El Rosal, Cundinamarca

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El Rosal
Municipality and town
Seismological station in El Rosal
Seismological station in El Rosal
Flag of El Rosal
Flag
Official seal of El Rosal
Seal
Location of the municipality and town inside Cundinamarca Department of Colombia
Location of the municipality and town inside Cundinamarca Department of Colombia
El Rosal is located in Colombia
El Rosal
El Rosal
Location in Colombia
Coordinates: 4°51′7″N 74°15′46″W / 4.85194°N 74.26278°W / 4.85194; -74.26278Coordinates: 4°51′7″N 74°15′46″W / 4.85194°N 74.26278°W / 4.85194; -74.26278
Country  Colombia
Department Cundinamarca
Province Western Savanna Province
Founded 28 March 1903
Founded by Ana Vicenta González
Government
 • Mayor Hugo Orlando Arévalo Pulído
(2016-2019)
Area
 • Municipality and town 86.48 km2 (33.39 sq mi)
Elevation 2,685 m (8,809 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Municipality and town 17,254
 • Density 200/km2 (520/sq mi)
 • Urban 12,347
Time zone Colombia Standard Time (UTC-5)
Website Official website

El Rosal (Spanish pronunciation: [el roˈsal]) is a municipality and town of Colombia in the Western Savanna Province, part of the department of Cundinamarca. El Rosal is situated on the Bogotá savanna with its urban centre at an altitude of 2,685 metres (8,809 ft) and a distance of 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the capital Bogotá. It is part of the Metropolitan Area of Bogotá. El Rosal borders Subachoque in the northeast, San Francisco in the northwest, Madrid in the southeast and Facatativá in the southwest.[1]

History[edit]

The area of Subachoque, of which El Rosal was a part until 1903, in the times before the Spanish conquest, was inhabited by the Muisca. The zipa of Bacatá ruled over Subachoque. The Panche lived to the west of Subachoque and when the conquistadores arrived, they took advantage of the situation and entered the Muisca territories. Subachoque and El Rosal were submitted by Nicolás de Federman in 1538.[1]

The Muisca agriculture consisted of potatoes, maize, coca, arracacha, sweet potatoes, tubers and chugua.[1]

Modern El Rosal was founded on March 28, 1903 by Ana Vicenta González.[1]

Economy[edit]

A large percentage of this agricultural community is employed by large scale flower growers in the production of roses,carnations astromelias and other varieties of flowers. Other crops which contribute to the economy are potatoes, carrots, corn, sweetpeas, string beans and herbs. Wheat was a major crop until the 1930s when the price fell and made it economically unfeasible to continue planting it. Dairy farms, meat cattle, goats and horses are also vital parts of the El Rosal economy.[1]

References[edit]