El Salvador International Airport

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El Salvador International Airport

Aeropuerto Internacional de El Salvador
Aeropuerto Internacional de El Salvador 2021.jpg
Airport typeMilitary/Public
OperatorAutonomous Port Executive Commission
ServesSan Salvador, El Salvador
LocationSan Luis Talpa
Opened31 January 1980 (1980-01-31)
Hub for
Time zoneCST (UTC−06:00)
Elevation AMSL31 m / 102 ft
Coordinates13°26′27″N 89°03′20″W / 13.44083°N 89.05556°W / 13.44083; -89.05556Coordinates: 13°26′27″N 89°03′20″W / 13.44083°N 89.05556°W / 13.44083; -89.05556
SAL is located in El Salvador
Location in El Salvador
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 3,200 10,499 Asphalt
18/36 (Closed) 800 2,625 Asphalt
Statistics (2022)
Total passengers3,400,000
Aircraft operations34,764
AIP at COCESNA[1] and DAFIF[2]
Passengers and aircraft from airport website[3][4]

El Salvador International Airport Saint Óscar Arnulfo Romero y Galdámez (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional de El Salvador San Óscar Arnulfo Romero y Galdámez), (IATA: SAL, ICAO: MSLP), previously known as Comalapa International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional de Comalapa) and also known as the Comalapa Air Base (Base Aerea de Comalapa) by the military,[2] is a joint-use civilian and military airport that serves San Salvador, El Salvador. It is located in the south central area of the country, in the city of San Luis Talpa, Department of La Paz, and occupies a triangular plain of 2519.8 acres, which borders the Pacific Ocean to the south, to the east with the Jiboa River, and to the northwest with the coastal highway. Being close to sea level, it allows aircraft to operate efficiently at maximum capacity. It is connected to the capital of San Salvador, El Salvador through a modern four-lane motorway, with 42 kilometers (26 miles) travel in an average time of 30 minutes.

It is the third of Central America in movement of passengers with 3,411,015 annually, counted without methodology, suggested by International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). It is classified as category 1 by the Federal Aviation Administration of the United States (FAA) and is certified by the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA). Being the first in the isthmus to achieve these certifications[5] In the Skytrax World Airport Awards 2015 it was recognized as the third best airport in Central America and the Caribbean.[6] According to the World Economic Forum, it is the second in the region with the most competitive infrastructure achieving a score of 4.8 – 7.0 being the highest score – exceeded only by Panama (6.2).[7] In addition, ICAO recognizes it as one of the airports with the best security standards in the continent, only exceeded by United States and Canada.


El Salvador International Airport exterior
Avianca El Salvador N479TA at El Salvador International Airport
El Salvador International Airport at night

The airport was built in the late 1970s to replace its predecessor, Ilopango International Airport, which is now used for regional, air taxi, military, and charter aviation. The airport was built on the initiative and request of the then President, Colonel Arturo Armando Molina. Funding for this project was provided through the Government of Japan, Engineering and building came under the direction of Hazama Ando (then Hazama Gumi). The electrical work for all lighting and communications was completed by Toshiba (then Tokyo Shibaura Electric). The Airport entered in operation on 31 January 1980 as Cuscatlán International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional Cuscatlán), with its first flight being a TACA airliner bound for Guatemala City.

In 1995, the Salvadoran company B&B Arquitectos Asociados designed the expansion of waiting rooms and boarding bridges, of which only the area located to the west was built. The airport is the only connection center in Central America, or hub, for the airline Avianca, and also serves other airlines that fly to almost 30 destinations between Central America, North America, South America and Europe. Since 1998 when the first expansion of the airport occurred (AIES II), the airport has been suffering from saturation in areas of check-in, screening, immigration and baggage as it continues to serve more than 2 million passengers arriving each year. In late 2012, the Autonomous Port Executive Commission (CEPA) began their rehabilitation, modernization and optimization project for the airport, which was completed in April 2015.

