El Ponceño

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El Ponceño
Periódico literario, local, mercantil y de avisos
Periódico El Ponceño, Ponce, Puerto Rico, edicion de 25 de Marzo de 1854 (DP30v2).jpg
The 25 March 1854 issue of "El Ponceño"
TypeWeekly newspaper[1]
FormatTabloid
Owner(s)Daniel Rivera[2]
Founder(s)Daniel Rivera;[3]
Felipe Conde,[4] Benito Villardell, and Augusto Pasarell-Mills[5]
EditorFelipe Conde,[6] Benito Villardell,[7] and Augusto Pasarell-Mills[8]
Founded10 July 1852[9][a]
Political alignmentLiberal
LanguageSpanish
Ceased publication22 June 1854[10]
HeadquartersCalle Cristina
Ponce, Puerto Rico

El Ponceño, founded in 1852, was the first newspaper published in Ponce, Puerto Rico.[11] The paper was originally named "El Observador Ponceño" but it was shortened to "El Ponceño".[12]

History[edit]

El Ponceño was founded by Daniel Rivera.[13] It came to the light of day at a time of political repression of the press in Puerto Rico. Yet, "despite a late start in Puerto Rico, the press played a significant role in the literature and the cultural life of Puerto Rico. The Royal Decree of 1834 censured the printing of texts and this was also applied to the press. In 1836 there was a restoration of the freedom of the press for Spanish papers but not for papers published in the Spanish colonies. Despite this, in 1839 the Boletín Instructivo y Mercantil de Puerto Rico was established in San Juan. In 1848 El Imparcial was founded in Mayaguez; it lasted 50 days before being vanished by Governor Juan Prim. Likewise El Ponceño was also shut down, but "in its short life it managed to become part of the cultural life and the sustainment of economic development" of the area.[14] The paper was founded in 1852 in the city of Ponce as "El Observador Ponceño"[15] It was a weekly paper, published on Saturdays.[16] The paper was located on Calle Cristina, in the same structure that Luis Munoz Rivera later published "La Democracia."[17]

Coverage[edit]

The paper covered issues related to municipal (improvements, roads, bridges) and island affairs[18] as well as political matters.[19] Poetry was one method used in the paper to publish popular thought. Satire was another. One of the better known writers in this paper was Ramon Marin.[20] Ramon Marin later became a well-known Ponce historian and one of his grandchildren became governor of Puerto Rico. According to Villagómez, one reason the paper evaded official censure was because it contained mostly articles that "were not a threat to the colonial political system but a criticism to the pro-slavery society in Ponce.[21]

Closure[edit]

Enjoying two years of continuous weekly publishing, El Ponceño was shut down by the Spanish government in July 1854.[22] The orders came from the Spanish governor in the Island, Fernando de Norzagaray, for offending the conservative views of his administration.[23] Tensions had been building for some time, but the 22 July 1854 publishing of a poem by Daniel Rivera title "Agüeybaná El Bravo" proved too much for the conservative Spanish government to bear. The poem praised the 1511 Taino Indian revolt against the Spanish invaders.[24] Daniel Rivera was sent into exile by Norzagaray.[25]

Daniel Rivera's poem read, in part, as follows:[26]

"¡Ea, compañeros! Vamos al combate:
Honor la patria a defender nos llama;
Si en paz, contento el corazon no late
La guerra nos dara fortuna y fama;
Hasta la mar que nuestra costa bate
Ondas escupe y agitada brama,
Que cual nosotros contemplar quisiera
Libre esta perla de la gente ibera."
"Hey brothers! Let's go to the fight:
The motherland calls us to defend our honor;
If our hearts do not beat peacefully
War will grant us fortune and fame;
Even the sea that beats our shores
Spits waves and rumbles with alarm,
For like us it, too, would like to see
Our pearl freed from the Iberian people."
The 2 August 1856 issue of "El Fénix", the paper that The El Ponceño owners opened after their paper was shut down

After the closing of El Ponceño, Vilardell founded El Fénix, and performed as both reporter and editor. He also went into the insurance business.[27]

Other Ponce-based papers[edit]

  • El Fénix (1855)
  • La Democracia (1890-1948) Imprenta El Vapor.[28] Founded by Luis Muñoz Rivera.[29]
  • El Día (1909)
  • La Perla del Sur (1982) By Juan J. Nogueras.
  • La Revista de Puerto Rico
  • El Derecho (1873) By Roman Baldorioty de Castro.[30]
  • La Crónica (1894) By Ramón Marín.[31]
  • El Postillón (1890) By Francisco Gonzalo Marín.[32]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Mariano Vidal Armstrong (Estampas, Tradiciones y Leyendas de Ponce. Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña. 1986. p. 99.) states the paper was founded on 1 July 1852.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ramon Marin. La Villa de Ponce Considerada en tres distintas épocas: Estudio Histórico, Descriptivo, y Estadístico, hasta fines del año 1876. Ponce, PR: Establecimiento Tipográfico "El Vapor". 1877. (Section III of Ramon Marin'sLas Fiestas Populares de Ponce. p.195. San Juan, PR: Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico. 1994.)
  2. ^ El libro de Puerto Rico: Capitulo XIX: Ciudades Principales: Ponce: Breve Sipnosis Historica Archived 2009-09-02 at the Wayback Machine Juan Braschi. E. Fernandez Garcia, editor. Francis W. Hoadley & Eugenio Astol, co-editors. San Juan, Puerto Rico: El Libro Azul Publishing Company. 1923. Page 1065. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
  3. ^ El libro de Puerto Rico: Capitulo XIX: Ciudades Principales: Ponce: Breve Sipnosis Historica Archived 2009-09-02 at the Wayback Machine Juan Braschi. E. Fernandez Garcia, editor. Francis W. Hoadley & Eugenio Astol, co-editors. San Juan, Puerto Rico: El Libro Azul Publishing Company. 1923. Page 1065. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
  4. ^ Ramon Marin. La Villa de Ponce Considerada en tres distintas épocas: Estudio Histórico, Descriptivo, y Estadístico, hasta fines del año 1876. Ponce, PR: Establecimiento Tipográfico "El Vapor". 1877. (Section III of Ramon Marin'sLas Fiestas Populares de Ponce. p.195. San Juan, PR: Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico. 1994.)
  5. ^ Municipalities / Ponce: Founding and History. Archived 2012-05-29 at the Wayback Machine Encyclopedia Puerto Rico. Retrieved 25 July 2012.
  6. ^ Ramon Marin. La Villa de Ponce Considerada en tres distintas épocas: Estudio Histórico, Descriptivo, y Estadístico, hasta fines del año 1876. Ponce, PR: Establecimiento Tipográfico "El Vapor". 1877. (Section III of Ramon Marin'sLas Fiestas Populares de Ponce. p.195. San Juan, PR: Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico. 1994.)
  7. ^ Ramon Marin. La Villa de Ponce Considerada en tres distintas épocas: Estudio Histórico, Descriptivo, y Estadístico, hasta fines del año 1876. Ponce, PR: Establecimiento Tipográfico "El Vapor". 1877. (Section III of Ramon Marin'sLas Fiestas Populares de Ponce. p.195. San Juan, PR: Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico. 1994.)
  8. ^ Municipalities / Ponce: Founding and History. Archived 2012-05-29 at the Wayback Machine Encyclopedia Puerto Rico. Retrieved 25 July 2012.
  9. ^ Municipalities / Ponce: Founding and History. Archived 2012-05-29 at the Wayback Machine Encyclopedia Puerto Rico. Retrieved 25 July 2012.
  10. ^ Conmemoran la fundación de El Ponceño. Reinaldo Millán. La Perla del Sur. Ponce, Puerto Rico. Year 30. Issue 1495. Page 16. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  11. ^ Mantienen viva la tradición carnavalesca. Reinaldo Millán La Perla del Sur. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 6 February 2013. Year 31. Issue 1523. Page 24. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  12. ^ Media and Communication / Chronology of newspapers of the 19th century: 1805-1865. Archived 9 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine Encyclopedia Puerto Rico. Retrieved 25 July 2012.
  13. ^ El libro de Puerto Rico: Capitulo XIX: Ciudades Principales: Ponce: Breve Sipnosis Historica Archived 2009-09-02 at the Wayback Machine Juan Braschi. E. Fernandez Garcia, editor. Francis W. Hoadley & Eugenio Astol, co-editors. San Juan, Puerto Rico: El Libro Azul Publishing Company. 1923. Page 1065. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
