El General

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El General
El general.jpg
Background information
GenresReggae en Español, reggaeton, ragga
Years active1990–2004
LabelsRCA International/BMG, Rodven/PolyGram, Polydor/PolyGram, Lideres Records

Edgardo Armando Franco, better known as El General, was a Panamanian reggae artist considered by some to be one of the fathers of "Reggae Español".[citation needed] During the early 1990s, he was one of the artists who initiated the Spanish-language dancehall variety of reggae music. Early examples of this were the international and somewhat mainstream songs, “Te Ves Buena” and “Tu Pun Pun”. Both songs, performed in Spanish deejaying style, were very successful in North America. After getting his foot in the door of the commercial market, many other Spanish-language dancehall reggae artists became famous in the mainstream as well.[1] He has a unique, easy to listen to style of dance music and has produced many well-known songs all over Latin America. His musical works have become popular in Latin America over the last few years. This style is called reggae en Español, because he makes dancehall reggae music with Spanish-language lyrics and is an early precursor to reggaeton.

Early history[edit]

El General began singing and composing songs at the age of 12 in Río Abajo, his home. After getting a scholarship, the young artist moved to the U.S. to study business administration, soon becoming a professional accountant. He started his career when he was 19 years old, and during 17 years, his albums achieved gold status 32 times and platinum 17 times, and several other awards. El General's type of music from Panama was very much plagiarized from the dancehall reggae of Jamaica. The popular music in Panama was called plena.[2]

Songs like "Muevelo" (1991), "Tu Pun Pun" (1988), "Rica y Apretadita" and "Te Ves Buena" are among his greatest hits. In 1992, El General received an MTV award for Best Latin Video with the great success of "Muevelo" produced by Pablo "Pabanor" Ortiz and Erick "More" Morillo.[3] In 1993, El General won the Rap Artist of the Year Award at the Lo Nuestro Awards.[4]

His breakout performance came in 1994, when he was featured on the song "Robi-Rob's Boriqua Anthem" from C+C Music Factory's album Anything Goes. During this time, he started working with Chino Rodriguez, a major entrepreneur in the Latin music industry, who convinced Franco a.k.a. El General (as his close friends and family would call him), to perform a salsa song before his performance of "Robi-Rob's Boriqua Anthem". The performance was at the world-famous Madison Square Garden produced by Ralph Mercado (owner of RMM Records and who always produced large Latino events in New York). The fans were surprised that El General (Franco) sang a salsa song as well as Ralph Mercado who gave El General more time in the tight schedule of stage allotment to do the salsa song before the scheduled performance of "Boriqua Anthem". Chino Rodriguez was able to convince Ralph Mercado to allow more time so that El General could surprise his fans.[citation needed]


In 2004, he announced his retirement from the music industry and returned to being a Jehovah's Witness in 2007.[5][6]


  • No Me Va a Matar (1988)
  • Estás Buena (1989)
  • Muevelo Con el General (1991)
  • "Son Bow" (1991)
  • "No Más Guerra" (1991)
  • El Poder del General (1992)
  • Es Mundial (1994)
  • Clubb 555 (1995)
  • Rapa Pan Pan (1997)
  • Move It Up (1998)
  • Grandes Éxitos (1998)
  • Colección Original (1998)
  • Serie 2000 (2000)
  • Back to the Original (2001)
  • IS BACK (2001)
  • General De Fiesta (2002)
  • El General: The Hits (2003)
  • To' Rap-Eao (2003)
  • La Ficha Clave (2004)



  1. ^ a b Santos, Mayra. 1996. "Puerto Rican Underground." Centro 8, no. 1 & 2: 219-231.
  2. ^ a b Marshall, Wayne. 2008. "Música Negra to Reggaeton Latino: The Cultural Politics of Nation, Migration, and Commercialization." 10
  3. ^ a b EL GENERAL BIOGRAPHY - Reggaeton Fever
  4. ^ "Lo Nuestro 1993 – Historia". Univision (in Spanish). Univision Communications, Inc. 1993. Archived from the original on June 9, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2013.
  5. ^ Edgardo Franco: Use Your Talent for Jehovah.
  6. ^ "Gobierno panameño annual passport diplomatic a Sean Connery". emol. 1 October 2004. Retrieved 28 July 2014.

External links[edit]