El Salvador–Mexico relations
El Salvador–Mexico relations refers to the diplomatic relations between El Salvador and Mexico. Both nations are members of the Association of Caribbean States, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States and the United Nations.
Before the arrival European explorers to the Americas, El Salvador and Central-Mexico were once populated by Uto-Aztecan language speakers and both southern Mexico and El Salvador once belonged to the Mayan civilization. During Spanish colonization, both nations were part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. In 1821, Mexico obtained independence from Spain and most nations of Central America, including El Salvador, belonged to the First Mexican Empire under Emperor Agustín de Iturbide. In 1823, the Mexican empire collapsed and El Salvador became part of the Federal Republic of Central America along with Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica. In 1838, the union dissolved and El Salvador became its own independent states. That same year, El Salvador and Mexico established diplomatic relations. In 1917, both nations open diplomatic missions in each other's capitals, respectively and in 1943, their respective diplomatic missions were elevated to embassies.
From 1979-1992, El Salvador was enveloped in a bloody civil war. During the war, several thousand Salvadorean citizens fled the country to Mexico where many stayed or continued onward to the United States. In 1992, the Salvadorean government and FMLN signed a peace agreement in Mexico City known as the Chapultepec Peace Accords thus in effect, ending the civil war.
Both nations work together in combating drug trafficking and gang violence, including MS-13 (also known as the Mara Salvatrucha). There have been several presidential visits to each other nations respectively.
- President Fidel Sánchez Hernández (1968)
- President Arturo Armando Molina (1973)
- President José Napoleón Duarte (1988)
- President Alfredo Cristiani (1990, 1991, 1992)
- President Armando Calderón Sol (1997)
- President Francisco Flores Pérez (2002)
- President Antonio Saca (2005, 2008)
- President Mauricio Funes (2010, 2011)
- President Salvador Sánchez Cerén (October & December 2014)
- President Gustavo Díaz Ordaz (1966)
- President Carlos Salinas de Gortari (1993)
- President Ernesto Zedillo (1998)
- President Vicente Fox (2001, 2004)
- President Felipe Calderón (2007, March & October 2008, 2009)
In June 2000, Mexico and El Salvador, along with Guatemala and Honduras signed a free trade agreement which took effect in 2001. Since then, both Costa Rica and Nicaragua have joined the joint free trade agreement. In 2014, two-way trade between El Salvador and Mexico amounted to $731 million USD.
Resident diplomatic missions
- El Salvaodor has an embassy in Mexico City and consulates-general in Monterrey, Tapachula and Veracruz City and consular offices in Acayucan, Arriaga and Tenosique.
- Mexico has an embassy in San Salvador.
- Bilateral relations between Mexico and El Salvador (in Spanish)
- El Salvador: Despite End to Civil War, Emigration Continues
- President Fidel Sánchez Hernández visits Mexico (in Spanish)
- President Arturo Armando Molina visits Mexico in 1973 (in Spanish)
- Discurso del Lic. Alfredo Cristiani, en la ceremonia de firma de los Acuerdos de Paz (in Spanish)
- MANDATARIOS DE PAISES QUE ASISTIERON A LA PRIMERA REUNIÓN CUMBRE IBEROAMERICANA, Guadalajara, México, 18 y 19 de Julio, 1991. (in Spanish)
- Visita del Presidente de la República de El Salvador Armando Calderón Sol a México (in Spanish)
- Lista de participantes en el segmento de la Conferencia a Nivel de Jefes de Estado y de Gobierno, Monterrey, Mexico; 2002 (in Spanish)
- El Presidente Saca en México (in Spanish)
- Presidente Mauricio Funes inicia visita de Estado a México (in Spanish)
- Viaja a México en visita oficial el presidente de El Salvador (in Spanish)
- V Informe de Gobierno del Presidente Constitucional de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos Carlos Salinas de Gortari (in Spanish)
- Presidente Ernesto Zedillo en El Salvador (in Spanish)
- Visita de Estado a la República de El Salvador, Presidente Vicente Fox; 2001 (in Spanish)
- Viajes realizados al extranjero por el C. Felipe Calderón (in Spanish)
- México-Triángulo del Norte (in Spanish)
- Mexican Ministry of the Economy: El Salvador (in Spanish)
- Embassy of El Salvador in Mexico City (in Spanish)
- Embassy of Mexico in San Salvador (Spanish)