Eisenhüttenstadt

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Eisenhüttenstadt
View over Eisenhüttenstadt
View over Eisenhüttenstadt
Coat of arms of Eisenhüttenstadt
Coat of arms
Eisenhüttenstadt   is located in Germany
Eisenhüttenstadt
Eisenhüttenstadt
Coordinates: 52°08′42″N 14°40′22″E / 52.14500°N 14.67278°E / 52.14500; 14.67278Coordinates: 52°08′42″N 14°40′22″E / 52.14500°N 14.67278°E / 52.14500; 14.67278
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Oder-Spree
Government
 • Mayor Dagmar Püschel (The Left)
Area
 • Total 63.40 km2 (24.48 sq mi)
Elevation 42 m (138 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 30,416
 • Density 480/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 15890
Dialling codes 03364
Vehicle registration LOS
Website www.eisenhuettenstadt.de

Eisenhüttenstadt (literally "ironworks city" in German; [ʔaɪzn̩ˈhʏtn̩ʃtat] (About this sound listen)) is a town in the Oder-Spree district of the state of Brandenburg, Germany, on the border with Poland.

Geography[edit]

The municipal area stretches on a sandy terrace in the Berlin-Warsaw glacial valley (Urstromtal). It is bounded by the Oder river in the east, which since 1945 forms the German–Polish border. Eisenhüttenstadt is the eastern terminus of the Oder–Spree Canal. The town centre is located about 25 kilometres (16 mi) south of Frankfurt (Oder) and 110 km (68 mi) southeast of Berlin. Eisenhüttenstadt has access to the Berlin–Wrocław railway line.

The town comprises the districts of Diehlo, Fürstenberg (Oder), and Schönfließ.[2]

History[edit]

The present-day township was founded as a socialist model city in 1950 (initially named Stalinstadt after Joseph Stalin) upon decision of the East German Socialist Unity Party (SED), alongside a new steel mill combine located west of the historic town of Fürstenberg (Oder).[3] A few years before the new town arose, a bridge over the Oder river had been constructed, which was destroyed by retreating Wehrmacht forces in February 1945, near the end of World War II.

The population grew rapidly in the 1950s and 1960s. In 1961, during De-Stalinization, the town was renamed Eisenhüttenstadt. After German reunification in 1990, the state-owned steel works were privatized, and most of its 12,000 employees lost their jobs. The factory currently employs around 2,500 workers.[4] The town experienced a steep decline in population, from just over 50,000 to under 30,000 today.

Demographics[edit]

1953 celebration: Walter Ulbricht with Soviet ambassador Ivan Ilyichev
The Friedrich-Wolf-Theater, opened in 1955

Architecture[edit]

The first design for the new residential quarter was developed by the modernist and Bauhaus architect, Franz Ehrlich, in August 1950. His modernist plan, which laid out a dispersed town landscape along functional lines, was rejected by the Ministry for Reconstruction. The same happened to the plan presented by the architects Kurt Junghanns and Otto Geiler. The plan that was ultimately realized was developed by Kurt Walter Leucht.[5][6]

International Relations[edit]

Eisenhüttenstadt is twinned with:[7]

Notable people[edit]

Eisenhüttenstadt was the birthplace of:

Other personalities associated with the city[edit]

Bahro, Berlin 1989, SED Party convent
  • Rudolf Bahro (1935-1997), regime critics and author of the book The alternative. To the critique of the existing socialism., spent his school days in the city
  • Tamara Bunke (1937-1967), fellow combatant of Che Guevara in Bolivia, made here the abitur
  • Rolf Henrich (born 1944), lawyer, first signatory of the Founding Call of the New Forum
  • Tom Hanks visited the city in 2011, creating much free publicity for the city.[8]

References[edit]

External links[edit]