View over Eisenhüttenstadt
|• Mayor||Dagmar Püschel (The Left)|
|• Total||63.40 km2 (24.48 sq mi)|
|• Density||430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Eisenhüttenstadt (literally "ironworks city" in German; [ʔaɪznˈhʏtnʃtat] ( listen)) is a town in the Oder-Spree district of the state of Brandenburg, Germany, on the border with Poland. It had a population of 32,214 as of 31 December 2008.
The town was founded in 1950 (under the name Stalinstadt) alongside a new steel mill as a socialist model city. A few years before the town was established, its territory was linked to Kłopot, Poland, by a bridge over the Oder River, but the link was destroyed by retreating German forces in February 1945, near the end of World War II. The population grew rapidly in the 1950s and 1960s. In 1961, during De-Stalinization, the town was renamed Eisenhüttenstadt. After German reunification in 1990, the state-owned steel works were privatized, and most of its 12,000 employees lost their jobs. The factory currently employs around 2,500 workers. The town experienced a steep decline in population, from just over 50,000 to under 30,000 today.
The first design for the new residential quarter was developed by the modernist and Bauhaus architect, Franz Ehrlich, in August 1950. His modernist plan, which laid out a dispersed town landscape along functional lines, was rejected by the Ministry for Reconstruction. The same happened to the plan presented by the architects Kurt Junghanns and Otto Geiler. The plan that was ultimately realized was developed by Kurt Walter Leucht.
The town is twinned with:
Eisenhüttenstadt was the birthplace of:
- Detlef Gerstenberg (1957–1993), hammer thrower, competitor in 1980 Summer Olympics
- Frank Schaffer (* 1958), athlete, medal winner in 1980 Summer Olympics
- Katharina Bullin (* 1959), volleyball player
- Gisela Beyer (* 1960), athlete
- Hendrik Reiher (* 1962), rowing cox, medal winner in multiple Olympic Games
- Torsten René Gutsche (* 1968), sprint canoer, competitor in two Summer Olympic Games; 1992 winner of the Bambi Award
- Sven Helbig (* 1968), producer, musician
- Kathrin Boron (* 1969), sculler, competitor in multiple Olympic Games, gold medalist in several World Rowing Championships
- Sören Lausberg (* 1969), retired track cyclist, competitor in two Summer Olympic Games
- Paul van Dyk (* 1971), DJ, composer and music producer
- Amadeus Wallschläger (* 1985), soccer player
- Roger Kluge (* 1986), racing cyclist, silver medal winner in 2008 Summer Olympic Games
- "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2013 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 2014.
- Emily Young (28 April 2014). "Germany: The rise and fall of a model socialist city". BBC News. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
- http://www.eisenhuettenstadt.de/cgi-bin/main.php?d1cnr=517[dead link]
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