|Full name||Elaine Kathryn Zayak|
|Country represented||United States|
April 4, 1965 |
Paramus, New Jersey
|Height||1.57 m (5 ft 2 in)|
|Former coach||Peter Burrows
|Skating club||Skating Club of New York|
Zayak was born and raised in Paramus, New Jersey. At age two, she lost three toes in her left foot as a result of a lawn mower accident. On the advice of her doctors, she began figure skating as physical therapy. Her left boot was stabilized with a wood mold to compensate for the irregularity in the shape of her left foot. Zayak attended Paramus High School and was awarded the Dial Award for the national high-school scholar-athlete of the year in 1982.
Zayak is married and has a son, Jack.
Zayak was coached jointly by Peter Burrows and Marylynn Gelderman throughout her amateur and professional career. She won gold at the 1979 World Junior Championships. The next season, she began competing on the senior international level. Zayak stood atop the podium at the 1979 Skate Canada and Prague Skate and then appeared at her first senior World Championships. She was included in the first trip to China by American skaters, in 1980.
Zayak was the first woman to consistently land many triple jumps in her programs. At the 1982 World Championships, she landed six triple jumps to win the title, although four of them were triple toe loops. While she also had triple salchows and loops in her repertoire, they were less consistent. Zayak's skating contributed to the creation of what became informally known as the Zayak Rule, enacted at the 1982 ISU Congress, which states that a skater may not perform the same kind of triple jump more than twice, and for it to be given full credit on both occasions, one of the two triples must be incorporated into a combination or sequence. The rule encouraged skaters to display a greater variety of skills.
After her World title in 1982, Zayak's placements suffered from generally poor performances in the then-prevalent compulsory figures (attributed after the fact to her damaged foot). She took the bronze medal at the 1983 U.S. Championships and was sent to the 1983 World Championships. Ranked 11th in the middle of the school figures portion, Zayak abruptly withdrew from the competition with just one more tracing to go and flew back to the United States. She attributed her poor figures to a sore, injured ankle and equipment problems.
Zayak won the bronze medal at the 1984 U.S. Championships. She placed 6th at the 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo and won bronze at the 1984 World Championships. Zayak turned professional later that year and performed with the Ice Capades from 1984 to 1986.
In 1993, Zayak was the only U.S. female singles skater to reinstate to eligible status in an attempt to make the 1994 Olympic team. Including triple jumps she had not performed in a decade, she finished 4th at the 1994 U.S. Championships and was named an alternate for the Olympic Games.
|WD = Withdrew|
- Bondy, Filip (May 16, 1993). "FIGURE SKATING; Zayak's Biggest Jump: A Leap Into the Past". The New York Times.
Her father, Richard Zayak, would drive from their home in Paramus, N.J., to her New York practice rinks in Farmingdale or Monsey and offer his daughter $1 per perfect jump.
- Castronovo Fusco, Mary Ann (December 19, 1999). "A Different Strategy For Going for the Gold". The New York Times.
- "Miss Zayak Happy to Be Back in School; Miss Zayak Has Fun In School Impressed by Her Conduct". The New York Times. March 11, 1981. pp. A19.
- "Keselowski, Dombrowski and Zayak honored by Polish-American Sports Hall of Fame". National Polish-American Sports Hall of Fame (Yahoo News). March 26, 2013.
- Rutherford, Lynn (January 18, 2009). "Zayak makes national coaching debut". IceNetwork.
- "Video interview conducted March 27, 2010". Lifeskate.com.