City of Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality

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Ekurhuleni
City
Official seal of Ekurhuleni
Seal
Location in Gauteng
Location in Gauteng
Coordinates: 26°13′7″S 28°09′46″E / 26.21861°S 28.16278°E / -26.21861; 28.16278Coordinates: 26°13′7″S 28°09′46″E / 26.21861°S 28.16278°E / -26.21861; 28.16278
Country South Africa
Province Gauteng
Seat Germiston
Wards 101
Government[2]
 • Type Municipal council
 • Mayor Mzwandile Masina[1] (ANC)
Area
 • Total 1,975 km2 (763 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 3,178,470
 • Density 1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[3]
 • Black African 78.7%
 • Coloured 2.7%
 • Indian/Asian 2.1%
 • White 15.8%
First languages (2011)[4]
 • Zulu 28.8%
 • English 12.0%
 • Afrikaans 11.9%
 • Northern Sotho 11.4%
 • Other 35.9%
Time zone UTC+2 (SAST)
Municipal code EKU
GDP US$ 55.3 billion[5]
GDP per capita US$ 17,361[5]

The City of Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality is a metropolitan municipality that forms the local government of the East Rand region of Gauteng, South Africa. The name Ekurhuleni means place of peace in XiTsonga. Ekurhuleni is one of the five districts of Gauteng province and one of the eight metropolitan municipalities of South Africa. The seat of Ekurhuleni is Germiston. The most common native language spoken by its 3.17 million people is IsiZulu, as of the 2001 Census. OR Tambo International Airport falls in the Kempton Park area of Ekurhuleni.[6]

History[edit]

The municipality was established in 2000, superseding the Eastern Gauteng Services Council, the Khayalami Metropolitan Council, and the previous administrations of Alberton, Benoni, Boksburg, Brakpan, Edenvale/Lethabong, Germiston, Kempton Park/Tembisa, Nigel and Springs.[7]

The planned abolition of the Lesedi Local Municipality, which includes Heidelberg, and its absorption into Ekurhuleni after the 2016 municipal elections, were blocked by the High Court of South Africa in 2015.[8]

The name Ekurhuleni meaning place of peace alludes to the fact that the East Rand townships were the site of severe political violence between supporters of the Inkatha Freedom Party and the ANC in the early 1990's, prior to South Africa's first democratic elections in 1994.[9]

Geography[edit]

Ekurhuleni lies on the plateau that is the highveld at about 1600 metres in altitude. The highest elevation is at the Gillooly's Ridge – Bill Stewart Side – Fisher's Hill at 1772m asl.[10] The lowest point is at 1552m asl. The city is rich in wetlands, pans, streams and rivers.[11] The city is highly urbanised; however, the north especially has high-potential agricultural land.[12]

Climate[edit]

Ekurhuleni has a Cwb climate according to the Köppen-Geiger Climate classification.[13] This classifies a warm temperate climate of warm summers and dry winters. In the winter months (May - October) the city has a diurnal temperature pattern with a high amplitude, as temperatures can range from freezing at night to mid 20s °C in the day.

The main precipitation falls between October and March with a monthly average precipitation of up to 148mm which falls usually in convective thundershowers.[14] The daily maximum temperatures in October-March are on average 27 °C. The Winter is mostly dry with only a few cold fronts reaching the highveld from the southern Atlantic Ocean.[15]

