Ekoi people

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Ekoi skin covered Head dress.JPG
Ejagham mask.jpg
Ekoi skin-covered Ekpe headdress and mask
Total population
Regions with significant populations
Ekoi language
Traditional Ekoi Religions, Christianity
Related ethnic groups
Ibibio, Annang, Efik, Igbo, Ijaw.

Ekoi people, also known as Ejagham, are an ethnic group in the extreme southeast of Nigeria and extending eastward into the southwest region of Cameroon. They speak the Ekoi language, the main Ekoid language. Other Ekoid languages are spoken by related groups, including the Etung, some groups in Ikom (such as Ofutop, Akparabong and Nde), some groups in Ogoja (Ishibori and Bansarra), Ufia and Yakö. The Ekoi have lived closely with the nearby Efik, Annang, Ibibio and Igbo people of southeastern Nigeria. The Ekoi are best known for their Ekpe headdresses.[2] They traditionally use Nsibidi ideograms, and are the group that originally created them.


The Ekoi in Nigeria are found in Cross River State. The Ekoid languages are spoken around this area, although English (the national language) is also spoken.


The Ekoi believe that the heirs of the first settlers of their present settlement own the land; while newcomers are not allowed to buy land, they are able to purchase rights of settlement. Ekoi men have traditionally hunted, while women have engaged in agriculture, raising yams, plantains, and corn (maize). Women also fish, and both men and women participate in weaving.

Ekoi language[edit]

The Ekoi language is one of the Ekoid languages, a Niger–Congo dialect cluster.


  1. ^ a b c Joshua Project - Ejagham, Ekoi of Cameroon Ethnic People Profile
  2. ^ Ekoi. Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2009-01-24.