El Borma

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El Borma
Commune and town
Location of El Borma commune within Ouargla Province
Location of El Borma commune within Ouargla Province
El Borma is located in Algeria
El Borma
El Borma
Location of El Borma within Algeria
Coordinates: 31°39′23″N 9°10′45″E / 31.65639°N 9.17917°E / 31.65639; 9.17917Coordinates: 31°39′23″N 9°10′45″E / 31.65639°N 9.17917°E / 31.65639; 9.17917
Country  Algeria
Province Ouargla Province
District El Borma District
 • Total 47,261 km2 (18,248 sq mi)
Elevation 252 m (827 ft)
Population (2008)[2]
 • Total 3,205
 • Density 0.068/km2 (0.18/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)

El Borma (Arabic: اﻟﺒﺮﻣﺔ‎) is a town and commune, which is coextensive with El Borma District, in Ouargla Province, Algeria. According to the 2008 census it has a population of 3,250,[2] up from 1,997 in 1998.[3] and an annual population growth rate of 4.9%, the second highest in the province.[2] The town is located on the border with Tataouine Governorate, Tunisia.


El Borma is located amidst the vast sand dunes of the Grand Erg Oriental in eastern Algeria. The location is notable for its underground petroleum reservoirs.


El Borma has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh) with long, extremely hot summers and short, warm winters. The climate is similar to the one of Ouargla. Daytime temperatures are soaring during summer months as they consistently turn around 45 °C (113 °F) between June and September.


El Borma's economy is supported by the petroleum industry, due to the oil fields in the area. Grazing is also significant, although limited because of the marginal plant life in the area. Agriculture is currently unfeasible due to the lack of sufficient water supplies.[1]


El Borma is an isolated town, with no significant settlements or major roads nearby. A local road leads west to Hassi Messaoud about 300 kilometres (190 mi) to the west, and branches off to the south, reaching Ghadames in Libya and Debdeb in Illizi Province about 180 kilometres (110 mi) to the south.

The town is served by El Borma Airport across the border in Tunisia.[4]


1.6% of the population has a tertiary education (the lowest in the province), and another 3.5% has completed secondary education.[5] The overall literacy rate is 42.6%, and is 54.7% among males and 28.5% among females. All three rates are the lowest in the province.[6]


The commune is composed of eight localities:[7]

  • El Borma
  • Rhoud El Baguel
  • El Masder
  • Bordj Saïf Fatima
  • Bordj Bir El Djedid
  • Bordj Bir Larache
  • Keskassa
  • Erg Yagoub


  1. ^ a b "Official website of the province of Ouargla - El Borma" (in Arabic). Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Population: Ouargla Wilaya" (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 24 February 2013. 
  3. ^ "Algeria Communes". Statoids. Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  4. ^ "El Borma Airport". OurAirports. Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  5. ^ "Structure relative de la population résidente des ménages ordinaires et collectifs âgée de 6 ans et plus selon le niveau d'instruction et la commune de résidence." (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  6. ^ "Taux d'analphabétisme et taux d'alphabétisation de la population âgée de 15 ans et plus, selon le sexe et la commune de résidence ." (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  7. ^ "Décret n° 84-365, fixant la composition, la consistance et les limites territoriale des communes. Wilaya d'El Oued" (in French). Journal officiel de la République Algérienne,. 19 December 1984. p. 1551. Archived from the original on 2 March 2013 or before. Retrieved 2 March 2013.  Check date values in: |archivedate= (help)

Neighbouring towns and cities