El Alto International Airport

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El Alto International Airport

Aeropuerto Internacional El Alto
El Alto International Airport, New Terminal.jpeg
Main terminal
Summary
Airport typePublic / Military
OwnerGovernment of Bolivia
OperatorSABSA S.A.
ServesLa Paz, Bolivia
LocationEl Alto, Bolivia
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL4,061.5 m / 13,325 ft
Coordinates16°30′48″S 068°11′32″W / 16.51333°S 68.19222°W / -16.51333; -68.19222Coordinates: 16°30′48″S 068°11′32″W / 16.51333°S 68.19222°W / -16.51333; -68.19222
Websitewww.sabsa.aero
Map
LPB is located in Bolivia
LPB
LPB
Location of airport in Bolivia
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
10R/28L 4,000 13,123 Asphalt
10L/28R 2,050 6,725 Grass
Statistics (2013)
Passengers1,793,668
Source: SABSA,[1]Airport Statistics

El Alto International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional El Alto) (IATA: LPB, ICAO: SLLP) is an international airport serving La Paz, Bolivia. It is located in the city of El Alto,[2] 8 mi (13 km) west of La Paz.[3] At an altitude of 4,061.5 m (13,325 ft), it is the highest international airport and the fifth highest commercial airport in the world.[4]

The airport has been in service since the first half of the 20th century, but was modernized in the late 1960s, when its runway was lengthened and a new passenger terminal with modern facilities was built. The new airport was inaugurated in 1965.[5] El Alto airport was a primary hub for the former Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano, Bolivia's flag carrier which ceased operations in 2007 and is a hub for Línea Aérea Amaszonas. It serves also as a focus city for Boliviana de Aviación which is a state-owned airline.[6]

History[edit]

The airport during the 1960s. A LAB Boeing 727-100 is seen in the foreground with the old terminal and its iconic Inca façade in the background.
Old terminal.

Bolivia is characterized by an extremely varied terrain including rugged mountains, high plateaus, low valleys and tropical forests; this topography has had a negative effect on national transportation, making communication difficult between elevated and low cities along with isolated tropical towns. Aviation is an important solution for isolated communities in this environment.

Bolivian air transport started in 1916, when the Military school of Aviation (Spanish: Escuela Militar de Aviación) was formed in La Paz. In 1929 the local La Paz Government first planned the construction of an airport. However it was not officially inaugurated until the 1960s. In 1974 the airport was reconstructed, a new terminal was built and its facilities were enlarged and modernized.[7] Until 1999 the airport had John F. Kennedy (JFK) as its official name although in practice this name was never publicly used. In that year, before the pressure of different sectors, by means of the Law 1944 during the government of Hugo Banzer Suárez the airport changed its name officially to El Alto International Airport.

Modernization[edit]

In 2006, SABSA (Spanish: Servicios Aeroportuarios Bolivianos S.A.) invested nearly 2.3 million dollars in the reconstruction of the main terminal.[8] The new terminal consists of the enlargement, reshaping and construction of the baggage claim room, the check-in area and the corridor to the air bridges. The administrative offices of AASANA as well as the main hall and the international area were completely modernized.[9]

Characteristics[edit]

At more than 13,000 ft above sea level, El Alto is one of the highest international airports in the world

The new terminal includes various shops offering Bolivian handicrafts as well as bookstores, and duty-free shops. There are also restaurants and cafes in the main lobby and in both domestic and international departure areas.

The airport has two runways: The main one "10R/28L" has a concrete surface and is 4,000 metres (13,123 ft) long, allowing large aircraft operations at higher altitudes. A second runway, "10L/28R" is located parallel to the main runway and has a grass surface. The airport is equipped with VOR/DME, DVOR/DME navigation systems, as well as ILS CAT I approach systems.

El Alto is the world's highest international airport, located at 4,062 metres (13,327 ft) above sea level. The average temperature at the airport is 6 °C (43 °F). Because of the thin high altitude air, most commercial wide-body aircraft such as the Boeing 747 and Airbus A330 cannot operate at full load out of El Alto International Airport. As a result, much of the international traffic to and from Bolivia operates out of Viru Viru International Airport in Santa Cruz de la Sierra which is located at a much lower altitude, allowing heavy aircraft operations.