On 16 January 2014, El Salvador President Mauricio Funes announced in San Salvador's Presidential House the name of El Salvador International Airport after Monsignor Óscar Arnulfo Romero y Galdámez, but it is still commonly known as El Salvador International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional de El Salvador). The Legislature of El Salvador approved the name change on 19 March 2014, without the vote of the Nationalist Republican Alliance (ARENA) or the National Coalition Party (PCN), to Monseñor Óscar Arnulfo Romero y Galdámez International Airport. On 24 March 2014, Funes unveiled a ceremonial plaque to mark the official renaming. The airport was renamed to Saint Óscar Arnulfo Romero y Galdámez International Airport on 29 October 2018 by the Commission of Culture and Education after Romero was canonized as a saint by the Catholic Church on 14 October of the same year.[8]

Airport infrastructure[edit]

New terminal
Gate 4 at El Salvador International Airport.
New terminal at El Salvador Airport
New waiting room at the El Salvador Airport terminal

Saint Óscar Arnulfo Romero y Galdámez International Airport serves as the main hub for TACA Airlines, now Avianca El Salvador, and Volaris El Salvador. The cargo terminal, located a few dozen meters west of the passenger terminal, handles millions of tons of cargo each year. The airport is located about 50 km (31 mi) from the city of San Salvador. Roads connect the airport with the city. It handles international flights to Central America, North America, South America and Europe including daily flights to Spain.

When the airport was built, it originally had only 7 gates. It was designed to handle around 400,000 passengers a year, but the high increase of passengers in the last 15 years brought the airport to its maximum capacity. The airport has had two main expansions in the last decade or so. In its first phase (named AIES I), the airport grew from 7 boarding gates to 12, and later the second phase, AIES II, added 5 more gates bringing the total to 17. Along with new gates, new expanded passenger waiting areas were built. Even though all these expansions have been made, the airport once again has reached the peak of its capacity, handling over 2 million passengers in 2006. In February 2022, a brand new terminal building was inaugurated with five gates and the first gate with double boarding jetways in the airport. The new terminal building segregates arriving passengers, connecting, and departing passengers.

The airport has a main runway (07/25) 3,200 m × 45 m (10,499 ft × 148 ft),[2] with an effective running surface of 45 m (148 ft) and 7.5 m (25 ft) shoulders. Parallel to the main track and the same length as this, is the taxiway Alpha, which is connected to the track through six starts. For the use of small aircraft, there is also a secondary runway built (18/36), 800 m × 23 m (2,625 ft × 75 ft),[2] which is currently used for parking of "long life" for aircraft that require it.

The platform of Passenger Terminal 1 Building has fourteen aircraft parking positions with respective boarding bridges, which connect the aircraft directly to the waiting rooms. The platform of Passenger Terminal 2 Building has five aircraft parking positions with their respective boarding bridges. One of the positions has double boarding bridges for widebody aircraft. Three remaining positions are "remote", i.e., passengers who disembark at any of them are transferred to the terminal through aerobuses. The remote gates are used mostly by turboprop aircraft. The runway is capable of handling landings and takeoffs by Boeing 747 and Boeing 777 aircraft. Taiwan's President Tsai Ing-wen made an official diplomatic tour of Central America in an Eva Air B777-300ER aircraft.

The platform of the Cargo Terminal Building (ETC) has three positions for cargo aircraft parking, and also has a platform for the maintenance of five aircraft if required, just in front of hangars Aeromantenimiento (AEROMAN), a modern repairs workshop. The ETC has a total built area, comprising warehouses and offices, of 10,286 m2 (110,720 sq ft).


The airport's modern facilities include duty-free shops, fast food and full-service restaurants, bars, air conditioned areas, tourist facilities, car rental, and spacious waiting rooms. There is space for 14 airplanes in terminal 1, 5 airplanes in terminal 2, 3 in the cargo terminal, 37 in Aeromantenimiento, S.A., and around 20 in the "Long Term Parking" which is runway 18/36. 94.5% of the airport's flights are on time (2005 data). The airport and runway have been closed at least 10 times in the almost quarter century since opening. They were closed for several hours following the devastating earthquake of 2001, followed up with minor repairs to the east end of the runway. They were closed again for several hours in 2005 due to Hurricane Stan. Although the airport is located near the Pacific Ocean, storms and hurricanes are not frequent.

There is Wi-Fi availability throughout much of the airport via Tigo El Salvador. Near Gate 3, a café called "The Coffee Cup" has free Wi-Fi for all customers.

Shops & restaurants[edit]

Airport passengers can make purchases from a wide range of duty-free shopping, including clothing, perfume, and spirits. There are also a variety of craft shops and restaurants. Other services include twelve car rental companies. Hotel chains such as Marriott International, Radisson, InterContinental, Hilton, Terrace, and Comfort offer representative and check-in desks at the airport.


The International Airport of El Salvador, located in the town of San Luis Talpa, La Paz, received an international certification from the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA), after an investment of $8 million and a process of four years and two extensions.

The document credits the Salvadorian airport terminal with compliance with all safety regulations issued under the Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO), on fire control and health care, removal of rubber from the runways, lights and safety signs.

The certification enables El Salvador to keep the category 1 status from the Federal Aviation Administration of the United States. "From the start of operations of the airport in January 1980, the terminal has been characterized by its safety," said Ricardo Sauerbrey, head of the Salvadorian terminal.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Aeroméxico Connect Mexico City
Air Transat Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami
Arajet Santo Domingo–Las Américas
Avianca Bogotá
Avianca Costa Rica San José de Costa Rica–Juan Santamaría
Avianca El Salvador Bogotá, Boston (begins June 1, 2023),[9] Dallas/Fort Worth, Guatemala City, Guayaquil, Houston–Intercontinental, Lima, Los Angeles, Managua, Mexico City, Miami, New York–JFK, Ontario (CA), Orlando (begins June 11, 2023),[10] Quito, San Francisco, San José de Costa Rica–Juan Santamaría, San Pedro Sula, Tegucigalpa/Comayagua, Toronto–Pearson, Washington–Dulles
Avianca Guatemala Guatemala City[11]
Copa Airlines Panama City–Tocumen
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Los Angeles, New York–JFK
Frontier Airlines Atlanta,[12] Orlando
Iberia Madrid1
Spirit Airlines Fort Lauderdale, Houston–Intercontinental, Miami, Orlando
Transportes Aéreos Guatemaltecos Guatemala City, Roatán, Tegucigalpa
Tropic Air Belize City
United Airlines Houston–Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Washington–Dulles
Seasonal: Newark
VolarisCancún, Mexico City
Volaris Costa Rica New York–JFK, San José de Costa Rica
Volaris El Salvador Cancún, Guatemala City, Houston–Intercontinental (begins March 26, 2023),[13] Los Angeles, Mexico City, Miami (begins March 28, 2023),[13] Oakland (begins March 26, 2023),[14] Roatán, San Pedro Sula, Washington–Dulles

^1 Iberia's flight from Madrid to San Salvador makes a stop in Guatemala City, but the airline does not have traffic rights to transport passengers solely between Guatemala City and San Salvador.


Amerijet Miami
DHL Guatemala City, Panama City–Tocumen
UPS Airlines Miami


Boeing 737-800 of United on gate 10 at Saint Óscar Arnulfo Romero y Galdámez International Airport, in 2018, 2019, 2020 and 2021 (In March and April 2021 it was the largest airline at the airport) it was the second largest airline in the airport, behind Avianca El Salvador

Annual passenger traffic at SAL airport. See Wikidata query.

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest international routes from El Salvador International Airport (2021)[15]
Rank City Passengers Ranking Airline(s)
1 Los Angeles, California 362,274 Steady Avianca Costa Rica, Avianca El Salvador, Delta Air Lines, United Airlines, Volaris Costa Rica, Volaris El Salvador
2 Houston - Intercontinental, Texas 318,235 Steady Avianca El Salvador, Spirit Airlines, United Airlines
3 Washington - Dulles, D.C. 267,816 Steady Avianca El Salvador, United Airlines, Volaris Costa Rica, Volaris El Salvador
4 Miami, Florida 224,964 Steady American Airlines, Avianca El Salvador, Frontier Airlines, Spirit Airlines
5 New York - JFK, New York 179,096 Steady Avianca Costa Rica, Avianca El Salvador, Delta Air Lines, Volaris Costa Rica, Volaris El Salvador
6 Dallas - Fort Worth, Texas 130,550 Steady American Airlines, Avianca El Salvador
7 Atlanta, Georgia 83,500 Steady Delta Air Lines
8 Fort Lauderdale, Florida 80,944 Steady Spirit Airlines
9 Panama City, Panamá 78,517 Steady Avianca El Salvador, Copa Airlines
10 San Francisco, California 74,371 Steady Avianca El Salvador
11 Mexico City, Mexico DF 68,839 Steady Aeromexico Connect, Avianca El Salvador, Volaris El Salvador
12 Newark, New Jersey 63,154 Steady United Airlines

