El Paso, La Palma

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El Paso
Flag of El Paso
Flag
Official seal of El Paso
Seal
El Paso map.jpg
El Paso is located in Canary Islands
El Paso
El Paso
Location in Canary Islands
Coordinates: 28°39′N 17°53′W / 28.650°N 17.883°W / 28.650; -17.883Coordinates: 28°39′N 17°53′W / 28.650°N 17.883°W / 28.650; -17.883
CountrySpain
Autonomous communityCanary Islands
ProvinceSanta Cruz de Tenerife
IslandLa Palma
Area
 • Total135.92 km2 (52.48 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)[2]
 • Total7,543
 • Density55/km2 (140/sq mi)

El Paso, also known as Ciudad de El Paso, is a Spanish municipality located on the island of La Palma, province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands.

Geographically it is located in the center of the island of La Palma, covering to the west with the Caldera de Taburiente, part of the Aridane Valley, the Cumbre Nueva and the Cumbre Vieja. It is on the surface the largest municipality of the island, being the only one of the 14 municipalities of La Palma that lacks coastal strip. In 2016 it had a population of 7457 inhabitants.[3]

The nucleus of population had to have its origins in the pre-Hispanic stage of the island. Almost certainly, because of the engravings found in the area, it consisted of a first moment in a temporary settlement of Benahoarite shepherds.[4] During the colonization and almost throughout the Modern Age the present territory of the municipality was administratively part of the Aridane Valley. In 1837, under the reign of Alfonso XII, the municipality obtained the title of City, segregating of the Los Llanos de Aridane.[5]

At the summit of the municipality is the oldest canarian pine in the world, with an estimated age of more than 1000 years.[6]

History[edit]

Many footpaths already crisscrossed La Palma before the Spanish conquest. A number of mountain passes east of present-day El Paso enabled cross-island communications. One of these was Ajerjo Pass by which the island's Spanish discoverer, Alonso Fernandez de Lugo, attempted to enter the Caldera de Taburiente, hence its local name the Captain's Pass (Paso del Capitán). The village of El Paso was named after this mountain pass by association.[7]

On 3 May 1492 the mentioned Fernandez de Lugo finishes the conquest of the island of La Palma by the Spanish when conquering the last remaining stronghold of the native Guanches, the kingdom of Aceró. To this goal, Fernandez deceitfully invited its king Tanausú to an interview, to have him imprisoned on appearance. The island was made directly subject to the Spanish Crown, a situation which would last until 1812. In this year the new Spanish Constitution paved the way for decentralisation of the Canary Islands and subdivision into municipalities.[8]

Historical population[edit]

Historical population of El Paso, La Palma
Year20062007200820092010201120122013201420152016
Population7,5057,5147,8157,8157,8377,9477,8747,9287,6147,5637,457

Administration and policy[edit]

The local administration of the municipality is carried out through the City Council of El Paso, whose components are elected every four years by universal suffrage of all Spanish citizens and the European Union over 18 years of age who are registered in the municipality. According to the provisions of the General Electoral Regime Law, which establishes the number of eligible councilors depending on the population of the municipality, the Municipal Corporation of El Paso is formed by 13 councilors. The city council has mayor-president and twelve more councilors. In the elections of May 24, 2015 obtained a simple majority Canary Coalition, forming a coalition government with PSOE. The current government team is composed of the mayor-president, four mayors and three councilors.

List of mayors since the 1979 democratic elections:

Mayor Start End Political Party
Miguel Ángel Hernández Martín 1979 1983 link=https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archivo:Union_de_Centro_Democratico_(logo).svg|border|23x23px Unión de Centro Democrático (UCD)
Miguel Ángel Hernández Martín 1983 1983 link=https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archivo:Bandera_de_El_Paso.svg|border|19x19px Grupo Electoral Libre de El Paso
Francisco Sánchez Pérez 1983 1987 link=https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archivo:Bandera_de_El_Paso.svg|border|19x19px Grupo Electoral Libre de El Paso
Francisco Sánchez Pérez 1987 1991 link=https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archivo:Agrupaciones_Independientes_de_Canarias.png|20x20px Agrupación Palmera de Independientes (API)
Francisco Sánchez Pérez 1991 1995 link=https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archivo:Agrupaciones_Independientes_de_Canarias.png|20x20px Agrupación Palmera de Independientes (API)
Ángel Raúl Rodríguez Pages 1995 1999 link=https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archivo:Logotipo_del_PSOE.svg|20x20px Partido Socialista Obrero Español (PSOE)
Francisco Sánchez Pérez 1999 2000 link=https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archivo:Logocoalicion.svg|20x20px Coalición Canaria (CC)
Higinio Máximo Brito 2000 2003 link=https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archivo:Logocoalicion.svg|20x20px Coalición Canaria (CC)
Jesús Manuel Rodríguez 2003 2007 link=https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archivo:People's_Party_(Spain)_Logo.svg|20x20px Partido Popular (PP)
María Dolores Padilla Felipe 2007 2009 link=https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archivo:Logotipo_del_PSOE.svg|20x20px Partido Socialista Obrero Español (PSOE)
Higinio Máximo Brito 2009 2011 link=https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archivo:Logocoalicion.svg|20x20px Coalición Canaria (CC)
María Dolores Padilla Felipe 2011 2015 link=https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archivo:Logotipo_del_PSOE.svg|20x20px Partido Socialista Obrero Español (PSOE)
Sergio Javier Rodríguez Fernández 2015 - link=https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archivo:Logocoalicion.svg|20x20px Coalición Canaria (CC)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Instituto Canario de Estadística, area
  2. ^ "Municipal Register of Spain 2018". National Statistics Institute. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  3. ^ "INEbase. CONSUL". www.ine.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 February 2017.
  4. ^ "Estrategias Sociales en La explotación del territorio entre los Benhaoaritas" (PDF).
  5. ^ "El Paso, de una 'tierna venganza' a ciudad centenaria". eldia.es (in Spanish). 26 August 2010. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
  6. ^ "El pino más viejo de Canarias tiene achaques". eldiario.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 February 2017.
  7. ^ "La Palma OutDoor " EL Paso". www.lapalmaoutdoor.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 February 2017.
  8. ^ "El Paso". www.palmerosenelmundo.com (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 28 July 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2017.

External links[edit]