "Berlin Roots – Zionist Incarnation: The Ethos of Pure Mathematics and the Beginnings of the Einstein Institute of Mathematics at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem". Science in Context. Cambridge University Press. 17 (1–2): 199–234. doi:10.1017/S0269889704000092.
  3. ^ "Edmund Landau and the Hebrew University". Hebrew University of Jerusalem. 2004. Retrieved 1 December 2018.
  4. ^ Corry, Leo; Schappacher, Norbert (2010). "Zionist Internationalism through Number Theory: Edmund Landau at the Opening of the Hebrew University in 1925". Science in Context. 23 (4): 427–471. doi:10.1017/S0269889710000177.
  5. ^ a b c "About our building". Einstein Institute of Mathematics. Retrieved 1 December 2018.