Elbows Out is the name given to an Attic black-figure vase painter, active in Athens around 550/540 to 520 BC. His conventional name is derived from the strongly exaggerated gestures and odd anatomy of his dancing figures. Together with the Affecter, he is considered one of the mannerists of the black-figure style. He painted e.g. lip cups (which classifies him as a Little master) and neck amphorae, the latter in a special shape with a heavy ovoid body. His amphorae are decorated with several friezes. His band cups resemble works by Tleson and Lydos, but are more conventional in terms of the animal motifs. He also painted a lydion, a vase shape very rarely produced by Attic potters. He rarely painted mythological scenes, but had a penchant for erotic motifs. He is often seen as connected with the Affecter, but also with the Amasis Painter. The link with the latter should not be overestimated.
- John Beazley: Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters, Oxford 1956, p. 248-252.
- Dietrich von Bothmer: Elbows Out, In: Revue Archéologique (1969) p. 3-15.
- Berthold Fellmann: Zwei neue Randschalen des Elbows Out Malers, In: Athenische Mitteilungen 99 (1984) p. 155-160.
- John Boardman: Schwarzfigurige Vasen aus Athen. Ein Handbuch, Mainz 1977, ISBN 3-8053-0233-9, p. 73-74.
- Hans Peter Isler: Der Töpfer Amasis und der Amasis-Maler. Bemerkungen zur Chronologie und zur Person, in: Jahrbuch des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts 109 (1994) p. 93-114.
- Boardman dates him between 550 and 530 BC.