El Segundo, California
|City of El Segundo|
El Segundo Welcome Sign
Location of El Segundo in Los Angeles County, California
|Incorporated||January 18, 1917|
|• City council||Mayor Suzanne Fuentes
Mayor Pro Tem Carl Jacobson
|• City clerk||Tracy Sherrill Weaver|
|• City treasurer||Crista Binder|
|• Total||5.465 sq mi (14.152 km2)|
|• Land||5.463 sq mi (14.148 km2)|
|• Water||0.002 sq mi (0.004 km2) 0.03%|
|Elevation||115 ft (35 m)|
|Population (April 1, 2010)|
|• Estimate (2013)||16,924|
|• Density||3,000/sq mi (1,200/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature IDs||1660605, 2410417|
El Segundo is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. El Segundo, from Spanish, means The Second in English. Located on the Santa Monica Bay, it was incorporated on January 18, 1917, and is one of the Beach Cities of Los Angeles County and part of the South Bay Cities Council of Governments. The population was 16,654 at the 2010 census, up from 16,033 at the 2000 census.
- 1 History
- 2 Overview
- 3 Economy
- 4 Geography
- 5 Notable people
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Government
- 8 Education
- 9 Newspaper
- 10 Parks and recreation
- 11 Transportation
- 12 In popular culture
- 13 See also
- 14 References
- 15 External links
The El Segundo and Los Angeles coastal area was first settled by the Tongva (or Gabrieleños) and Chumash Native American tribes hundreds of years ago. The area was once a part of Rancho Sausal Redondo ("Round Willow Patch Ranch"). Rancho Sausal Redondo extended from Playa Del Rey in the North to Redondo Beach in the South. Originally a Mexican land grant owned by Antonio Ygnacio Avila, the rancho was later purchased by a Scottish baronet named Sir Robert Burnett. After his return to Scotland, the property was purchased by then current manager of the rancho, Daniel Freeman. Daniel Freeman sold portions of the rancho to multiple owners. George H. Peck (1856–1940) owned the 840 acres (3.4 km2) of land the Chevron Refinery now sits on. Peck also developed land in neighboring El Porto where a street still stands to his name. The city earned its name ("the second" in Spanish) as it was the site of the second Standard Oil refinery on the West Coast (the first was at Richmond in Northern California), when Standard Oil of California purchased the 840 acres (3.4 km2) of farm land in 1911.
The Douglas Aircraft Company plant in El Segundo was one of the major aircraft manufacturing facilities in California during World War II. It was one of the major producers of SBD Dauntless dive bombers, which achieved fame in the Battle of Midway. The facility, now operated by Northrop Grumman, is still an aircraft plant.
In 2006, El Segundo won an Eddy award for being the most business-friendly city in L.A. County. Pollution and toxic waste cleanup remain issues as El Segundo converts industrial sites to shopping malls and sports facilities. The north and south boundaries of the town are Los Angeles International Airport and Manhattan Beach, with the Pacific Ocean as the western boundary. Aircraft noise from LAX is a major issue for residents on the north side of El Segundo. Residents are currently active in tree-planting along Imperial Highway.
El Segundo has many aviation-related and petroleum-related industries and operations.
The name was adopted in 1911 when Chevron built its second refinery, El Segundo, which is Spanish for "The Second". In 1928 William Mines, an immigrant from Canada, leased land for a flying field. In 1930 Los Angeles Municipal Airport, later Los Angeles International Airport, opened north of El Segundo; its presence led to the concentration of aerospace and aviation-related firms in the El Segundo area.
Many large aerospace companies have facilities in El Segundo, including Boeing, Raytheon, Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman, Wyle Laboratories and The Aerospace Corporation. The last two are headquartered there. It is also home to the Los Angeles Air Force Base and the Space and Missile Systems Center (SMC), which is responsible for space-related acquisition for the military. In addition to the Chevron oil refinery, El Segundo is located next to the Hyperion sewage treatment plant and the El Segundo power plant. The El Segundo power plant is operated by the American energy company NRG. In an effort to combine sustainable and environmentally-friendly techniques with fossil power generation, NRG will create a new combined cycle power island, providing power for 240,000 households. The new power plant, slated to go online in 2013, will use two generators: a Siemens gas turbine and an additional steam turbine. Natural gas will drive the gas turbine, while the hot exhaust gases will generate steam for the steam turbine. The efficiency of the power plant will be increased up to 58%. A huge environmental advantage of this type of power plant is that in combustion, natural gas generates relatively little carbon dioxide compared to other fossil fuels.
