View of the village
|Elevation||18 m (59 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
Ekkerøy (also: Store Ekkerøy or Northern Sami: Ihkkot) is one of the oldest fishing villages on the Varangerfjorden in Finnmark county, Norway. It is located in Vadsø Municipality about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) east of the town of Vadsø which is the administrative centre of the municipality and the county. The village of Valen lies just north of Ekkerøy.
Historically, the population was Norwegian or Kven, rather than Sami, and the economy was based on fishing and farming. There are about forty people living in the village today and tourism forms part of the economy.
As the ending "øy" in the name indicates, the place was originally an island; however, it is now joined to the Varanger peninsula by a narrow isthmus of land. At the mainland end of the isthmus the small hamlet of Valen is located.
The headland on the northern tip of Ekkerøy is called Varnes and its eastern tip is called Skagodden. The bay on the northeastern side of the neck which joins Ekkerøy to the mainland is called Yttersida and that on the southwestern side is called Innersida.
World War II
Ekkerøy is one of the few places in Finnmark where pre-World War II buildings can be seen. When the German army retreated from the Litsa front and Kirkenes in late 1944, they burned most buildings in the county. However, buildings on the north side of the Varangerfjorden survived because the Russians advanced so quickly that the German troops in this area fled west to get across the Tana river before they were cut off and, therefore, did not have enough time to obey the order to destroy all buildings.
Most of the old Kjeldsen fish plant, including a pier, cod-liver oil cooker, and country store, has been converted into a museum which is run by the Varanger Museum in Vadsø and is open in the summer time. In 2012, the museum included an exhibition called "Murman, the Coast of Hope", about migration in the 1860s from Norway and Finland to the Murman Coast which extends eastward from the current Norwegian-Russian border. After Ekkerøy, the exhibition was to move to Vardø, Kirkenes, Murmansk, Arkhangelsk, and places in Finland.
On the pier, one building (which previously belonged to the Kjeldsen fish plant) has been converted to a restaurant, called Havhesten (English: Seahorse).
- Kjellfrid Irene (née Andreassen), the mother of the actress Renée Zellweger, is from Ekkerøy
- Lille Ekkerøy, a neighboring island
- "Ekkerøy" (in Norwegian). yr.no. Retrieved 2013-03-06.
- "Ekkeroy holidayhouse". Archived from the original on 2013-02-21. Retrieved 2012-07-30.
- Ekkerøy, a pearl in the Arctic
- Video taken by passenger on a flight in a Widerøe Dash-8 from Vadsø to Vardø
- Kulturminnesøk - adjust the map returned when the search term Ekkerøy is used in this online Norwegian database.
- Norway's liberation
- "The Kjeldsen fishing factory on Ekkerøy". Archived from the original on 2014-05-11. Retrieved 2012-07-30.
- Murman, the Coast of Hope
- Varanger Museum, Murman – the coast of hope. The history of colonization 1860 – 1940, 2012. This book in English serves as a catalogue for the exhibition of the same name and contains eleven articles, written by representatives from participating institutions in Norway, Finland and Russia; the articles deal with different aspects of the colonization, life on the Murman Coast and the impact of politics on the colonists.
- Havhesten - a restaurant out on the fishing pier