Ekiti State

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Ekiti
State
Nickname(s): Land of Honour & Integrity, formerly Fountain of Knowledge.
Location of Ekiti State in Nigeria
Location of Ekiti State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 7°40′N 5°15′E / 7.667°N 5.250°E / 7.667; 5.250Coordinates: 7°40′N 5°15′E / 7.667°N 5.250°E / 7.667; 5.250
Country  Nigeria
Date created 1 October 1996
Capital Ado Ekiti
Government
 • Governor
(List)
Ayo Fayose (PDP)
 • Deputy Governor Kolapo Olubunmi Olusola
 • Senators
  • Fatimat Raji-Rasaki
  • Duro Faseyi
  • Biodun Olujimi
Area
 • Total 6,353 km2 (2,453 sq mi)
Area rank 31st of 36
Population (2006 Census)
 • Total 2,398,957
 • Rank 29th of 36
 • Density 380/km2 (980/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Ekitian
GDP (PPP)
 • Year 2007
 • Total $2.85 billion[1]
 • Per capita $1,169[1]
Time zone WAT (UTC+01)
ISO 3166 code NG-EK

Ekiti is a state in western Nigeria, declared a state on 1st October 1996 alongside five other states in the country, by the military under the dictatorship of General Sani Abacha. As one of the newest states of the Nigerian federation, it was carved out of the territory of old Ondo State, and covers the former 12 local government areas that made up the Ekiti Zone of old Ondo State. On creation, it had 16 Local Government Areas (LGAs), having had an additional four carved out of the old ones. Ekiti State is one of the 36 states (inc. Federal Capital Territory (Nigeria)) that constitute Nigeria and is reputed to have produced the highest number of professors in the country. With a single town in Ekiti State, Okemesi, reputed to have over 30 professors, several pioneer academics also hail from the state, including Adegoke Olubummo (one of the first Nigerian professors in the field of mathematics) and Ekundayo Adeyinka Adeyemi (first Professor of Architecture in Africa, south of the Sahara). Other professors from the state include J. F. Ade Ajayi, Niyi Osundare, Sam Aluko and Prof A. A. Agboola.

Following a prolonged political crisis, President Olusegun Obasanjo imposed a military administrator (General Tunji Olurin) on Ekiti State in October 2006. On 27 April 2007, Olurin was replaced by Tope Ademiluyi. In the PDP primary of 2006, the first-place finisher Yinka Akerele and second-place finisher Prof. Adesegun Ojo were supposed to be in a run-off to determine who would be the nominee of the Nigerian ruling party when President Obasanjo summoned them to Abuja and imposed the candidate who came third, engineer Segun Oni. He was later elected in the 2007 election as the governor of the state in an election marred by widespread irregularities although the APC candidate, Dr. Kayode Fayemi challenged his election and forced a rerun in May 2009.[2]

The May 2009 rerun was characterized by even worse rigging and the election was disputed again. Eventually, after three years, the election of Oni was thrown out and Dr. Kayode Fayemi was declared the duly elected governor of Ekiti State.

The prominent private university in Ekiti State is Afe Babalola University, Ado–Ekiti[3] (ABUAD), founded by the legal luminary, philanthropist, seasoned administrator, and farmer Aare Afe Babalola, SAN.[4] It has become a pillar of support for the state in terms of human capital development and empowerment.

History[edit]

Ekiti was an independent state prior to the British conquest. It was one of the many Yoruba states in what is today Nigeria. The Ekiti people as a nation and districts of Yoruba race had her progeny in Oduduwa, the father and progenitor of Yoruba race. Just like every major subethnic division in Yorubaland. Ekiti has her origin from Ile-Ife (the cradle land of Yorubaland). The Olofin, one of the sons of the Oduduwa had 16 children and in the means of searching for the new land to develop, they all journeyed out of Ile-Ife as they walked through the Iwo - Eleru(crave) near Akure and had stop over at a place called Igbo-Aka(forest of termites) closer to Ile-Oluji.

The Olofin, the 16 children and some other beloved people continued with their journey, but when they got to a particular lovely and flat land, the Owa-Obokun (the monarchy of Ijesha land) and Orangun of Ila decided to stay in the present Ijesha and Igomina land of in Osun state. While the remaining 14 children continued with the journey and later settled in the present day Ekiti land. They discovered that there were many hills in the place and they said in their mother's language that this is "Ile olokiti" the land of hills. Therefore, the Okiti later blended to Ekiti. So Ekiti derived her name through hills.

