|• Mayor||Joachim Eisenkolb (Ind.)|
|• Total||24.87 km2 (9.60 sq mi)|
|Elevation||465 m (1,526 ft)|
|• Density||380/km2 (980/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Dialling codes||0731, 07308|
- Thalfingen: 4 211 residents, 8.83 km²
- Oberelchingen: 3 024 residents, 7.31 km²
- Unterelchingen: 2 863 residents, 8.76 km²
In 1294, Elchingen (today: Unterelchingen) was sold by Konrad of Plochingen to the Cistercian monastery of Salem. Unterelchingen stayed in its property until the secularization in 1802. Unterelchingen never was in possession of the Monastery of Elchingen. In 1803, Ober-, Unterelchingen and Thalfingen became bavarian, due to the Principal Decree of the Imperial Deputation.
The Benedictine monastery of Elchingen was founded at the beginning of the 12th century. In 1395 all authentic documents were destroyed in a fire. So the probable consecration date (15 August 1128) cannot be proven.
Around 1500, the German Conquistador Ambrosius Ehinger was born there. He later went on to be a pivotal figure in the colony of Klein-Venedig in modern-day Venezuela. He was killed in 1533 by native tribes while searching for the mythical El Dorado.
Elchingen became famous through the Battle of Elchingen: on 14 October 1805 the Napoleonic troops under the command of Marshal Michel Ney defeated the Austrians. One day later the Battle of Ulm began, after which Karl Mack von Leiberich finally had to capitulate. In 1806 Napoleon conferred the title of Duc d'Elchingen on Marshal Ney and the name of Elchingen was engraved on the Arc de Triomphe in Paris.
For the region the Napoleonic victory meant the end of the Austrian supremacy which led to a re-organization of the area of Württemberg and Bavaria.
Today's municipality of Elchingen is the result of the reorganization of Bavaria on 1 May 1978 through the integration of Thalfingen, Oberelchingen and Unterelchingen.
Number of residents
- 1984-2008: Anton Lang (died 2008)
- November 2008: Joachim Eisenkolb was elected the new mayor
Elchingen also lies on the train line between Ulm and Aalen, the so-called Brenzbahn.
- The Catholic Church St. Laurentius in the center of Thalfingen.
- North of Thalfingen is the truck stop Seligweiler.
- The monastery Oberelchingen with the former abbey church St. Peter and Paul.
In the hamlet of Thalfingen is a multi-purpose hall, which was completely renovated in 2005.
The Protestant church organizes an annual community festival in Thalfingen. The traditional, well-known in the region "Narrabaumstella", a Swabian-Alemannic carnival custom takes place every year in Oberelchingen and attracts hundreds of participants in the streets of Oberelchingen.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Ambrosius Ehinger (born before 1500-1533) German conquistador and the first governor of Venezuela
- Konstantin Vidal (1900-1990), German politician (CSU), 1946-1950 member of the Bavarian Parliament
- Martin Grath (born 1960 in Thalfingen) Member of Landtag
- Katrin Albsteiger, (born 1983), CSU politician
- Franz Willbold: Napoleons Feldzug um Ulm. Die Schlacht von Elchingen 1805 ISBN 3-7995-8027-1
- Alfred Krauss: 1805 – Der Feldzug von Ulm. Vienna 1912 (Maps from this at napoleon-online.de: Battle near Elchingen und Situation at the evening of 14 October)
This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (September 2019) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). July 2019.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. 9 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 164. .
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kloster Elchingen.|
- Official website (in German)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Elchingen.|