The current Boeing factory was originally built by Nash Motors in 1946 and opened in 1948. In 1955, Hughes Aircraft Company purchased the 500,000 sq-ft building; it was converted to build missiles and also served as a test facility.
Toy manufacturer Mattel, satellite TV provider DirecTV, medical company DaVita, IT services firm Computer Sciences Corporation, power semiconductor company International Rectifier, grocery chain Fresh and Easy, direct technology marketing company PCM, Inc. is headquartered there, as well as sporting goods retailer Big 5 Sporting Goods. Database company Teradata has an R & D facility in El Segundo.
According to the City's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Raytheon Space and Airborne Systems||7,268|
|3||Boeing Satellite Development Center||5,167|
|4||The Aerospace Corporation||3,002|
|9||Rhythm & Hues||703|
|12||Time Warner Cable||377|
|13||Big 5 Sporting Goods||346|
|15||Internet Brands (CarsDirect)||337|
Subsidiaries of companies
Due to its proximity to Los Angeles International Airport, El Segundo became the host of several offices of airlines. In 1979 the United Airlines Reservation Center, a two story, $4.5 million, 55,000-square-foot (5,100 m2) facility in the International Center, was scheduled to begin construction. Austin Co., a firm in Irvine, California, was to build the facility, which was scheduled for opening in May of that year. Japan Airlines operates its United States headquarters, which was moved from New York City to El Segundo in around 2003. at Suite 620 of 300 Continental Boulevard; Cathay Pacific has an office in El Segundo. The airline moved its North America headquarters to Greater Los Angeles in 1990, and the headquarters were situated in El Segundo until 2005.
Air China operates its North American headquarters in the 13,000-square-foot (1,200 m2) 2131 East Maple Avenue building, south of Los Angeles International Airport, in El Segundo. Its current North American headquarters opened with a ribbon cutting ceremony and other festivities on Friday March 26, 2010. The call center reservations, marketing, and sales employees all moved into the building. The building includes a call center with space for 50 employees; when the building opened, half of the spaces had been filled.
Air New Zealand operates its United States headquarters in El Segundo. Other airlines with offices in El Segundo include Turkish Airlines, Thai Airways, Air Tahiti Nui, Aeroméxico, China Airlines Emirates, EVA Air, and Singapore Airlines.
El Segundo is located at (33.921313, -118.406233).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.5 square miles (14 km2), over 99% of which is land.
- Roseanne Barr, comedian
- George Brett, baseball player, Hall of Fame
- Ken Brett, baseball player
- Joe Caravello, NFL football player
- Dick Dale, guitarist, pioneer of Surf music
- Rusty Frank, author, choreographer, producer, dance historian
- Dave LaRoche, baseball pitcher
- Vladimir Matyushenko, UFC fighter
- Christopher McCandless, adventurer that inspired Into the Wild and The Call of the Wild (2007 film)
- Scott McGregor, baseball player
- Paul Westphal, basketball player and coach
The 2010 United States Census reported that El Segundo had a population of 16,654. The population density was 3,047.9 people per square mile (1,176.8/km²). The racial makeup of El Segundo was 12,997 (78.0%) White (69.1% Non-Hispanic White), 337 (2.0%) African American, 68 (0.4%) Native American, 1,458 (8.8%) Asian, 38 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 799 (4.8%) from other races, and 957 (5.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2,609 persons (15.7%).
The Census reported that 16,578 people (99.5% of the population) lived in households, 66 (0.4%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 10 (0.1%) were institutionalized.
