El Paso, La Palma

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El Paso
Municipality
Flag of El Paso
Flag
Official seal of El Paso
Seal
El Paso map.jpg
El Paso is located in Canary Islands
El Paso
El Paso
Location in Canary Islands
Coordinates: 28°39′N 17°53′W / 28.650°N 17.883°W / 28.650; -17.883Coordinates: 28°39′N 17°53′W / 28.650°N 17.883°W / 28.650; -17.883
Country Spain
Autonomous community Canary Islands
Province Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Island La Palma
Area[1]
 • Total 135.92 km2 (52.48 sq mi)
Population (2016)[2]
 • Total 7,457
 • Density 55/km2 (140/sq mi)

El Paso, also known as Ciudad de El Paso, is a Spanish municipality located on the island of La Palma, province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands.

Geographically it is located in the center of the island of La Palma, covering to the west with the Caldera de Taburiente, part of the Aridane Valley, the Cumbre Nueva and the Cumbre Vieja. It is on the surface the largest municipality of the island, being the only one of the 14 municipalities of La Palma that lacks coastal strip. In 2016 it had a population of 7457 inhabitants.[3]

The nucleus of population had to have its origins in the pre-Hispanic stage of the island. Almost certainly, because of the engravings found in the area, it consisted of a first moment in a temporary settlement of Benahoarite shepherds.[4] During the colonization and almost throughout the Modern Age the present territory of the municipality was administratively part of the Aridane Valley. In 1837, under the reign of Alfonso XII, the municipality obtained the title of City, segregating of the Los Llanos de Aridane.[5]

At the summit of the municipality is the oldest canarian pine in the world, with an estimated age of more than 1000 years.[6]

History[edit]

Many footpaths already crisscrossed La Palma before the Spanish conquest. A number of mountain passes east of present-day El Paso enabled cross-island communications. One of these was Ajerjo Pass by which the island's Spanish discoverer, Alonso Fernandez de Lugo, attempted to enter the Caldera de Taburiente, hence its local name the Captain's Pass (Paso del Capitán). The village of El Paso was named after this mountain pass by association.[7]

On 3 May 1492 the mentioned Fernandez de Lugo finishes the conquest of the island of La Palma by the Spanish when conquering the last remaining stronghold of the native Guanches, the kingdom of Aceró. To this goal, Fernandez deceitfully invited its king Tanausú to an interview, to have him imprisoned on appearance. The island was made directly subject to the Spanish Crown, a situation which would last until 1812. In this year the new Spanish Constitution paved the way for decentralisation of the Canary Islands and subdivision into municipalities.[8]

Historical population[edit]

Historical population of El Paso, La Palma
Year 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Population 7,505 7,514 7,815 7,815 7,837 7,947 7,874 7,928 7,614 7,563 7,457

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Instituto Canario de Estadística, area
  2. ^ Instituto Canario de Estadística, population
  3. ^ "INEbase. CONSUL". www.ine.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-02-27. 
  4. ^ "Estrategias Sociales en La explotación del territorio entre los Benhaoaritas" (PDF). 
  5. ^ "El Paso, de una 'tierna venganza' a ciudad centenaria". eldia.es (in Spanish). 26 August 2010. Retrieved 2017-02-27. 
  6. ^ "El pino más viejo de Canarias tiene achaques". eldiario.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-02-27. 
  7. ^ "La Palma OutDoor " EL Paso". www.lapalmaoutdoor.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-02-27. 
  8. ^ "El Paso". www.palmerosenelmundo.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-02-27. 

External links[edit]