El Salvador–Mexico relations

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El Salvador-Mexico relations
Map indicating locations of El Salvador and Mexico

El Salvador

Mexico

El Salvador–Mexico relations refers to the diplomatic relations between El Salvador and Mexico. Both nations are members of the Association of Caribbean States, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States and the United Nations.

History[edit]

Before the arrival European explorers to the Americas, El Salvador and Central-Mexico were once populated by Uto-Aztecan language speakers and both southern Mexico and El Salvador once belonged to the Mayan civilization. During Spanish colonization, both nations were part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. In 1821, Mexico obtained independence from Spain and most nations of Central America, including El Salvador, belonged to the First Mexican Empire under Emperor Agustín de Iturbide. In 1823, the Mexican empire collapsed and El Salvador became part of the Federal Republic of Central America along with Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica. In 1838, the union dissolved and El Salvador became its own independent states. That same year, El Salvador and Mexico established diplomatic relations. In 1917, both nations open diplomatic missions in each other's capitals, respectively and in 1943, their respective diplomatic missions were elevated to embassies.[1]

From 1979-1992, El Salvador was enveloped in a bloody civil war. During the war, several thousand Salvadorean citizens fled the country to Mexico where many stayed or continued onward to the United States.[2] In 1992, the Salvadorean government and FMLN signed a peace agreement in Mexico City known as the Chapultepec Peace Accords thus in effect, ending the civil war.

Both nations work together in combating drug trafficking and gang violence, including MS-13 (also known as the Mara Salvatrucha). There have been several presidential visits to each other nations respectively.

State visits[edit]

Former Mexican President Felipe Calderón attending the Ibero-American Summit in San Salvador, El Salvador; 2008
Salvadoran President Salvador Sánchez Cerén attending the Ibero-American Summit in Veracruz City, Mexico; 2014

Presidential visits from El Salvador to Mexico[3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11]

Presidential visits from Mexico to El Salvador[12][13][14][15]

Trade[edit]

In June 2000, Mexico and El Salvador, along with Guatemala and Honduras signed a free trade agreement which took effect in 2001.[16] Since then, both Costa Rica and Nicaragua have joined the joint free trade agreement. In 2014, two-way trade between El Salvador and Mexico amounted to $731 million USD.[17]

Resident diplomatic missions[edit]

Embassy of El Salvador in Mexico City

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]