El Dorado, Venezuela
|Founded||2 March 1894|
El Dorado is a small town in eastern Venezuela. It is situated in Bolívar State, on the Cuyuni River. It is the second-largest town in Sifontes Municipality; the capital of the municipality is Tumeremo.
El Dorado was founded in the 1890s. Gold mining was developing in the area, and there was a background of international tension caused by the Essequibo border dispute between Venezuela and Britain.
The town has a prison, the Centro Penitenciario de Oriente El Dorado. The Venezuelan prison system is generally overcrowded, and El Dorado prison has been described in the British press as "notorious". In 2015 the Venezuelan press reported the completion of a stage in a project to expand the prison, providing new facilities for the rehabilitation of offenders.
- Henri Charrière. The prison is mentioned in the book Papillon. While the accuracy of the book has been questioned, it is not disputed that its author, Henri Charrière, was imprisoned in Venezuela in the 1940s, an epoch when the prisoners were assigned to mobile detention camps.
- "Crowded and grim: Inside Venezuela's prisons". Council on Hemispheric Affairs. August 23, 2011.
- "Venezuela prison riot claims 42 lives". The Independent. 1997. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
- "Frank tells of hell in prison". Crewe Chronicle.
- "Inauguran ampliación de cárcel de El Dorado". Correo del Caroni (in Spanish). January 2015. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- "Dead writer casts doubt". Financial Times. Retrieved 2017-07-30. (subscription required)
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