El Súper Clásico (Mexico)

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El Súper Clásico
América-Guadalajara.png
Team kits
Other names El Clásico
El Clásico de Clásicos
Locale Mexico
Teams América
Guadalajara
First meeting Guadalajara 1–2 América
Copa México
(1 August 1943)[1]
Latest meeting América 1–1 Guadalajara
2018 Apertura
(September 30, 2018)
Stadiums Estadio Azteca (América)
Estadio Chivas (Guadalajara)
Statistics
Meetings total 228
Most wins América (82)
Most player appearances Juan Jasso
Cristóbal Ortega
(50)
Top scorer Salvador Reyes (13)
All-time series
  • América (82)
  • Guadalajara (74)
  • Draws: (72)
Largest victory
  • América 7–2 Guadalajara (20 February 1944)
  • Guadalajara 7–0 América (22 August 1956)

El Súper Clásico (English: The Super Classic), also known as El Clásico (English: The Classic), and El Clásico de Clásicos (English: The Classic of Classics), is an association football match between Mexican clubs América and Guadalajara. It is considered the biggest rivalry in Mexican football, and one of the biggest in world football.[2][3]

Both teams share the distinction of being the two most successful Mexican football clubs in terms of championships, with both clubs tied with 12 league titles won. They are also known for their extensive fan bases throughout Mexico and the United States. Both clubs are considered the most popular clubs in Mexico, as well as the most hated. The clubs are also uniquely identified by their histories; América is considered the club of the wealthy and establishment, as they are known for signing expensive Mexican and foreign players, as well as the fact that they are located in Mexico City and are owned by media company Grupo Televisa, while Guadalajara are known for their reputation of producing local talent.

As of October 2017, América leads the all-time head-to-head results between the two with 82 wins to Guadalajara’s 74, with 72 matches ending in a draw.

History[edit]

The first confrontation between what are considered the two most popular teams in Mexico[4] ended with a victory for Guadalajara with a score of 1–0.[5] The rivalry began to flourish after the second match, when América defeated Guadalajara with a score of 7–2 In the year of 1943. Although the huge defeat sparked embarrassment within the ranks of Chivas, it was almost two decades before the rivalry became the Clásico that is known today. Initially, América was struggling in the Mexican League. Halfway through the 1957–58 tournament, América had only managed to win six points, placing them in last place in the overall standings. In danger of finishing lower in the standings, the club hired Fernando Marcos, a retired player and referee. By the 1958–59 tournament, Marcos had transformed the team into a contender for the title. Although América's level rose, Chivas was playing tactical football that was giving them good results. After the 1957–1958 tournament, in which Club Zacatepec was crowned champions, Chivas managed to win a record four consecutive titles.

The late 1950s through the mid-1960s could be considered the best era in Chivas' history. During this time period, Chivas won the majority (7) of their eleven league titles, only interrupted twice in 1958 and 1963, by Zacatepec and Club Deportivo Oro respectively. Although América, or any other Mexican club for that matter, never achieved the same success in such a short period of time, an equally impressive feat is achieved much later by América.

Mexican football had drastically evolved by the 1980s. The period of football domination between two teams was certainly over. Although absolute parity is never achievable, competition was more evenly distributed throughout the football clubs competing in the México Primera División. The 1980s is perhaps the best decade in Club América's history. Up until then, no other club had managed the incredible success of Chivas. During this time period, América won five titles in the course of five years. First, starting in 1984, a series of three consecutive titles, followed by two consecutive titles starting in 1988. América achieved what no other team has achieved in present-era Mexican football. Despite consistency from both Chivas and América, after América's glorious years and long after Chivas' golden age, the two teams have only managed to win four titles between them, two apiece.

Riot of 1983[edit]

In the second leg of the semi-finals of the 1982–83 season, players of both two teams sparked a brawl better known as "La Bronca del '83" ("The Riot of '83"), which resulted in Chivas going onto play Puebla in the final by eliminating América during that playoff.[6]

The following season América would get to play Chivas once again in the 1983–1984 final in which América came from behind on aggregate to defeat Chivas in to date the only final disputed between the two teams.

In between the seasons of 1983 through the year 2000, América showed dominance over Chivas recording an impressive record of only 6 losses out of 43 matches against Chivas.

2000s[edit]

One of the most memorable games played between Chivas and América during the Clausura 2005 tournament took place on 13 March in the Estadio Azteca. The game started with a goal by Pável Pardo at the 15th minute of the game. América would then attempt to solidify its hold on the game when, in the 38th minute, Óscar Rojas scored the second goal, capitalizing on a pass from Cuauhtémoc Blanco. During the 42nd minute of the game, with the first half about to conclude, Héctor Reynoso scored one of the most beautiful goals of his career, making the score 2–1. Francisco Palencia would score the 100th goal of his career in the 58th minute, tying the score 2–2. But América would again take the lead when, at the 78th minute, Pável Pardo made an excellent pass to Claudio López who didn't waste the opportunity to penetrate the goal tended by Oswaldo Sánchez. However, things wouldn't end there. Three minutes before the game ended, Palencia would make his 101st goal as a result of a magnificent play involving Ramón Morales and Alberto Medina. The score was tied 3–3 although Chivas attempted yet another goal that came from Palencia.

In 2007, America set the record for most wins in a year by defeating Chivas four times.

In 2016, América and Guadalajara met a record seven times between league matches (including play-offs) and their semifinal Copa MX meeting. América came out ahead with a record of three victories, two draws and two defeats. In the two playoff-round meetings, América went undefeated against Guadalajara, with a record of two victories and two draws.

Overall statistics[edit]

As of 27 November 2016
Tournament GP AV D GV GoalA GoalG
League 157 43 49 65 176 206
Playoffs 24 15 5 4 30 17
Copa México 13 5 7 1 17 11
Campeón de Campeones 2 0 0 2 1 4
CONCACAF Champions League 2 1 1 0 4 2
Copa Pre-Libertadores 2 2 0 0 3 0
Interliga 1 0 1 0 1 1
Copa Libertadores 2 2 0 0 4 0
SUBTOTALS 192 68 62 62 235 240
Other tournaments and exhibition matches 33 13 9 11 53 46
TOTAL 226 81 72 73 289 286
GP: Games Played
AV: América Victory
D: Draw
GV: Guadalajara Victory
GoalA: América Goals
GoalG: Guadalajara Goals

Refereeing[edit]

The record holders for matches refereeing the matches belonging to Marco Antonio Rodríguez and Armando Archundia with

  • Marco Rodríguez (5)
  • Armando Archundia (4)
  • German Arredondo (3)
  • Mauricio Morales (2)
  • Francisco Chacon (2)
  • Gilberto Alcala (2)
  • Erim Ramirez Ulloa (2)
  • Fernando Guerrero Ramirez (2)
  • Paul Delgadillo (1)
  • Hugo Guajardo (1)
  • Jorge Antonio Perez Duran (1)
  • Jose Alfredo Penaloza Soto (1)
  • Cesar Arturo Ramos Palazuelos (1)

Players that played for both teams[edit]

[citation needed]

A listing of the many footballers who have played for both Guadalajara and Club America :

Note: On May 26, 2013, Francisco Javier Rodriguez became the first player ever in the history of Mexican football to champion with both teams. First having championed with Chivas on December 10, 2006.

Mexico Salvador Motawith America: 1942–1944 / with Guadalajara: 1944–48 ?

Mexico Carlos Iturraldewith Guadalajara: 1950–1951 / with America: 1952–1956

Mexico Eduardo Garduñowith America: 1947–1949 / with Guadalajara: 1954–1955

Mexico Raul Cardenaswith America: 1959–1960 / with Guadalajara: 1967–1968

Mexico Ramiro Navarrowith Guadalajara: 1965–1968 / with America: 1968–69

Mexico Sergio Ceballoswith America: 1968–1974 / with Guadalajara: 1976–1977

Mexico Enrique Vázquez del Mercadowith Guadalajara: 1969–1972 / with America: 1969–1970

Mexico Ruben Cardenaswith America: 1970–1973 / with Guadalajara: 1974–1980

Mexico Antonio Zamorawith America: 1970–1973 / with Guadalajara: 1975–1978

Mexico Francisco Macedowith America: 1971–1973 / with Guadalajara: 1973–1974

Mexico Albino Moraleswith America: 1972–1973 / with Guadalajara: 1973–74

Mexico Javier Sánchez Galindowith Guadalajara: 1974–1975 / with America: 1975–1979

Mexico Javier Cardenaswith America: 1978–1979 / with Guadalajara: 1979–1985

Mexico Javier Aguirrewith America: 1979–1984 / with Guadalajara: 1987–1993

Mexico Carlos Hermosillowith America: 1st run in 1983–1989, 2nd run in 1999–2000 / with Guadalajara: 2001

Mexico Ricardo Peláezwith America: 1st run in 1985–1987, 2nd run in 1997–1998 / with Guadalajara: 1998–2000

Mexico Luis Manuel Diazwith Guadalajara: 1983–1987 / with America: 1991–1992

Mexico Pedro Pinedawith Guadalajara: 1991–1992 / with America: 1st run in 1992–1995, 2nd run in 1996–1997