Climate data for Ekurhuleni
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.8
(92.8)
33.5
(92.3)
35.2
(95.4)
29.4
(84.9)
29.2
(84.6)
28.8
(83.8)
24.5
(76.1)
27.0
(80.6)
33.0
(91.4)
32.5
(90.5)
33.6
(92.5)
33.0
(91.4)
35.2
(95.4)
Average high °C (°F) 32
(90)
32
(90)
30
(86)
27
(81)
25
(77)
22
(72)
22
(72)
26
(79)
30
(86)
32
(90)
32
(90)
32
(90)
28.5
(83.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
23
(73)
21
(70)
18
(64)
18
(64)
21
(70)
25
(77)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
24
(75)
Average low °C (°F) 14
(57)
13
(55)
13
(55)
10
(50)
6
(43)
2
(36)
2
(36)
4
(39)
8
(46)
11
(52)
13
(55)
14
(57)
9
(48)
Record low °C (°F) 6
(43)
0
(32)
1
(34)
−1
(30)
−5
(23)
−7
(19)
−6
(21)
−7
(19)
−3
(27)
2
(36)
1
(34)
0
(32)
−7
(19)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 132
(5.2)
86
(3.39)
79
(3.11)
41
(1.61)
13
(0.51)
5
(0.2)
2
(0.08)
7
(0.28)
20
(0.79)
85
(3.35)
114
(4.49)
142
(5.59)
726
(28.58)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 21 16.5 14.8 7.5 2.9 1.5 0.6 1.9 5.3 15.5 19.1 22.9 129.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 250.1 224.8 238.8 236.9 276.0 266.9 283.9 284.1 280.8 269.5 248.7 263.9 3,124.4
Source #1: meteoblue[16]
Source #2: World Meteorological Organisation (UN)[17]

Main places[edit]

Road sign: Ekurhuleni
Ekurhuleni 2001 population density map

The 2001 census divided the municipality into the following main places:[18]

Place Code Area (km2) Population Most spoken languages
Alberton 77301 80.45 89,392 Afrikaans 49%, English 38%
Bapsfontein 77302 0.31 936 Zulu 34%, Pedi 17%, Sotho 13%
Bedfordview 77303 15.43 21,294 English 71%,
Benoni 77304 187.99 94,341 English 46%, Afrikaans 24%, Zulu 12%
Boksburg 77305 164.05 158,649 Afrikaans 30%, English 22%, Zulu 15%
Brakpan 77306 196.35 62,113 Afrikaans 55%, English 15%, Zulu 13%
Cerutiville 77307 0.41 2,151 Zulu 67%, Afrikaans 12%, Sotho 12%
Chief Albert Lutuli Park 77308 1.12 2,896 Zulu 44%, Pedi 15%, Sotho 12%, Xhosa 11%
Daveyton 77309 14.17 131,390 Zulu 40%, Pedi 16%, Xhosa 12%, Sotho 11%
Duduza 77310 10.74 71,960 Zulu 63%, Sotho 19%
Dukathole 77311 1.07 18,537 Xhosa 26%, Zulu 25%, Pedi 18%, Sotho 11%
Edenvale 77312 20.38 40,624 English 74%
Etwatwa 77314 21.26 124,435 Zulu 47%, Pedi 13%, Tsonga 11%
Germiston 77315 129.14 139,719 Afrikaans 27%, English 26%, Zulu 13%, Xhosa 10%
Katlehong 77316 61.42 349,866 Zulu 39%, Sotho 25%, Xhosa 13%
Kempton Park 77317 158.50 117,271 Afrikaans 47%, English 28%
KwaThema 77318 13.93 99,517 Zulu 57%
Lindelani Village 77319 1.60 7,514 Zulu 41%, Pedi 20%
Nigel 77321 129.29 28,706 Afrikaans 51%, English 19%, Zulu 17%
Reiger Park 77322 5.70 36,004 Afrikaans 48%, Pedi 12%, Xhosa 11%
Springs 77323 172.18 80,776 Afrikaans 39%, English 21%, Zulu 14%
Tembisa 77324 32.44 348,693 Pedi 35%, Zulu 25%, Tsonga 12%
Thokoza 77325 8.65 85,106 Zulu 39%, Sotho 27%, Xhosa 20%
Tsakane 77326 29.74 144,289 Zulu 57%, Sotho 11%
Vosloorus 77327 28.65 150,277 Zulu 48%, Sotho 19%
Wattville 77328 4.78 49,927 Zulu 43%, English 16%, Sotho 10%
Remainder of the municipality 77313 420.74 18,795 Zulu 26%, Pedi 21%, Tsonga 14%, Sotho 10%

Parks and nature[edit]

Ekurhuleni has over 206 wetlands and lakes.

Germiston Lake is a natural pan in the Elsburgspruit system and has a catchment area of 1174ha. It is fed mostly by surface runoff water and stormwater drains. The lake is one of the cleanest bodies of water in South Africa.[citation needed] It has a size of 57.4 ha and a maximum capacity of 2839×. Its depth is approximately 8 metres.[19][20] On the banks of the lake are a recreational park with playground equipment and Braai areas as well as a rowing club and golf club.

A wetland of note is the Blesbokriver wetland which stretches over an area of 1858ha.[21]

Flamingoes can be found in the Marievale Bird sanctuary.

The Bullfrog Pan is almost 10 hectares and is home to more than 150 bird species.[22]

Landmarks[edit]

In 2017 the Chris Hani memorial at Thomas Nkobi Memorial Park in Boksburg was revealed during the 22nd commemoration of his death. The Chris Hani memorial site consists of the Monument, the Walk of Remembrance and the Wall of Remembrance which recognizes the historical events, places and people associated with the liberation struggle of South Africa.[22]

Chris Hani Monument in Ekurhuleni, Boksburg

The Thokoza Wall of Remembrance commemorates the people who died in the fight between the Inkatha Freedom Party and the residents.[22]

Arts and culture[edit]

Ekurhuleni has a rich cultural life. In 2017 the Thami Mnyele Fine arts award had its 30th anniversary.[23]

The local music scene is well and alive and Ekurhuleni gave rise to a few notable music stars.

O.R. Tambo Narrative Centre tells visitors all about the lives and contributions of the Tambo couple towards the dismantling of Apartheid in South Africa. It is situated on the banks of the Leeupan Wetland. It also has an exhibition of environmental education aimed at children.

Since 2016 Ekurhuleni has hosted the Ekurhuleni International Film Festival.[24]

Demographics[edit]

In 2016 3,379,104 people lived in Ekurhuleni, of whom 22.7% were under 15 years old, 71.2% were between the ages of 15-64 and 6.1% were older than 65 years old. Ekurhuleni had 1,299,490 households with an average people per household number of 2.6. 80.2% of people lived in formal dwellings and 52.9% owned housing.[25]

The following statistics are from the 2014 census.[26]

Ekurhuleni 2001 dominant language map
Population pyramid 2011
% Males Age Females %
n/d
 
85+
 
n/d
n/d
 
80–84
 
n/d
0.53
 
75–79
 
0.89
0.65
 
70–74
 
0.74
1.04
 
65–69
 
1.07
1.46
 
60–64
 
1.47
1.95
 
55–59
 
1.91
2.37
 
50–54
 
2.26
3.02
 
45–49
 
2.65
3.72
 
40–44
 
3.18
4.87
 
35–39
 
4.18
5.75
 
30–34
 
5.05
5.59
 
25–29
 
5.13
4.04
 
20–24
 
4.01
3.21
 
15–19
 
3.29
3.67
 
10–14
 
3.69
4.41
 
5–9
 
4.40
4.87
 
0–4
 
4.90
Language Population %
IsiZulu 908 002 28.81%
English 377 935 11.99%
Afrikaans 375 611 11.8%
Sepedi 359 245 11.40%
Sesotho 315 806 10.02%
IsiXhosa 252 757 8.02%
TsiTsonga 208 865 6.63%
Setswana 90 307 2.87%
Other 81 878 2.60%
IsiNdebele 75 150 2.38%
Tshivenda 48 227 1.53%
SiSwati 44 967 1.43%
Sign Language . 0.4%

Gender[edit]

The Rhodesfield suburb of Kempton Park
Gender Population %
Male 1 627 724 51.21%
Female 1 550 747 48.79%

Ethnic groups[edit]

A street in Lakefield
Ethnic group Population %
Black African 2 502 769 78.74%
White 502 439 15.81%
Coloured 85 910 2.70%
Indian/Asian 68 058 2.14%
The CBD of Benoni

Education[edit]

Ekurhuleni has two school districts: Ekurhuleni North and Ekurhuleni South.[27] There are 671 schools in Ekurhuleni, of which 137 are independent.[28][29] Ekurhuleni has two colleges of further education and training (FET)[30][31] as well as two centres of adult education and training (AET).[32] There are plans to establish a university in Ekurhuleni.[33]

Politics[edit]

The city has scored best in governance out of all metros in South Africa.[34]

The municipal council consists of 224 members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. 112 are elected by first-past-the-post voting in 112 wards, while the remaining 112 are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received. In the election of 3 August 2016 the African National Congress (ANC) lost its majority on the council for the first time. The ANC subsequently formed a coalition with the African Independent Congress (AIC), the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) and the Patriotic Alliance (PA).

The following table shows the results of the 2016 election.[35][36]

Party Votes Seats
Ward List Total % Ward List Total
African National Congress 436,190 438,961 875,151 48.6 76 33 109
Democratic Alliance 307,664 306,709 614,373 34.2 35 42 77
Economic Freedom Fighters 102,242 99,770 202,012 11.2 1 24 25
African Independent Congress 14,709 14,810 29,519 1.6 0 4 4
Inkatha Freedom Party 8,940 9,345 18,285 1.0 0 2 2
Freedom Front Plus 7,991 8,059 16,050 0.9 0 2 2
African Christian Democratic Party 3,908 3,754 7,662 0.4 0 1 1
Pan Africanist Congress 3,836 3,743 7,579 0.4 0 1 1
Patriotic Alliance 2,272 2,499 4,771 0.3 0 1 1
Congress of the People 2,209 2,504 4,713 0.3 0 1 1
Independent Ratepayers Association of SA 3,067 1,219 4,286 0.2 0 1 1
Independent 3,675 3,675 0.2 0 0
United Democratic Movement 1,435 2,109 3,544 0.2 0 0 0
Others 2,283 5,298 7,581 0.4 0 0 0
Total 900,421 898,780 1,799,201 100.0 112 112 224
Spoilt votes 16,086 15,783 31,869

Economy[edit]

As of 2014 the GDP of Ekurhuleni was estimated at over US$ 55 billion (PPP), being US$17,361 per person.[5] Ekurhuleni has an active workforce of 1.6 million people of whom 28.8% are unemployed.[26] Ekurhuleni makes up 6.2% of national production.

Ekurhuleni has in Rand Refinery the largest integrated single-site precious metals refining and smelting complex in the world.[37]

Airways Park, the head office of South African Airways
Professor John D. Kasarda with Ekurhuleni mayor Mondli Gungubele

Manufacturing[edit]

The city is an important manufacturing centre in South Africa, contributing 32% of manufacturing production.[38] The city has been described as "the workshop of the country".[39] It contributes 11% to the GVA of South Africa.[40]

Ekurhuleni has held the "Manufacturing Indaba" Conference every year since 2014. This two-day conference provides contacts and networking between business owners, industry owners, capital providers, experts and the government.[41]

Infrastructure[edit]

Road network[edit]

Ekurhuleni is connected to the main motorways in South Africa via the M2,N3,N17,R21, R24, R59. The road network in Ekurhuleni spans 8,024 km of paved roads and approximately 1,200 km of gravel road.[42]

Public transport[edit]

Ekurhuleni is one of 13 cities and towns in South Africa to implement the bus rapid transit (BRT) system. Phase 1 of the project runs from Tembisa to Vosloorus via Kempton Park and the OR Tambo International Airport. New routes have been integrated from Katlehong to Rhodesfield, from Vosloorus to Rhodesfield, and from Reiger Park to Rhodesfield.[43] Passengers are served by Metrorail which sustains the passenger rail network in the Western Cape, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Cape. Seven train lines serve Ekurhuleni.[44]

Rail[edit]

Ekurhuleni has the largest rail hub in South Africa used by Transnet.[38]

Aviation[edit]

Ekurhuleni aerotropolis

Several airline companies are headquartered in the Kempton Park area of Ekurhuleni.