These are direct children and founder of Ekitiland, Igbominaland and Ijeshaland:

  1. Alara of Aramoko.
  2. Alasa of Ilasa-Ekiti
  3. Alaaye of Efon Alaaye Kingdom
  4. Ajero of Ijero Kingdom
  5. Arinjale of Ise
  6. Ewi of Ado
  7. Elekole of Ikole
  8. Ogoga of Ikere
  9. Atta of Ayede-ekiti
  10. Elemure of Emure
  11. Olohan of Erijiyan-Ekiti
  12. Oloye of Oye
  13. Olojudo of Ido
  14. Onire of Ire
  15. Onitaji of Itaji
  16. Onisan of Isan
  17. Oore of Otun Moba
  18. Owatapa of Itapa
  19. Orangun of Ila-Orangun
  20. Owa -obokun of Ijeshaland
  21. Ologotun of Ogotun
  22. Obanla of Ijesa-Isu
  23. Oluloro of Iloro-Ekiti
  24. Alare of Are Ekiti
  25. Oluyin of Iyin Ekiti
  26. Alawo of Awo Ekiti
  27. Oniye of Iye ekiti
  28. Olomuo of Omuo Land

The modern Ekiti state was formed from part of Ondo in 1996.[5]

Geography[edit]

The State is mainly an upland zone, rising over 250 meters above sea level. It lies on an area underlain by metamorphic rock. It is generally undulating country with a characteristic landscape that consists of old plains broken by step-sided out-crops that may occur singularly or in groups or ridges. Such rocks out-crops exist mainly at Aramoko, Efon-Alaaye, Ikere-Ekiti,Igbara-odo- ekiti and Okemesi-Ekiti. The State is dotted with rugged hills, notable ones being Ikere-Ekiti Hills in the south, Efon-Alaaye Hills on the western boundary and Ado-Ekiti Hills in the centre.

Climate and vegetation[edit]

The State enjoys tropical climate with two distinct seasons. These are the rainy season (April–October) and the dry season (November–March). Temperature ranges between 21° and 28 °C with high humidity. The south westerly wind and the northeast trade winds blow in the rainy and dry (Harmattan) seasons respectively. Tropical forest exists in the south, while savannah occupies the northern peripheries.h

Towns and administrative divisions[edit]

The people of Ekiti State live mainly in towns. These towns include: Ado, Ikere Ekiti, Awo Ekiti, Ayegbaju Ekiti, Araromi Oke Ekiti, Efon-Alaaye, Aramoko Ekiti, Temidire-Ikole Local Govt, Igede Ekiti, Are Ekiti, Ikole, Ayede, Isan, Iye Ayede, Ire, Ijero, Ayetoro, Ipoti, Igogo, Ise, Itapa, Otun, Usi Ekiti, Ido, Emure, Iyin, Igede, Ilawe, Ode, Oye, Omuo, Ilupeju, Ikoro,Iloro, Ijurin, Ikun, Iye, Ijesa-Isu, Ayedun, Aisegba, Osin, Okemesi, Iworoko, Ifaki Ekiti, Osan, Erinmope, Asin-Ekiti, Orin, Ilogbo Ekiti, Osi, Igbole, Ora, Aye, Ikogosi Erio, [Igbara-Odo](Ogotun), Erijiyan Ekiti Iludun, Ilemeso, Otun, Itapaji, Ipao Ekiti, Oke Ako Ekiti, Irele Ekiti, Imojo, Ire Ekiti, Eda Oniyo, Gogo Ekiti, Odooro Ekiti, Ijan Ekiti, Epe Ekiti, Usi Ekiti, Ijesa-Isu Ekiti Ilasa-Ekiti, Iropora-Ekiti

Local government areas[edit]

Ekiti State consists of sixteen Local Government Areas. They are:

Current list of Local Government Area Chairmen.[6]

Proposed 18 Local Council Development Areas (LCDAs)in Ekiti State The Ekiti State Government is to create additional 18 Council Development Areas based on the recommendations of the White Paper Committee set up by the government.

In a press statement, the Commissioner for Information and Civic Orientation, Mr. Tayo Ekundayo, said the new council areas will be created from the existing 16 local government areas following a referendum by the State Independent Electoral Commission (SIEC) and consideration of the outcome of the referendum by the State House of Assembly.

They will operate as Local Council Development Areas (LCDAs) pending the concurrence of the National Assembly, which would accord them the status of full-fledged local government councils.

