Elative case

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Elative (abbreviated ELA; from Latin efferre "to bring or carry out") is a locative case with the basic[clarification needed] meaning "out of".

Usage[edit]

Uralic languages[edit]

In Finnish elative is typically formed by adding "sta/stä", in Estonian by adding "-st" to the genitive stem. In Hungarian the suffix "-ból/-ből" is used for elative.

"talosta" - "out of the house, from house" (Finnish "talo" = "house")
"majast" - "out of the house, from house" (Estonian "maja" = "house")
"házból" - "out of house" (Hungarian "ház" = "house")

In some dialects of colloquial Finnish it is common to drop the last vowel and thus the usage of elative resembles that of Estonian, for example "talost".

Russian[edit]

In some rare cases Elative still exists in contemporary Russian and was used more widely in 17-18th cc. texts: и́з лесу (out of the forest), кровь и́з носу (blood out of nose), из Яросла́влю (from Yaroslavl).

See also[edit]

Other locative cases are: