Elative case

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Elative (abbreviated ELA; from Latin efferre "to bring or carry out") is a locative case with the basic[clarification needed] meaning "out of".


Uralic languages[edit]

In Finnish elative is typically formed by adding "sta/stä", in Estonian by adding "-st" to the genitive stem. In Hungarian the suffix "-ból/-ből" is used for elative.

"talosta" - "out of the house, from house" (Finnish "talo" = "house")
"majast" - "out of the house, from house" (Estonian "maja" = "house")
"házból" - "out of house" (Hungarian "ház" = "house")

In some dialects of colloquial Finnish it is common to drop the last vowel and thus the usage of elative resembles that of Estonian, for example "talost".


In some rare cases elative still exists in contemporary Russian and was used more widely in 17-18th cc. texts: и́з лесу (out of the forest), кровь и́з носу (blood out of nose), из Яросла́влю (from Yaroslavl).

See also[edit]

Other locative cases are: