El Naranjo, San Luis Potosi

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El Naranjo
Municipality and town
Country  Mexico
State San Luis Potosí
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)

El Naranjo is a town and a municipality in San Luis Potosí in central Mexico.[1] The municipality, created in 1994, has an area of 834 square kilometres (322 sq mi) with a population of 20,495 in 2010, including the town of El Naranjo with a population of 10,562.[2] The town is located at 22°31′19″N 99°19′31″W / 22.52194°N 99.32528°W / 22.52194; -99.32528.

The Cascada de Minas Viejas in El Naranjo.
The Cascade El Meco, one of several waterfalls in El Naranjo municipality.

Geography[edit]

El Naranjo is located in an extensive area of tropical and semi-tropical mountains and lowlands called the La Huasteca after the Indian civilization and people inhabiting the region. The town of El Naranjo is in the foothills of the Sierra Madre Oriental. It received its name because previously an orchard of orange trees (naranjos) was located at the townsite. The municipality consists mostly of forested mountains with elevations of up to 5,000 feet (1,500 m) and valleys cultivated mostly in sugar cane. A large sugar refinery is located in the town of El Naranjo.[3]

El Naranjo is noted for three large waterfalls. El Salto, six miles (10 km) north of the town of El Naranjo, is on the river of the same name. The waterfall is 70 metres (230 ft) high. A hydro-electric plant drains water from the river and the falls are often dry except during the rainy season in the summer. Below the falls, a canal returns water to the river and for three miles the El Salto River is a "wonderful Class IV blue water river." Several small, 10 to 25 feet (3-8 mt) high waterfalls navigable by expert kayakers are in this section of the river.[4] The 38 metres (125 ft) high El Meco cascade is at the end of the three-mile stretch of rapids below El Salto. A stairway leads to observation points and a hotel and restaurant are near the falls.[5]

Below El Meco the El Salto River becomes less turbulent, running peacefully through a valley of sugar cane plantations near the town of El Naranjo. About nine miles (15 km) south of El Naranjo on a tributary of the El Salto River is the Cascada de Minas Viejas, with a 50 metres (160 ft) drop. Below the principal waterfall is a series of pools and smaller waterfalls dropping over travertine terraces. Minas Viejas is similar in appearance to Havasu Falls in the Grand Canyon of the United States, although the falls is surrounded by tropical, rather than desert, vegetation.[6]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for El Naranjo, San Luis Potosí. Elevation: 935 feet (285 m)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 24.3
(75.7)
26.5
(79.7)
29.9
(85.8)
33.1
(91.6)
34.3
(93.7)
34.2
(93.6)
32.9
(91.2)
33.3
(91.9)
31.8
(89.2)
29.5
(85.1)
27.0
(80.6)
24.3
(75.7)
30.1
(86.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 17.3
(63.1)
18.9
(66)
22.0
(71.6)
25.4
(77.7)
27.5
(81.5)
27.7
(81.9)
26.8
(80.2)
27.1
(80.8)
26.0
(78.8)
23.5
(74.3)
20.5
(68.9)
17.8
(64)
23.4
(74.1)
Average low °C (°F) 10.4
(50.7)
11.3
(52.3)
14.2
(57.6)
17.7
(63.9)
20.6
(69.1)
21.3
(70.3)
20.7
(69.3)
21.0
(69.8)
20.3
(68.5)
17.5
(63.5)
14.0
(57.2)
11.2
(52.2)
16.7
(62.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 22
(0.87)
21
(0.83)
22
(0.87)
36
(1.42)
92
(3.62)
245
(9.65)
235
(9.25)
190
(7.48)
234
(9.21)
86
(3.39)
40
(1.57)
25
(0.98)
1,247
(49.09)
Source: Weatherbase [7]

The climatic classification for El Naranjo is sub-tropical Cwa (Koppen) or Cwal (Trewartha).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "-". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Instituto Nacional para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal. Archived from the original on January 28, 2007. Retrieved January 11, 2010. 
  2. ^ "Catologo de Localidades" SEDESOL. http://www.microrregiones.gob.mx/catloc/LocdeMun.aspx?tipo=clave&campo=loc&ent=24&mun=058; "El Naranjo" Enciclopedia do las municipalides http://www.e-local.gob.mx/work/templates/enciclo/EMM24sanluispotosi/municipios/24058a.html, accessed 3 Apr 2013
  3. ^ Google Earth
  4. ^ "Rio Salto & Leap River -- Mexico" http://www.gapaddle.com/canoe-a-kayak-trip-reports/363-rio-salto-a-leap-river-mexico.html, accessed 4 Apr 2013
  5. ^ "Mexico: Huasteca Secreta, San Luis Potosi" http://wavejourney.com/destinations/mexico-huasteca-secreta-san-luis-potosi/, accessed 4 Apr 2013
  6. ^ "Waterfalls of the Huasteca" http://trans-americas.com/blog/2010/04/huasteca-waterfalls/, accessed 4 Apr 2013
  7. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for El Naranjo, San Luis Potosí". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.

Coordinates: 22°31′N 99°19′W / 22.517°N 99.317°W / 22.517; -99.317