Eise Eisinga Planetarium

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Royal Eise Eisinga Planetarium
Koninklijk(e) Eise Eisinga Planetarium
Canalside house with "Planetarium" on the gable
Front of the museum in 2007
LocationFraneker, Netherlands
Coordinates53°11′14″N 5°32′38″E / 53.187348°N 5.543965°E / 53.187348; 5.543965
TypeScience museum

The Royal Eise Eisinga Planetarium (Dutch: Koninklijk(e) Eise Eisinga Planetarium) is an 18th-century orrery in Franeker, Friesland, Netherlands. It is currently a museum and open to the public. The orrery has been on the top 100 Dutch heritage sites list since 1990 and in December 2011 was placed on a provisionary list of future UNESCO World Heritage Site candidates. It is the oldest working orrery in the world.


The orrery was built from 1774 to 1781 by Eise Eisinga.

It is listed as a Rijksmonument, number 15668.[1]

The orrery was nominated 12 December 2011 by the Dutch government for UNESCO World Heritage status, based on its long history as a working planetarium open to the public and its continued efforts to preserve its heritage.[2] In December 2018, it was announced that the Dutch minister of Education, Culture and Science will be sending an application to UNESCO to request a formal nomination of the orrery, bringing heritage status one step closer.[3]


The orrery

An orrery is a planetarium, a working model of the solar system. The "face" of the model looks down from the ceiling of what used to be his living room, with most of the mechanical works in the space above the ceiling.[4] It is driven by a pendulum clock, which has 9 weights or ponds. The planets move around the model in real time, automatically. (A slight "re-setting" must be done by hand every four years to compensate for the February 29th of a leap year.) The planetarium includes a display for the current time and date. The plank that has the year numbers written on it has to be replaced every 22 years.

The Eise Eisinga Planetarium is the oldest still working planetarium in the world.

To create the gears for the model, 10,000 handmade nails were used.[5] In addition to the basic orrery, there are displays of the phase of the moon and other astronomical phenomena.

The orrery was constructed to a scale of 1:1,000,000,000,000 (1 millimetre: 1 million kilometres).[6]


  1. ^ "kich.nl (Kennisinfrastructuur Cultuurhistorie)". Retrieved 2010-08-27.
  2. ^ Nomination on tentative list at UNESCO website
  3. ^ Omrop Fryslân: Eise Eisinga Planetarium voorgedragen voor Werelderfgoedstatus UNESCO
  4. ^ Sixma, H (November 1934). "The Franeker Planetarium". Popular Astronomy. SAO/NASA ADS. XLII (9): 489–495. Bibcode:1934PA.....42..489S. Retrieved 2011-06-22.
  5. ^ "planetarium-friesland.nl". Retrieved 2010-08-27.
  6. ^ "Eise Eisinga Planetarium (UNESCO)". Retrieved 2013-09-16.

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