There were 7,085 households, out of which 2,183 (30.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 3,050 (43.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 729 (10.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 326 (4.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 369 (5.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships. 2,254 households (31.8%) were made up of individuals and 570 (8.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34. There were 4,105 families (57.9% of all households); the average family size was 3.02.
The population was spread out with 3,719 people (22.3%) under the age of 18, 1,120 people (6.7%) aged 18 to 24, 5,182 people (31.1%) aged 25 to 44, 4,955 people (29.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,678 people (10.1%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.2 years. For every 100 females there were 99.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.8 males.
There were 7,410 housing units at an average density of 1,356.1 per square mile (523.6/km²), of which 3,034 (42.8%) were owner-occupied, and 4,051 (57.2%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.4%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.1%. 8,177 people (49.1% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 8,401 people (50.4%) lived in rental housing units.
According to the 2010 United States Census, El Segundo had a median household income of $84,341, with 4.8% of the population living below the federal poverty line.
As of the 2000 Census, the population density was 2,894.6 inhabitants per square mile (1,117.4/km²). There were 7,261 housing units at an average density of 1,310.9 per square mile (506.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 83.61% White, 1.17% Black or African American, 0.47% Native American, 6.41% Asian, 0.29% Pacific Islander, 3.51% from other races, and 4.55% from two or more races. 11.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 7,060 households out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.5% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.6% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the city the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 38.7% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $61,341, and the median income for a family was $74,007. Males had a median income of $52,486 versus $41,682 for females. The per capita income for the city was $33,996. About 3.1% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.
According to the city's most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city's various funds had $99.0 million in Revenues, $91.0 million in expenditures, $206.5 million in total assets, $33.6 million in total liabilities, and $50.4 million in cash and investments.
Management of the city and coordination of city services are provided by:
|City Manager||Greg Carpenter|
|Chief of Police||Mitch Tavera|
|Fire Chief||Kevin Smith|
|Interim Director of Finance||Misty Cheng|
|Director of Library Services||Debra Brighton|
|Director of Recreation & Parks||Meredith Petit|
|Director of Public Works||Stephanie Katsouleas|
|Director of Planning & Building Safety||Sam Lee|
El Segundo TV
STAR Award "Most Outstanding Small Local Station" winner 2010. You can see segments of Government-access television (GATV) El Segundo TV programming on YouTube at ElSegundoTV. El Segundo TV is part of the Community Cable Division of the Recreation & Parks Department for the City of El Segundo.
County and federal services
State and federal representation
The El Segundo Unified School District serves the residential district of El Segundo, west of Sepulveda Blvd. The school district is listed as one of the state's 29 academic outperformers by Standards and Poor's in 2005.
Eastern El Segundo is part of the tax base for the Wiseburn School District and the Centinela Valley Union High School District (CVUHSD). There are no residential areas in the eastern part of the city. This portion of the city includes corporate operations providing significant tax revenue to the districts.
Vistamar School is a private school in El Segundo.
Originally all of the city was located in the Wiseburn School District, which opened in 1896. When the Inglewood Union High School District, now known as the CVHUSD, opened in 1905, its territory included the Wiseburn district. In 1912 the El Segundo School District opened, taking territory from the Wiseburn School District. The territory of the El Segundo district continued to be in the Inglewood Union District. On November 22, 1925 the El Segundo High School District was formed and El Segundo withdrew from the Inglewood Union district.
The El Segundo Herald is the community newspaper for El Segundo. The paper was established in 1911, six years before the City was incorporated. It had its 100-year anniversary of service to the community in 2011.
Parks and recreation
El Segundo has its own beach, as well as three public pools, including two outdoor pools open only during the summer months. The El Segundo Parks and Rec staff are the basis for the hit NBC program Parks and Rec. El Segundo has two full-sized turf fields named Campus El Segundo Athletic Fields in which is open to the public.
State Route 1, California's Pacific Coast Highway, passes through the city as Sepulveda Boulevard, while Interstate 105 begins its journey at Sepulveda Boulevard just outside the northern city limits of El Segundo and heads east to Norwalk.
Amtrak's El Segundo Bus Stop (ESG) is located at the Los Angeles County Metro Green Line Douglas Station and is serviced by Thruway Motorcoach. The stop is on Amtrak's 1c bus route that runs four times a day between Amtrak's Torrance Bus Stop (Alpine Village) and the Bakersfield Amtrak Station where passengers transfer to and from trains on Amtrak's San Joaquin route; passengers can also connect with Amtrak's Pacific Surfliner route at the Van Nuys Amtrak Station.
Los Angeles International Airport is located immediately to the north of El Segundo. In 2014, an air quality study found harmful ultrafine particles from the takeoffs and landings at Los Angeles International Airport to be of much greater magnitude than previously thought.
In popular culture
- The movie Dude, Where's My Car? was filmed in El Segundo, in front of the ice cream parlor formerly known as Scoops.
- The El Segundo Parks and Rec staff are the basis for the hit NBC program Parks and Rec.
- CSI: Miami is filmed in parts of El Segundo.
- A single appearing on hip hop group A Tribe Called Quest's 1990 album People's Instinctive Travels and the Paths of Rhythm is entitled "I Left My Wallet in El Segundo."
- "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- "Elected Officials". The City of El Segundo. Retrieved November 4, 2014.
- "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California". United States Census Bureau.
- "El Segundo". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved October 11, 2014.
- "El Segundo (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 30, 2015.
- "USPS - ZIP Code Lookup - Find a ZIP+ 4 Code By City Results". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Google Translate". Retrieved September 11, 2012.
- Hunter, Eileen Curry. El Segundo Seventy-Five Years El Segundo: H2 Limited, 1991
- Parker, Dana T. Building Victory: Aircraft Manufacturing in the Los Angeles Area in World War II, p. 28, Cypress, CA, 2013. ISBN 978-0-9897906-0-4.
- Herman, Arthur. Freedom's Forge: How American Business Produced Victory in World War II, pp. 202-3, Random House, New York, NY, 2012. ISBN 978-1-4000-6964-4.
- Parker, Dana T. Building Victory: Aircraft Manufacturing in the Los Angeles Area in World War II, pp. 7-8, 25-34, Cypress, CA, 2013. ISBN 978-0-9897906-0-4.
- "LAEDC 2006 Eddy Awards" (PDF). p. 3.
- "LAEDC Press Release" (PDF).
- Khouri, Andrew (January 15, 2016). "Bixby Land's $49-million office building sale a sign 'it's not the old El Segundo'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
- Greenberg, David."Aerospace woes take a toll, but LAX neighbor has bright spots." Los Angeles Business Journal. August 11, 2003. Retrieved on April 13, 2009.
- Ripton, Ray. "El Segundo Will Celebrate 50th Year for a Week." Los Angeles Times. May 14, 1967. CS1.
- "South Bay History | The Daily Breeze's Sam Gnerre looks at the way we were in the South Bay". Insidesocal.com. Retrieved 2013-02-08.
- "Energy efficiency - Siemens USA". Usa.siemens.com. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-08.
- History of Boeing El Segundo facility
- Mattel Inc. - Careers
- "Contact IR or Transfer Agent." DirecTV. Retrieved on December 8, 2009.
- "Unocal World On-Line." Unocal Corporation. December 27, 1996. Retrieved on July 7, 2009.
- Home page. Unocal Corporation. January 29, 2005. Retrieved on July 7, 2009.
- "World Airline Directory." Flight International. March 23–29, 1994. 106.
- City of El Segundo CAFR Retrieved 2010-09-25
- "Corporate Locations." Square Enix Japan. Accessed September 20, 2008.
- "Contact Us." Konami Digital Entertainment. Accessed August 20, 2010.
- "FreshandEasy.com Terms & Conditions." Fresh & Easy. Retrieved on July 15, 2010.
- "El Segundo to Be Airline Office Site." Los Angeles Times. May 21, 1978. Section Part IX, K24. Retrieved on April 14, 2009.
- Lauro, Patricia Winters. "THE MEDIA BUSINESS: ADVERTISING -- ADDENDA; Japan Airlines Moves Its Account." The New York Times. March 5, 2003.