According to the commissioner, the new councils and their proposed headquarters as contained in the White Paper and approved by the State Executive Council are as follows:

Number Name Center
i Ado West LCDA Okesha
ii Ado-North LCDA Oke –Ila
iii Ado-Central LCDA Ijigbo
iv Ekiti North-East LCDA Ilasa -Ekiti
v Ogotun/Igbaraodo LCDA Oke- Agbe
vi Osi/Isokan LCDA Ifaki Ekiti
vii Eka Meta LCDA Erijiyan- Ekiti
viii Okemesi/Ido Ile LCDA Okemesi - Ekiti
ix Gbonyin LCDA Aisegba
x Irewolede LCDA Iloro- Ekiti
xi Irede LCDA Ipoti-Ekiti
xii Ikere West LCDA Anaye
xiii Ajoni LCDA Aiyedun
xiv Ifelodun LCDA Igbemo –Ekiti
xv Araromi LCDA Iyin –Ekiti
xvi Ero LCDA Igogo
xvii Ifesowapo LCDA Bamisile Land
xviii Ifeloju LCDA Ilupeju- Ekiti

Demographics[edit]

The Ekiti, whose ancestors migrated from Ile-Ife as a people, form one of the largest ethnic groups in Yorubaland. Ekitis are culturally homogeneous and they speak a dialect of Yoruba language known as Ekiti. The homogeneous nature of Ekiti confers on the state some uniqueness among the states of the federation. Slight differences are noticeable in the Ekiti dialects of the Yoruba language spoken by the border communities to other states. For example, the people of Ado local government area do not speak exactly the same dialect with the people of Ijero Local government area, while the people of Ikole area speak something different from the people of Ikere area. The communities influenced by their locations include Otun (Moba land) that speaks a dialect close to the one spoken by the Igbominas in Kwara State. The people of Oke-Ako, Irele, Omuo speak a similar dialect to that of Ijesas of Osun State. However, part of the uniqueness of the Ekitis is that wherever is your own part of the state, you will understand well, when the other Ekiti[3] man/woman speaks, in spite of the dialectal variations. In addition, all towns in Ekiti State take a common suffix, “Ekiti,” after their names. The main staple food of the people of Ekiti is pounded yam with Isapa soup or vegetable soup.

Natural resources[edit]

Ekiti land is naturally endowed with numerous natural resources. The state is potentially rich in mineral deposits. These include granite, kaolin, columbite, channockete, iron ore, baryte, aquamine, gemstone, phosphate, limestone,GOLD among others. They are largely deposited in different towns and villages of Ijero, Ekiti West, Ado - Ekiti, Ikole, Ikere, Ise-Ekiti and other Local Government Areas.

The Land is also blessed with water resources, some of its major rivers are Ero, Osun, Ose, and Ogbese. More so a variety of tourist attractions abound in the state namely, Ikogosi Warm Spring, Ipole - Iloro Water Falls, Olosunta hills, Ikere, Fajuyi Memorial Park Ado - Ekiti and so on. The Ikogosi tourist centre is the most popular and the most developed. The warm spring is a unique natural feature, and supporting facilities are developed in the centre. The spring is at present being processed and packaged into bottled water for commercial purpose by a private company - UAC Nigeria.

Moreover, the land is buoyant in agricultural resources with cocoa as its leading cash crop. It was largely known that Ekiti land constituted well over 40% of the cocoa products of the famous old Western Region. The land is also known for its forest resources, notably timber. Because of the favourable climatic conditions, the land enjoys luxuriant vegetation, thus, it has abundant resources of different species of timber. Food crops such as yam, cassava, and also grains like rice and maize are grown in large qualities. Other notable crops such as kola nut and varieties of fruits are also cultivated in commercial quantities.

Notable Ekiti indigenes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved 2008-08-20. 
  2. ^ "Ekiti: Fayose, Olujimi, Aderemi Lose Out". Nigerian Tribune Online. African Newspapers of Nigeria Plc. 2007-04-28. Archived from the original on 2007-06-01. Retrieved 2007-05-02. 
  3. ^ a b "Afe Babalola University". 
  4. ^ "Index of /". 
  5. ^ Cohen, Saul B., ed. The Columbia Gazetteer of the World (New York: Columbia University Press, 1998) vol 1, p. 915
  6. ^ "Chairmen And Secretaries Of Local Governments". 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]