El Dabaa

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El Dabaa
الضبعة
Town
Location of El Dabaa
Country  Egypt
Governorate Matrouh
Time zone EST (UTC+2)

El Dabaa (Arabic: الضبعة‎  pronounced [edˈdɑbʕɑ]) is a city in the Matrouh Governorate, Egypt. It lies 296 kilometres (184 mi) from Cairo on the north coast and is served by the El Alamain International Airport. It is famous for the proposed nuclear power plant that is intended to be constructed in the city.[1]

El Dabaa has been targeted by protesters who are claiming that their land was wrongly taken by the government to make way for the nuclear plant. As of 2012, and as a result of those protests, the site has been shut down.[2] The protests that targeted El Dabaa was ended by the court announcing that they have the right in the land.[citation needed]

El Dabaa Nuclear Project[edit]

The residents of El Dabaa decided to give up the land.[3] The Armed Forces thanked the residents of El-Dabaa for their contributions in handing over the land allocated for the establishment of nuclear power plant. In a statement released on 30 September 2013, Egyptian Army spokesman Ahmed Mohammed Ali said that the Army is committed to taking the necessary procedures to compensate those affected from the project.[4]

On 7 November 2013 President Adly Mansour announced that the nuclear power program will be restarted.[3] On 14 November 2013, a spokesman for the electricity ministry named Aktham Abouelela stated that the tender to build the reactor will begin in January 2014,[5] though it has been delayed until the end of 2014.[6] The target year for operation is 2019; the plant would be used for 6 years.[7] The plant would function as a light water reactor and would have a capacity of 950 to 1,650 megawatts.[7]

In November 2015 and March 2017 Egypt signed preliminary agreements with Russian nuclear company Rosatom for a first VVER-1200 unit to start in 2024.[8][9][10] In November 2017 preliminary contracts for the construction of four VVER-1200 units were signed in the presence of Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi and Russian President Vladimir Putin.[11]

Climate[edit]

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot desert (BWh), but it is highly moderated by its proximity to the Mediterranean Sea along the northern coast of Egypt.

Climate data for El Dabaa
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 28.6
(83.5)
30.9
(87.6)
38.2
(100.8)
43.2
(109.8)
47.1
(116.8)
46.8
(116.2)
39.0
(102.2)
41.8
(107.2)
40.0
(104)
37.7
(99.9)
32.6
(90.7)
28.3
(82.9)
47.1
(116.8)
Average high °C (°F) 17.8
(64)
18.7
(65.7)
20.4
(68.7)
23.6
(74.5)
26
(79)
28.5
(83.3)
29.4
(84.9)
30
(86)
28.9
(84)
26.7
(80.1)
23.2
(73.8)
19.7
(67.5)
24.4
(75.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.8
(55)
13.7
(56.7)
15
(59)
17.8
(64)
20.6
(69.1)
23.8
(74.8)
25.4
(77.7)
25.8
(78.4)
24.5
(76.1)
22
(72)
18.2
(64.8)
14.4
(57.9)
19.5
(67.1)
Average low °C (°F) 7.8
(46)
8.1
(46.6)
9.7
(49.5)
12.1
(53.8)
14.6
(58.3)
18.2
(64.8)
20.7
(69.3)
21
(70)
19.5
(67.1)
16.6
(61.9)
13
(55)
9.3
(48.7)
14.2
(57.6)
Record low °C (°F) 0.9
(33.6)
2.8
(37)
3.1
(37.6)
5.6
(42.1)
8.4
(47.1)
11.6
(52.9)
14.5
(58.1)
15.6
(60.1)
13.7
(56.7)
11.4
(52.5)
7.4
(45.3)
1.8
(35.2)
0.9
(33.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 32
(1.26)
18
(0.71)
8
(0.31)
2
(0.08)
2
(0.08)
1
(0.04)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.04)
12
(0.47)
15
(0.59)
28
(1.1)
119
(4.69)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 3.4 1.4 1.0 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.0 1.3 2.6 11.3
Average relative humidity (%) 67 65 67 64 66 67 69 69 66 65 64 64 66.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 200.7 205.4 255.7 279.4 317.3 356.4 374.0 354.9 313.8 274.9 228.0 205.0 3,365.5
Source: NOAA[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cairo prepares El Dabaa nuclear power site
  2. ^ Sharon Weinberger (17 July 2013). "Radioactive material stolen in Egypt". Nature. 
  3. ^ a b "Mansour revives plan for nuclear power plant on Egyptian coast". Ahram Online. 7 November 2013. 
  4. ^ "Egypt: Armed Forces Thank Dabaa Residents". Egypt State Information Service. 1 October 2013. 
  5. ^ "Egypt to seek bids for first nuclear plant". Daily News Egypt. 14 November 2013. 
  6. ^ "Nuclear plant tender to launch by year's end; winning country to finance project: El-Osery". Daily News Egypt. 20 July 2014. 
  7. ^ a b "Ministry plans to put nuclear plant construction to tender". Mada Masr. 15 November 2013. 
  8. ^ Ezzidin, Toqa (29 November 2015). "El-Dabaa nuclear station to generate electricity in 2024: Prime Minister". Daily News. Egypt. Retrieved 22 March 2017. 
  9. ^ "Egypt and Russia agree on two contracts for El Dabaa NPP". Nuclear Engineering International. 20 March 2017. Retrieved 22 March 2017. 
  10. ^ Farag, Mohamed (14 March 2017). "Russia launches operations of nuclear unit similar to Dabaa units". Daily News. Egypt. Retrieved 26 March 2017. 
  11. ^ "'Notice to proceed' contracts signed for El Dabaa". World Nuclear News. 11 December 2017. Retrieved 12 December 2017. 
  12. ^ "Dabaa Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved April 5, 2015. 

Coordinates: 31°02′N 28°26′E / 31.033°N 28.433°E / 31.033; 28.433