- "JAL Passenger Services America, Inc." Japan Airlines. Accessed September 20, 2008.
- McDowell, Edwin. "Be prepared to pay a lot more, and pay in advance, to be in Hong Kong next summer." The New York Times. October 9, 1996. 1. Retrieved on December 14, 2011.
- "United States." Cathay Pacific. September 24, 2005. Retrieved on December 14, 2011. "Los Angeles 300 Continental Boulevard, Suite 500, El Segundo, CA 90245" and "San Francisco 360 Post Street #1005, San Francisco, CA 94108"
- Forbes FYI. Forbes, 1994. 73. Retrieved from Google Books on December 14, 2011. "Cathay Pacific Airways Ltd., 300 N. Continental Boulevard, Suite 500, El Segundo, CA 90245"
- "The Los Angeles Relocation Project". El Segundo & Los Angeles Relocation division. 2011-10-23.
- Armstrong, David. "Cathay Pacific opens headquarters in S.F. / North American office relocated from Los Angeles." San Francisco Chronicle. February 16, 2005. 1. Retrieved on December 14, 2011.
- "United States." Cathay Pacific. February 5, 2005. Retrieved on December 14, 2011. "Los Angeles 300 Continental Boulevard, Suite 500, El Segundo, CA 90245"
- "Air China Celebrates Opening Of New Los Angeles Office Building." (Archive) Air China. Retrieved on October 12, 2012.
- Garfinkel, Perry. "Airlines Add Service and Amenities to Asian Routes." The New York Times. September 29, 2008. Retrieved on December 14, 2011.
- "Air China International". Air-china.us. Retrieved 2013-02-08.
- "CRT/tanaka Wins Air New Zealand Account." Air New Zealand. December 5, 2007. Retrieved on August 26, 2009.
- "Worldwide Offices and Sales Agents:." Air Tahiti Nui. Retrieved on January 20, 2009.
- "Ticketing Offices California / Los Angeles." Aeroméxico. Retrieved on January 20, 2009.
- "Branch Offices North America." China Airlines. Retrieved on January 21, 2009.
- "Los Angeles Emirates (town office)." Emirates. Retrieved on February 24, 2011. "Address 222 N. Sepulveda Boulevard Suite 1322 El Segundo, CA 90245 Los Angeles USA."
- "Contact Us America." EVA Air. Retrieved on January 28, 2009.
- "Contact Us." Singapore Airlines. Retrieved on January 28, 2009.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Love And Hate In El Segundo." Sports Illustrated. August 17, 1981. Retrieved on June 15, 2009.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - El Segundo city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - El Segundo city".
- "census.gov - El Segundo, California".
- City of El Segundo Website retrieved 2010-10-13
- "Curtis Tucker Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
- "Post Office Location - MANHATTAN BEACH." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "Post Office Location - BAY CITIES ANNEX." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
- "California's 33rd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
- Kuznia, Rob. "Wiseburn district eyes wow factor in creating new comprehensive high school." Daily Breeze. March 28, 2013. Retrieved on April 19, 2014.
- Kuznia, Rob. "Aerospace business corridor in El Segundo a cash cow for Centinela Valley school district." Daily Breeze. February 19, 2014. Retrieved on April 19, 2014.
- "History and Profile" (Archive). Centinela Valley Union High School District. Retrieved on April 20, 2014.
- "About" (Archive). Wiseburn School District. Retrieved on April 4, 2014.
- Parks and Recreation (2009– ) - Trivia - IMDb
- Weikel, Dan and Barboza, Tony (May 29, 2014) "Planes' exhaust could be harming communities up to 10 miles from LAX" Los Angeles Times
- IMDb: Most Popular Titles With Location Matching "El Segundo, California, USA"
- Official website
- City of El Segundo - pro-business website
- El Segundo Chamber of Commerce
- El Segundo.net - News and Information
- El Segundo Unified School District
||Dockweiler State Beach||Los Angeles International Airport-LAX||Lennox|
|Pacific Ocean||Manhattan Beach||Torrance|