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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Nematoda
Class: Secernentea
Order: Rhabditida
Suborder: Strongylida
Superfamily: Metastrongyloidea
Family: Protostrongylidae
Subfamily: Elaphostrongylinae
Genus: Elaphostrongylus
Cameron, 1931[1]

Elaphostrongylus is a genus of parasitic nematodes in the family Protostrongylidae.[2]


Life cycle[edit]

Intermediate hosts of Elaphostrongylus spp. are terrestrial gastropods and they include:

Experimental hosts of Elaphostrongylus spp. can also be freshwater snails.[2] For example Lymnaea stagnalis has been experimentally infected with Elaphostrongylus rangiferi.[3]

Elaphostrongylus spp. causes cerebral nematodiasis.[2] Definitive host include Cervidae: moose Alces alces,[2] Cervus elaphus and reindeer Rangifer tarandus.


  1. ^ Cameron (1931). J. Helminth. 9: 213.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Olsson I.-M., Stéen M. & Mann H. (1993). "Gastropod hosts of Elaphostrongylus spp. (Protostrongylidae, Nematoda)". Rangifer 13(1): 53-55. PDF.
  3. ^ Skorping A. (1985). "Lymnea stagnalis as experimental intermediate host for Elaphostrongylus rangiferi". Zeitschrift fur Parasitenkunde 71: 265-270.