Eldorado, São Paulo

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Eldorado
Flag of Eldorado
Coat of arms of Eldorado
Location in São Paulo state
Location in São Paulo state
Eldorado is located in Brazil
Eldorado
Eldorado
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 24°31′12″S 48°6′29″W / 24.52000°S 48.10806°W / -24.52000; -48.10806Coordinates: 24°31′12″S 48°6′29″W / 24.52000°S 48.10806°W / -24.52000; -48.10806
CountryBrazil
RegionSoutheast
StateSão Paulo
Government
 • MayorDurval Adelio de Morais
Area
 • Total1,654 km2 (639 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 [1])
 • Total15,544
 • Density9.4/km2 (24/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-03:00 (BRT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-02:00 (BRST)

Eldorado (Xiririca before 1948[2]) is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. The population is 15,544 (2020 est.) in an area of 1654 km2.[3] Eldorado is one of 29 cities in São Paulo officially recognized as a touristic city, which gives it extra funding.

Geography[edit]

Eldorado is situated on the Ribeira de Iguape River. The state highways SP-165 and SP-193 pass through the town.

The municipality contains part of the 488,865 hectares (1,208,010 acres) Serra do Mar Environmental Protection Area, created in 1984.[4] It contains part of the 41,704 hectares (103,050 acres) Intervales State Park, created in 1995.[5] It contains part of the 40,175 hectares (99,270 acres) Caverna do Diabo State Park, created in 2008.[6] This park contains the largest cave in São Paulo, Caverna do Diabo (The Devil's Cave). The municipality contains 41% of the 64,625 hectares (159,690 acres) Quilombos do Médio Ribeira Environmental Protection Area, established in 2008.[7]

People[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Census - 2000

Total Population: 14,134

  • Urban: 6,974
  • Rural: 7,160
  • Male: 7,337
  • Female: 6,797

Density (inhabitants/km2): 8.53

Infant Mortality (per 1000): 19.12

Life Expectancy: 69.57

Birth Rate: 3.50

Literacy Rate: 85.65%

Human Development Index (HDI-M): 0.733

  • HDI-M Income: 0.633
  • HDI-M Longevity: 0.743
  • HDI-M Education: 0.823

(Source: IPEADATA)

Notable people[edit]

  • Jair Bolsonaro, Brazilian President since 1 January 2019, anti-communist and conservative, known for supporting the Brazilian military government that lasted from 1964 to 1984.
  • Francisca Júlia da Silva, Brazilian poet born in Eldorado on 31 August 1871.

References[edit]

  1. ^ IBGE 2020
  2. ^ IBGE, history
  3. ^ Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística
  4. ^ APA da Serra do Mar (APA) (in Portuguese), ISA: Instituto Socioambiental, retrieved 2016-12-08
  5. ^ Furlan, Sueli Ângelo; Leite, Sandra Aparecida (2008), "Resumo Executivo", Parque Estadual Intervales: Plano de Manejo (PDF) (in Portuguese), