El Real de Santa María

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El Real de Santa María
El Real de Santa María is located in Panama
El Real de Santa María
El Real de Santa María
Coordinates: 8°7′48″N 77°42′36″W / 8.13000°N 77.71000°W / 8.13000; -77.71000Coordinates: 8°7′48″N 77°42′36″W / 8.13000°N 77.71000°W / 8.13000; -77.71000
Country Panama
 • Land120.1 km2 (46.4 sq mi)
 • Total1,183
 • Density9.9/km2 (26/sq mi)
 Population density calculated based on land area.
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)

El Real de Santa María is a corregimiento in Pinogana District, Darién Province, Panama with a population of 1,183 as of 2010.[1] It is the seat of Pinogana District.[1] Its population as of 1990 was 1,201; its population as of 2000 was 1,185.[1]

The town of El Real is on the Pirre River, a small tributary of the Tuira River. It is 17 kilometres (11 mi) by boat to the town of Yaviza, the terminus of the Pan American Highway.[2][3]

The town was founded by the Spanish as a fort in 1665 to protect their gold mining interests in the area.[4] The English Buccaneer Bartholomew Sharp took over the town and fort in 1680, but found the Spanish had removed most the gold they hoped to seize, and left after a few days.[5]

El Real Airport is an airstrip serving the area.


  1. ^ a b c d e "Cuadro 11 (Superficie, población y densidad de población en la República...)" [Table 11 (Area, population, and population density in the Republic...)] {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160304030354/http://www.contraloria.gob.pa/inec/archivos/P3601Cuadro11.xls |date=March 4, 2016 }} (.xls). In "Resultados Finales Básicos" [Basic Final Results] (in Spanish). National Institute of Statistics and Census of Panama. Archived from the original on July 10, 2015. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
  2. ^ "El Real to Yaviza". Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
  3. ^ "El Real, Yaviza". Open Street Map. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
  4. ^ The history of mining and mineral exploration in Panama: From Pre-Columbian gold mining to modern copper mining, Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana, vol. 72, no. 3, 00012, 2020 (" The deposits were first worked by the Spaniards in about 1665 when the fort and mining town of El Real de Santa Maria was founded on the Río Tuira")
  5. ^ A Biographical Sketch of Captain Dampier, The United States Services Journal, p. 316 (1837)