Eitaro Ishigaki

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Eitaro Ishigaki
Archives of American Art - Eitaro Ishigaki - 2985.jpg
Eitaro Ishigaki, c. 1940, from the Archives of American Art
Native name
石垣 栄太郎
Born(1893-12-01)December 1, 1893
DiedJanuary 23, 1958(1958-01-23) (aged 64)
NationalityAmerican
Known forPainting, muralist
Eitaro and Ayako Ishigaki, 1927

Eitaro Ishigaki (石垣 栄太郎, Ishigaki Eitarō, December 1, 1893 – January 23, 1958) was an American artist.[1]

Life[edit]

He was born in Taiji, Wakayama, Japan. Eitaro Ishigaki was a member of the John Reed Club and the Federal Art Project. He married Ayako Ishigaki.[2] He emigrated to America in 1909.[3]

In 1937, he painted two murals at the Harlem Courthouse, American Independence and Emancipation.[4] In 1938, the New York City Council ruled both of them offensive and murals were removed.[5]

His painting, Man on the Horse (1932), depicted a plain-clothed Chinese guerrilla confronting the Japanese army, heavily equipped with airplanes and warships. His other painting, Flight (1937), depicted two Chinese women escaping Japanese bombing, running with three children past one man lying dead on the ground.[6]

During World War II, he worked for the United States Office of War Information.[7] In 1951, Ishigaki was arrested and deported to Japan with his wife, Ayako Ishigaki, where he died after seven years.[2]

Recognition[edit]

His work is held by the Art Institute of Chicago.[8] In 1997 and 2013, the Museum of Modern Art, Wakayama held commemorative exhibitions of his works.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gordon H. Chang, Mark Dean Johnson, Paul J. Karlstrom, Sharon Spain, eds. (2008). Asian American art, 1850-1970. Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-5752-2.CS1 maint: uses editors parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b Japanese Artists In New York Between The World Wars
  3. ^ Artists on the Left: American Artists and the Communist Movement, 1926-1956 By Andrew Hemingway Page 62
  4. ^ The American Scene Art of the 1930s and 1940s, Harlem Courthouse Mural study
  5. ^ Race, ethnicity and migration in modern Japan / edited by Michael Weiner. London: Routledge, 2004, p. 333.
  6. ^ Race, Ethnicity and Migration in Modern Japan: Imagined and imaginary minorities Page 333
  7. ^ Michael Denning (1998). The cultural front: the laboring of American culture in the Twentieth Century. Verso. ISBN 978-1-85984-170-9.
  8. ^ Eitaro Ishigaki | The Art Institute of Chicago
  9. ^ Eitaro Ishigaki Retrospective, The Museum of Modern Art, Wakayama, 2013. Archive

Further reading[edit]