Elbert County, Colorado

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Elbert County, Colorado
St. Mark United Presbyterian Church 04.JPG
Map of Colorado highlighting Elbert County
Location in the U.S. state of Colorado
Map of the United States highlighting Colorado
Colorado's location in the U.S.
Founded February 2, 1874
Named for Samuel Hitt Elbert
Seat Kiowa
Largest town Elizabeth
Area
 • Total 1,851 sq mi (4,794 km2)
 • Land 1,851 sq mi (4,794 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (1 km2), 0.01%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 24,735
 • Density 12/sq mi (5/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website www.elbertcounty-co.gov

Elbert County is one of the 64 counties of the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 23,086.[1] The county seat is Kiowa.[2]

Elbert County is included in the Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Elbert County was created on February 2, 1874, from the eastern portions of Douglas County. On February 6, 1874, the county was enlarged to include part of northern Greenwood County upon Greenwood's dissolution, and originally extended south and east of its present boundaries to reach to the Kansas state line. The county was named for Samuel Hitt Elbert,[3] the Governor of the Territory of Colorado when the county was formed. In 1889, Elbert County was reduced to its modern size when its eastern portions were taken to create Lincoln, Kit Carson, and Cheyenne counties.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,851 square miles (4,790 km2), of which 1,851 square miles (4,790 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (0.01%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 1,708
1890 1,856 8.7%
1900 3,101 67.1%
1910 5,331 71.9%
1920 6,980 30.9%
1930 6,580 −5.7%
1940 5,460 −17.0%
1950 4,477 −18.0%
1960 3,708 −17.2%
1970 3,903 5.3%
1980 6,850 75.5%
1990 9,646 40.8%
2000 19,872 106.0%
2010 23,086 16.2%
Est. 2016 25,231 [5] 9.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2015[1]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 19,872 people, 6,770 households, and 5,652 families residing in the county. The population density was 11 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 7,113 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.22% White, 0.64% Black or African American, 0.63% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 1.28% from other races, and 1.76% from two or more races. 3.85% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,770 households out of which 42.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 75.10% were married couples living together, 5.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.50% were non-families. 12.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the county, the population was spread out with 30.20% under the age of 18, 5.50% from 18 to 24, 32.80% from 25 to 44, 25.50% from 45 to 64, and 6.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 100.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $62,480, and the median income for a family was $66,740. Males had a median income of $45,329 versus $29,767 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,960. About 2.50% of families and 4.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.60% of those under age 18 and 4.50% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

Elbert County vote
by party in presidential elections
[11]
Year Republican Democratic Others
2016 73.3% 11,705 19.6% 3,134 7.1% 1,141
2012 72.4% 10,266 25.4% 3,603 2.2% 309
2008 69.0% 9,108 28.9% 3,819 2.1% 279
2004 73.8% 8,389 24.9% 2,834 1.2% 141
2000 68.6% 6,151 26.0% 2,326 5.5% 488
1996 61.0% 4,125 28.0% 1,894 10.9% 739
1992 43.7% 2,205 24.5% 1,237 31.8% 1,603
1988 63.1% 2,805 35.2% 1,566 1.7% 77
1984 75.3% 2,605 23.2% 802 1.6% 54
1980 67.5% 2,107 22.4% 698 10.2% 317
1976 52.7% 1,279 44.0% 1,068 3.3% 79
1972 73.3% 1,416 23.3% 451 3.4% 65
1968 60.9% 1,043 28.3% 484 10.8% 185
1964 51.8% 924 48.0% 857 0.2% 4
1960 64.3% 1,240 35.6% 686 0.1% 2
1956 64.8% 1,295 35.1% 702 0.2% 3
1952 72.6% 1,579 26.9% 586 0.5% 11
1948 56.4% 1,155 42.6% 873 1.0% 21
1944 69.1% 1,413 30.7% 628 0.2% 3
1940 65.0% 1,756 34.6% 934 0.4% 10
1936 49.5% 1,374 47.5% 1,319 3.0% 83
1932 41.5% 1,277 53.6% 1,649 4.8% 148
1928 71.4% 1,933 27.3% 738 1.4% 37
1924 55.0% 1,428 19.5% 506 25.6% 664
1920 66.4% 1,654 27.0% 673 6.7% 166
1916 41.4% 951 53.5% 1,230 5.1% 118
1912 24.2% 496 37.0% 757 38.8% 795[12]

Elbert is a strongly Republican county in Presidential elections. Along with Rio Blanco County and Kit Carson County, it was one of three Colorado counties to be won by Alf Landon in 1936, and stood together with Hinsdale and Washington Counties by supporting Barry Goldwater over Lyndon Johnson in 1964. The last Democratic Presidential nominee to carry Elbert County was Franklin Delano Roosevelt in 1932.

In senatorial elections, the county has been similarly Republican. No Democratic senatorial candidate has obtained even thirty percent of the county’s vote since Ben “Nighthorse” Campbell, who was later to shift to the Republican Party, in 1992, and none have actually won since before 1990. In gubernatorial elections, Elbert County has also generally been powerfully Republican, but was nonetheless carried by Democrat Roy Romer by a narrow margin in 1990[13] – when he carried all but four counties statewide – by Dick Lamm in 1982[14] and by Constitution Party candidate Tom Tancredo in 2010.[15]

Media[edit]

Elbert County has a weekly newspaper that is published in the Town of Elizabeth, the Meadowlark Herald,[16] though the official newspapers used by the County is the Elbert County News.[17] The Ranchland News is published in Simla.[18] The online news New Plains[19] also covers Elbert County news.

Communities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated places[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 9, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2012-07-12. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 116. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved May 26, 2017. 
  12. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 630 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 121 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 41 votes, and Socialist Labor candidate Arthur Reimer received 3 votes.
  13. ^ Dave Leip’s U.S. Election Atlas; 1990 Gubernatorial General Election Results – Colorado
  14. ^ Dave Leip’s U.S. Election Atlas; 1982 Gubernatorial General Election Results – Colorado
  15. ^ Dave Leip’s U.S. Election Atlas; 2010 Gubernatorial General Election Results – Colorado
  16. ^ http://www.meadowlarkherald.blogspot.com
  17. ^ http://www.ourcoloradonews.com/elbert/
  18. ^ http://www.ranchland-news.com/
  19. ^ http://www.new-plains.com/