The cut and articulated figure of El Peludo (President Yrigoyen) used in the movie
|Directed by||Quirino Cristiani|
|Produced by||Federico Valle|
|Written by||Quirino Cristiani|
|November 9, 1917|
|70 minutes (14 frame/s)|
El Apóstol (Spanish: "The Apostle") is a 1917 lost Argentine animated film utilizing cutout animation, and the world's first animated feature film and was found in 2001. It was directed and produced respectively by Italian immigrants Quirino Cristiani and Federico Valle.
The film was written by Alfonso de Laferrere  and directed by Quirino Cristiani. The film consisted of a total of 58,000 frames played over the course of 70 minutes (at 14 frames per second).
The film was a satire, with President Hipólito Yrigoyen ascending to the heavens to use Jupiter's thunderbolts to cleanse Buenos Aires of immorality and corruption. The result is a burnt city. The film was well received by critics at the time and a commercial success. A fire that destroyed producer Federico Valle's film studio incinerated the only known copy of El Apóstol, and so it is now considered a lost film.
A 2007 documentary Quirino Cristiani: The mystery of the first animated movies, directed by Italian animator Gabriele Zuchelli researches the history of the studio and recreates the look and technique used in El Apóstol.
- "El Apóstol". www.bcdb.com, May 4, 2011
- Bendazzi, Giannalberto. Cartoons: One Hundred Years of Cinema Animation. N.p.: Indiana UP, 1995. Print.
- Finkielman, Jorge. The Film Industry in Argentina: An Illustrated Cultural History. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2004. Print.
- Quirino Cristiani, The Untold Story of Argentina's Pioneer Animator
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