Flight testing[edit]

As one of the world's highest-altitude airports, El Alto offers features taken advantage of by aircraft manufacturers such as Airbus and Boeing to test high-altitude takeoff and landing. Modern aircraft such as the Airbus A350 XWB and Boeing 787 have used El Alto to perform flight tests for their certification processes.[10][11]

Operators[edit]

From 1997, the airport was managed by TBI plc which owned concessions of the three biggest airports in the country: El Alto International Airport, Jorge Wilstermann International Airport and Viru Viru International Airport through its subsidiary Servicio de Aeropuertos Bolivianos S.A. (SABSA). In 1999 Airport Group International was purchased by TBI plc. In 2004, the company was acquired by the Spanish conglomerate Abertis, hence taking ownership of SABSA. In February 2013, the Government of Bolivia announced the nationalization of SABSA, taking full ownership and operations of Bolivia's main international gateways.[12][13]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

The new terminal is used for both domestic and international flights.
Domestic departures and waiting area in the old terminal.
AirlinesDestinations
Amaszonas Iquique, Rurrenabaque, Santa Cruz de la Sierra–Viru Viru, Uyuni
Seasonal: Cuzco[14]
Avianca Bogotá, Washington-Dulles1
Avianca Ecuador Guayaquil2, Lima
Boliviana de Aviación Cobija, Cochabamba, Potosí, Santa Cruz de la Sierra–Viru Viru, Sucre, Trinidad, Tarija, Uyuni
EcoJet Cobija, Guayaramerín, Riberalta, Trinidad, Cochabamba
LATAM Chile Santiago de Chile
LATAM Perú Cuzco, Lima

Notes:

  • ^1 : Avianca's flight to Washington, D.C. makes a stop in Bogotá.
  • ^2 : Avianca's flight to Guayaquil makes a stop in Lima.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 14 July 1970, Douglas DC-3 TAM-17 of TAM – Transporte Aéreo Militar was damaged beyond repair in an accident.[15]
  • On 4 May 1971, Douglas C-47 TAM-22 of TAM – Transporte Aéreo Militar crashed shortly after take-off on a cargo flight to El Jovi Airport.[16]
  • On 17 September 1972, Douglas C-47A CP-565 of Aerolíneas Abaroa crashed on take-off. The aircraft was operating a non-scheduled passenger flight. All four people on board survived.[17]
  • On 25 November 1976, Douglas C-47 CP-755 of Aerolíneas La Paz was damaged beyond economic repair in a landing accident. The aircraft was on a cargo flight, all four people on board survived.[18]
  • On 1 January 1985, Eastern Air Lines Flight 980 from Asuncion hit Mount Illimani during its descent towards El Alto, killing all 29 people on board the Boeing 727-225; the flight was scheduled to continue to Lima, Guayaquil, Panama City, Miami, and Chicago.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sabsa - Aeropuerto El Alto". Archived from the original on 31 May 2011. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
  2. ^ "El Alto - La Paz". Retrieved 31 October 2017.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "La Paz Airport (LPB) guide to buses, taxis and trains at El Alto International Airport". www.wordtravels.com. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
  4. ^ "The Highest International Airport In The World - Grand Escapades". 26 October 2007. Archived from the original on 13 December 2013. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
  5. ^ "El Alto Airport and La Paz" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 26 March 2012. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
  6. ^ "AeroSur Hub". Archived from the original on 17 March 2012.
  7. ^ http://www.gobernacionlapaz.gob.bo:8001/simit/sistema/ficha_turistica/fichaturistica.php?atr_id=254[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ (in Spanish) http://www.mirabolivia.com/foro_total.php?id_foro_ini=51639 Archived 14 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine Con una inversión de 2,3 millones de dólares
  9. ^ (in Spanish) http://www.mirabolivia.com/foro_total.php?id_foro_ini=51639 Archived 14 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ "A350 XWB in Bolivia for high altitude testing". www.airbus.com. 9 January 2014. Archived from the original on 27 June 2015.
  11. ^ "Boeing 787 Nears FAA Approval as Flight Tests Are Completed". www.bloomberg.com. 17 August 2011. Archived from the original on 19 October 2017.
  12. ^ "Bolivia nationalizes Spanish-owned airports operator". www.reuters.com. Reuters. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
  13. ^ "Evo Morales, Bolivia President, Nationalizes Spanish-Owned Airport Company SABSA". www.thehuffingtonpost.com. The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on 26 June 2015. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 July 2018. Retrieved 16 December 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ "TAM-17 Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
  16. ^ "TAM-22 Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on 11 October 2010. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
  17. ^ "CP-565 Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on 14 October 2010. Retrieved 7 September 2010.
  18. ^ "CP-755 Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on 2 November 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2010.

External links[edit]

Media related to El Alto International Airport at Wikimedia Commons

Records
Preceded by
None
World's highest airport
4,061 m (13,323 ft)

1965–1994
Succeeded by
Qamdo Bamda Airport