Airline market share[edit]

Top Airlines at SAL
(January 2021 – December 2021)[15]
Rank Airline Passengers Percent of market share
1 Avianca El Salvador 654,927 30.9%
2 United Airlines 484,548 22.8%
3 American Airlines 305,199 14.4%
4 Delta Airlines 240,949 11.4%
5 Spirit Airlines 118,620 5.6%

Accidents and incidents[edit]

Saint Óscar Arnulfo Romero y Galdámez International Airport hasn't had any fatalities or accidents, however, there has been one emergency landing from a flight passing near the airport.

  • In 2001, El Salvador experienced an earthquake (7.6 in the Richter scale). El Salvador International Airport (SAL) closed several hours due to airport damage, all damage was successfully repaired.
  • November 2013, A Copa Airlines Flight from Los Angeles with destination to Panama City, Panama, had to perform an emergency landing at El Salvador International Airport due to technical problems.
  • On 29 December 2013, flights to/from Honduras and Nicaragua were suspended due to the eruption of the Chaparrastique Volcano (San Miguel Volcano), which caused an ash plume that had a 10 kilometers height. Flights to and from Honduras and Nicaragua resumed when it was safe to fly by and the Yellow and Orange Alerts were gone; by 5 January 2014 all flights were resumed.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "AIS – MSLP – EL SALVADOR". cocesna.org. Archived from the original on 27 July 2013. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d "Airport Information for MSLP". worldaerodata.com. World Aero Data. Archived from the original on 7 August 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link) Data current as of October 2006.
  3. ^ "..:: Comisión Ejecutiva Portuaria Autónoma – CEPA ::." Archived from the original on 18 June 2015. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  4. ^ "..:: Comisión Ejecutiva Portuaria Autónoma – CEPA ::." Archived from the original on 26 February 2015. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  5. ^ "Comalapa Airport receives International Security Certificate". La Prensa Gráfica (in Spanish). 18 December 2009. Archived from the original on 30 July 2012. Retrieved 12 July 2019.
  6. ^ "Top 10 Best Airports in Central America and Caribbean". Revista Estrategia & Negocios (in Spanish). Retrieved 12 July 2019.
  7. ^ "¿Quién tiene la peor y mejor infraestructura de transporte en Centroamérica?". Revista Summa (in European Spanish). 27 October 2015. Retrieved 12 July 2019.
  8. ^ Alvarenga, Marilú (29 October 2018). "San Óscar Arnulfo Romero se Llamará el Aeropuerto Internacional" [The International Airport will be Called Saint Óscar Arnulfo Romero]. asamblea.gob.sv. Legislative Assembly of El Salvador. Archived from the original on 14 February 2020. Retrieved 9 November 2021.
  9. ^ Martinez Garbuno, Daniel. "Avianca Announces New Routes To Boston And Orlando". Simple Flying. Retrieved 17 March 2023.
  10. ^ Martinez Garbuno, Daniel. "Avianca Announces New Routes To Boston And Orlando". Simple Flying. Retrieved 17 March 2023.
  11. ^ "Avianca to Resume Aviateca Scheduled Operation From Dec 2022". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 6 October 2022.
  12. ^ "Frontier Airlines More Than Doubles Its International Destinations from Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport".
  13. ^ a b "Volaris El Salvador late-1Q23 US Network Expansion". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 2 December 2022.
  14. ^ Skantz, Kaley (1 December 2022). "Volaris El Salvador announces new nonstop flights between OAK and San Salvador". Oakland International Airport. Port of Oakland. Retrieved 1 December 2022.
  15. ^ a b "Descargas".

External links[edit]

Media related to Monseñor Óscar Arnulfo Romero International Airport at Wikimedia Commons