Eitel Friedrich IV, Count of Hohenzollern
|Eitel Friedrich IV of Hohenzollern|
Eitel Friedrich IV
|Spouse(s)||Veronica of Ortenburg
Sibylle of Zimmern
Johanna of Eberstein
|Noble family||House of Hohenzollern|
|Father||Karl I, Count of Hohenzollern|
|Mother||Anna of Baden-Durlach|
7 September 1545|
|Died||16 January 1605
|Buried||Church of the St. Luzen monastery|
After his father's death in 1576, Hohenzollern was divided. Eitel Friedrich became the founder of the Hohenzollern-Hechingen line; his brother Karl founded the Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen line, and his brother Christoph founded the Hohenzollern-Haigerloch line. Hohenzollern-Hechingen included the original County of Zollern, with the town of Hechingen and monasteries at Rangendingen, St. Luzen and Stetten.
Eitel Friedrich reorganized the administration of the county, which his predecessors had neglected. He issued strict hunting and forestry regulation, which led to several uprisings.
In Hechingen, he built a Renaissance style residence, from which the New Castle later evolved. In 1585, he and his wife founded the Franciscan monastery of St. Luke in Hechingen. He iniatiated other construction pjrect as well, including the St. Lucerne abbey church, che hospital and the lower tower. His residence became a center of culture and music, earning him the nickname the Magnificent.
He died in 1605 and was buried in the church of the St. Luzen monastery. In 1609 a bronze grave plate was added to his grave, covering his heart. It bears the inscription Ubi thesaurus meus, ibi cor meum, "Where my treasure lies, there lies my heart" (compare Luke 12).
Marriages and issue
Eitel Friedrich married three times. He married his first wife on 22 June 1568. She was Veronica († 1573), the daughter of Count Karl I of Ortenburg. The marriage remained childless.
- Ernst (born: 1575; died young)
- Johann Georg (1577–1623), Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen
- married in 1598 Countess Franziska of Salm-Neufville, Wild- and Rhinegravine of Neufville (d. 1619)
- Maximilian (1580–1633)
- Johanna (1581–1634)
- married in 1602 with Johann, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1578–1638)
He married his third wife on 1 March 1601. She was Johanna (d. 1633), the daughter of Count Philip of Eberstein. this marriage also remained childless
- "Eitel Friedrich IV.", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German), 9, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 1972, pp. 501–502
- Allgemeine deutsche Real-encyklopädie für die gebildeten Stände, vol. 7, Brockhaus, 1845, p. 249, (Online)
- Gerhard Köbler: Historisches Lexikon der Deutschen Länder: die deutschen Territorien vom Mittelalter bis zur Gegenwart, C. H. Beck, 2007, p. 294
- Archiv für die Geistlichkeit der Oberrheinischen Kirchenprovinz, [In der] Herder['schen Kunst- und Buchhandlung], 1838, p. 293 (Digitalisat)
Eitel Friedrich IV, Count of HohenzollernBorn: 7 September 1545 Died: 16 January 1605
as Count of Hohenzollern
|Count of Hohenzollern-Hechingen
as Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen