El Gölü (Azerbaijani:El Gölü, ائل گؤلو; Persian:ائل گلی), also known as Shah Gölü (Persian: شاه گلی, Azerbaijani: Şah Gölü) is the name of a large historic park containing an artificial lake in south east of Tabriz, Iran. Shah Gulu's artificial lake is a rectangular lake surrounded by four side walks and a stripe of flowers in its four sides. In the middle of lake a building representing the traditional architecture of Tabriz is located. The building in the center of the lake is connected to the northern side walk of the lake. In South of the lake there is a hill covered by trees. Two stairways connect the side walks to the top of the hill. At top of the hill there is a building with modern architecture (Hotel Pars building). There is also a funfair next to the park.
The early history of the El-Gölü is not clear. However, it seems that the lake originally was used as a water resource for agricultural purposes. During Qajar dynasty when Tabriz used to be the residence of crown prince of Iran, there was an artificial island with a small palace in the middle of the lake which was used as royal summer palace for royal family. During 2nd Pahlavi's the palace was reconstructed and a pass-way was built to connect the island to the northern sidewalk of the lake.
The lake and the palace in the center was originally named as Shah Gölü, the royal lake (it also means the big lake as Shah means the main or big). After the revolution on 1979 when the monarchy toppled the park and the surrounding renamed as El Gölü, lake of the people.
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- City of Tabriz on Iran Chamber Society (www.iranchamber.com)
- Editorial Board, East Azarbaijan Geography, Iranian Ministry of Education, 2000 (High School Text Book in Persian)
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