Elaphomyces

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Elaphomyces
Elaphomyces muricatus.jpg
Elaphomyces muricatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Class: Eurotiomycetes
Order: Eurotiales
Family: Elaphomycetaceae
Genus: Elaphomyces
Nees (1820)
Type species
Elaphomyces granulatus
Fr. (1829)
Species

25, see text

Synonyms[1]

Elaphomyces (‘deer truffles’) is a genus of hypogeous fungi in the family Elaphomycetaceae. The widespread genus contains 25 truffle-like species.[2] Elaphomyces is one of the most important ectomycorrhizal fungal genera in temperate and subarctic forest ecosystems.[3] E. asperulus, E. granulatus, and E. muricatus were found to accumulate arsenic (12-660 mg/kg in dry mass); the composition of organoarsenicals is very unusual, with methylarsonic acid and trimethylarsine oxide as major As compounds.[4]

Species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Elaphomyces Nees 1820". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 2011-10-15. 
  2. ^ Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford, UK: CAB International. p. 228. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8. 
  3. ^ Paz, A.; Bellanger, J.-M.; Lavoise, C.; Molia, A.; Ławrynowicz, M.; Larsson, E.; Ibarguren, I.O.; Jeppson, M.; Læssøe, T. (2017-06-30). "The genus Elaphomyces (Ascomycota, Eurotiales): a ribosomal DNA-based phylogeny and revised systematics of European 'deer truffles'". Persoonia - Molecular Phylogeny and Evolution of Fungi. 38 (1): 197–239. doi:10.3767/003158517x697309. 
  4. ^ Braeuer, Simone; Borovička, Jan; Goessler, Walter (2018-02-12). "A unique arsenic speciation profile in Elaphomyces spp. ("deer truffles")—trimethylarsine oxide and methylarsonous acid as significant arsenic compounds". Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry: 1–8. doi:10.1007/s00216-018-0903-3. ISSN 1618-2642. 
  5. ^ a b Castellano MA, Henkel TW, Miller SL, Smith ME, Aime MC (2012). "New Elaphomyces species (Elaphomycetaceae, Eurotiales, Ascomycota) from Guyana". Mycologia. 104 (5): 1244–9. doi:10.3852/12-061. PMID 22505430. 
  6. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, s.v. deer, hart, lycoperdon