El Cenizo, Texas
Location of El Cenizo, Texas
|• Type||Mayor/city manager|
|• Mayor||Raul Reyes|
|• City||0.5 sq mi (1.3 km2)|
|• Land||0.5 sq mi (1.2 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (.1 km2) 1.4%|
|• Metro||161.76 sq mi (418.96 km2)|
|Elevation||450 ft (137.2 m)|
|• Density||6,500/sq mi (2,500/km2)|
|• Metro density||3,900/sq mi (1,500/km2)|
|metro area includes Laredo, Texas, Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas, Rio Bravo, Texas, El Cenizo, Texas, Laredo Ranchettes, Texas. Larga Vista, Texas, Ranchos Penitas West, Texas, & La Presa, Texas|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CST (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1377764|
Laredo: Laredo International Airport KLRD LRD
Nuevo Laredo: Quetzalcoatl International Airport MMNL NLD
In 1999  and again in May, 2006, El Cenizo gained national attention when it was widely reported that the city had Spanish as its official language. In an interview on a national cable news network held on May 23, 2006, its mayor defended the decision, but said that official business was now conducted in both English and Spanish. He also said that while he supported English as the common and unifying language of the United States, he believed that any attempt to make English that "official" national language would have a discriminatory effect against bilingual programs.
El Cenizo is located at (27.328442, -99.496658).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.5 square mile (1.4 km²), of which 0.5 square mile (1.3 km²) is land and 1.89% is covered by water.
As of the census of 2000, 3,545 people, 730 households, and 680 families resided in the city. The population density was 6,919.6 people per square mile (2,683.8/km²). The 811 housing units averaged 1,583.0/sq mi (614.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 80.73% White, 0.28% African American, 1.07% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 14.67% from other races, and 3.19% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 98.90% of the population.
Of the 730 households, 72.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.8% were married couples living together, 19.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 6.8% were not families; 6.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.86 and the average family size was 5.04.
In the city, the population was distributed as 48.9% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 10.9% from 45 to 64, and 3.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 18 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $13,333, and for a family was $13,438. Males had a median income of $14,200 versus $10,625 for females. The per capita income for the city was $3,610. About 66.3% of families and 68.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 74.3% of those under age 18 and 60.0% of those age 65 or over.
El Cenizo is served by the United Independent School District.
El Cenizo is a Type C General Law city. It has a city commission form of government, which includes a mayor and two city commissioners elected at large. The city is currently home to the state's youngest mayor. Raul Reyes was elected in 2004 at the age of 21. At 26, Mayor Reyes was serving his third term.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Census 2010: El Cenizo, Texas Archived March 5, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
- USA Today archives
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.