  14. ^ El Silenciamiento del Sujeto de Origen Africano en las Letras Puertorriqueñas del Siglo XIX. Archived 19 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine Rosita E. Villagómez. Florida State University. School of Arts and Sciences. Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Modern Languages and Linguistics. Summer 2005. Page 46. Retrieved 25 July 2012.
  15. ^ Media and Communication / Chronology of newspapers of the 19th century: 1805-1865. Archived 9 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine Encyclopedia Puerto Rico. Retrieved 25 July 2012.
  16. ^ Las Fiestas Populares de Ponce y La Villa de Ponce. Ramon Marin. 1875. Ponce, Puerto Rico: Imprenta El Vapor. 72 pages. (Reprinted September 1994. San Juan, Puerto Rico: Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico. 281 pages. [Socorro Girón. "Ramon Marin y su Tiempo." (foreword)]) Page 12. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
  17. ^ Municipalities / Ponce: Founding and History. Archived 2012-05-29 at the Wayback Machine Encyclopedia Puerto Rico. Retrieved 25 July 2012.
  18. ^ . Archived 9 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine Encyclopedia Puerto Rico. Retrieved 25 July 2012.
  19. ^ Cultura Popular, Construcciones de Raza y Etnia en Puerto Rico a Finales del Siglo XIX. Astrid Cubano Iguina. University of Puerto Rico. Page 1. Retrieved 25 July 2012.
  20. ^ Las Fiestas Populares de Ponce y La Villa de Ponce. Ramon Marin. 1875. Ponce, Puerto Rico: Imprenta El Vapor. 72 pages. (Reprinted September 1994. San Juan, Puerto Rico: Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico. 281 pages. [Socorro Girón. "Ramon Marin y su Tiempo." (foreword)]) Page 12. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
  21. ^ El Silenciamiento del Sujeto de Origen Africano en las Letras Puertorriqueñas del Siglo XIX. Archived 19 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine Rosita E. Villagómez. Florida State University. School of Arts and Sciences. Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Modern Languages and Linguistics. Summer 2005. Page 44. Retrieved 25 July 2012.
  22. ^ Las Fiestas Populares de Ponce y La Villa de Ponce. Ramon Marin. 1875. Ponce, Puerto Rico: Imprenta El Vapor. 72 pages. (Reprinted September 1994. San Juan, Puerto Rico: Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico. 281 pages. [Socorro Girón. "Ramon Marin y su Tiempo." (foreword)]) Page 12. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
  23. ^ Las Fiestas Populares de Ponce y La Villa de Ponce. Ramon Marin. 1875. Ponce, Puerto Rico: Imprenta El Vapor. 72 pages. (Reprinted September 1994. San Juan, Puerto Rico: Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico. 281 pages. [Socorro Girón. "Ramon Marin y su Tiempo." (foreword)]) Page 12. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
  24. ^ Moral Social Sociologia. Eugenio María de Hostos. [Title: Moral social ; Sociología (Volume 97 of Biblioteca Ayacucho)] Contributor/ Compiler: Manuel Maldonado-Denis. Venezuela: Biblioteca Ayacucho, 1982. (Original from the University of California.) ISBN 846600095X, 9788466000956. Page 389. Retrieved 25 July 2012.
  25. ^ Compromiso con la literatura. El Nuevo Dia. 31 October 2010. Retrieved 25 July 2012.
  26. ^ Socorro Giron. Ponce, el Teatro La Perla, y la Campana de la Almudaina. Gobierno Municipal de Ponce. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 1992. Page 71. LOC Number: 85-90989.
  27. ^ El Silenciamiento del Sujeto de Origen Africano en las Letras Puertorriqueñas del Siglo XIX. Archived 19 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine Rosita E. Villagómez. Florida State University. School of Arts and Sciences. Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Modern Languages and Linguistics. Summer 2005. Page 49. Retrieved 25 July 2012.
  28. ^ About La democracia. (Ponce, P.R.) 1890-1948. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Accessed 15 January 2019.
  29. ^ Historia de Puerto Rico. Paul G. Miller. New York: Rand, McNally and Co. 1922. Pages 508. Accessed 15 January 2019.
  30. ^ Historia de Puerto Rico. Paul G. Miller. New York: Rand, McNally and Co. 1922. Page 507. Accessed 15 January 2019.
  31. ^ Historia de Puerto Rico. Paul G. Miller. New York: Rand, McNally and Co. 1922. Pages 507. Accessed 15 January 2019.
  32. ^ Historia de Puerto Rico. Paul G. Miller. New York: Rand, McNally and Co. 1922. Pages 507. Accessed 15 January 2019.

External links[edit]