Ekurhuleni is Gauteng's first aerotropolis.[45] This is a metropolis with an airport at its centre. One should be able to get to the airport from anywhere in Ekurhuleni in 25 min. The major aim will be logistics and connecting the local industry and agriculture to the world markets.

O.R. Tambo International Airport has two terminals handling domestic and international flights. Terminal A handles international traffic and Terminal B domestic flights. The airport services airlines from all five continents and plays a vital role in serving the local, regional, intra- and inter-continental air transport needs of South Africa and sub-Saharan Africa. It is the biggest and busiest airport in Africa. OR Tambo International handles more than 20 million passengers per year and employs more than 18,000 people.[46]

South African Airways, the flagship air carrier of South Africa, and its subsidiary South African Express Airways have their head offices in Ekurhuleni.[6][47][48] Mango, a low cost airline owned by SAA, is headquartered on the grounds of OR Tambo International Airport.[49]

The headquarters of Comair and Kulula.com are at an intersection within Ekurhuleni in close proximity to OR Tambo International Airport.[50][51] Federal Air also has its headquarters on the OR Tambo International Airport grounds.[52] 1Time has its head office in the Isando Industrial Park.[53] Safair's head office is in Kempton Park.[54]

Airports Company South Africa has its head office in Bedfordview, Ekurhuleni.[55] TAAG Angola Airlines has an office in Bedfordview.[56]

Stormwater systems[edit]

There are 11,318 stormwater systems and a total lengths of pipes and channels of more than 3800 km.[42]

Sports and recreation[edit]

Ekurhuleni has at least 16 golf courses and is home to the international Golf Tournament the South African Open held at Glendower Golf Club.[57]

There is an over 100 year old rowing club at the bank of Germiston Lake,[58] and over 30 swimming pools can be found in the city.[59]

Ekurhuleni United FC play in the fourth division of South African Football.[60]

Ekurhuleni has the Ekurhuleni masters league, a soccer league of retired pros and talented players who didn't make the cut.[61]

38 eco "outdoor gyms" can be found in Ekurhuleni.

Notable people from Ekurhuleni[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "As it happened: ANC wins Ekurhuleni municipality mayoral race".
  2. ^ "Contact list: Executive Mayors". Government Communication & Information System. Archived from the original on 14 July 2010. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Statistics by place". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
  4. ^ "Statistics by place". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
  5. ^ a b c "Global city GDP 2014". Brookings Institution. Retrieved 7 November 2017. East Rand
  6. ^ a b "Background[permanent dead link]." Ekurhuleni. 3 (3/8). Retrieved on 30 September 2009.
  7. ^ "IDP & SDBIP 2013/14". Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality. 2013. p. 11.
  8. ^ "DA wins court case - Heidelberg Nigel Heraut". 22 September 2015.
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  13. ^ |page5
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  37. ^ www.sonaruniversal.co.za, Susan Craig, Sonar Universal,. "About Us : Our Company". www.randrefinery.com.
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  40. ^ CITY OF EKURHULENI [@City_Ekurhuleni] (27 June 2017). "Manufacturing in #InvestCoE Constitutes 27,9 % GVA and 11% SA's GVA. #MI2017" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
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  59. ^ "EKURHULENI COMMUNITY POOLS READY AND SET FOR THE SWIMMING SEASON".
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Sources[edit]

External links[edit]