Mexico Gerardo Silvawith Guadalajara: 1990–1993 / with America: 1993–1994

Mexico Luis Garcíawith America: 1995–1997 / with Guadalajara: 1998–1999

Mexico Oswaldo Sánchezwith America: 1996–1999 / with Guadalajara: 1999–2006

Mexico Ignacio Hierrowith America: 1997–1999 / with Guadalajara: 1999–2000

Mexico Damián Álvarezwith Guadalajara: 1998 / with America: 1998–2000

Mexico Gustavo Napoleswith Guadalajara: 1st run 1995–1998, 2nd run 2000–2002 / with America: 1999

Mexico Ramón Ramírezwith Guadalajara: 1st run 1994–1998, 2nd run 2002–2004 / with America: 1999

Mexico Joel Sánchezwith Guadalajara: 1st run 1993–1999, 2nd run 2001–2003 / with America: 1999–2000

Mexico Jesús Mendozawith Guadalajara: 1999–2000 / with America: 1st run 2000–2002, 2nd run 2003–2005

Mexico Manuel Rioswith Guadalajara: 1998–2000 / with America: 2002

Mexico Alejandro Navawith Guadalajara: 1st run 2000, 2nd run 2001–2002 / with America: 2002

Mexico Alvaro Ortizwith Guadalajara: 1999–2000 / with America: 2002–2005

Mexico Christian Ramírezwith America: 2003–2004 / with Guadalajara: 2005–2006

Mexico Oribe Peralta **with Guadalajara: 2005 / with America: 2014–present

Mexico Edoardo Isellawith Guadalajara: 2000–2001 / with America: 2008

Mexico Luis Alonso Sandovalwith Guadalajara: 2002–2005 / with America: 2010

Mexico Luis Ernesto Perez **with America: 2007 / with Guadalajara: 2012–2016

Mexico Rafael Marquez Lugowith America: 2008 / with Guadalajara: 2012–2015

Mexico Francisco Javier Rodriguezwith Guadalajara: 2002–2008 / with America: 2013–2014

Mexico Ángel Reynawith America: 2009–2011 / with Guadalajara: 2014–2015

Mexico Alberto García Carpizowith Guadalajara: 2014–2015 / with America: 2015

Other special notes ** In the cases of Oribe Peralta and Luis Ernesto Perez, Peralta then a player of CF Monterrey was out on loan to Guadalajara for the 2005 edition of the Copa Libertadores playing in four matches. He did not score a single goal. In May 2014, Peralta was transferred from Santos Laguna to America. The same happened with Luis Ernesto Perez in 2007, Perez was then a player for CF Monterrey but was loaned to America for that year's edition of the Copa Libertadores.

In the case of Ángel Reyna, Reyna was suspended from Chivas' A squad in September 2015 due to disputes. With the firing of Jose Manuel de la Torre of whom Reyna had feuded with for some time and with the coming of Matias Almeyda, Reyna was left out of training sessions and coming matches. Reyna's contract with Chivas was officially terminated on March 9, 2016.[7]

Managers[edit]

To date only seven managers have led on both squads. Walter Ormeño and Oscar Ruggeri played for Club América and later managed rival Guadalajara. Ricardo La Volpe (**) is the only manager to have served both squads in more than one occasion. Ignacio Ambríz became the first Mexican manager to lead in both.

Peru Walter OrmeñoAmérica (1969–1970); Guadalajara (1972–1973)

Argentina Miguel Ángel LópezAmérica (1984–1987 & 1992–1993); Guadalajara (1989–1991)

Uruguay Carlos MilocGuadalajara (1979–1980); América (1991)

Argentina Ricardo La Volpe ** – Guadalajara (1989 & 2014); América (1996 & 2016–2017)

Netherlands Leo BeenhakkerAmérica (1994–1995 & 2003–2004); Guadalajara (1996)

Argentina Oscar RuggeriGuadalajara (2001–2002); América (2004)

Mexico Ignacio AmbrízGuadalajara (2012); América (2015–2016)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "¿Cómo nace el Clásico Chivas – América?". Terra.com.mx (in Spanish). 5 April 2011. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  2. ^ "FourFourTwo's 50 Biggest Derbies in the World: 20–11". FourFourTwo. FourFourTwo. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
  3. ^ https://www.mirror.co.uk/sport/football/news/top-50-football-derbies-world-11313881
  4. ^ América, el equipo más popular de México
  5. ^ Univision.com
  6. ^ https://www.mirror.co.uk/sport/football/news/top-50-football-derbies-world-11313881
  7. ^ "Mediotiempo Club America".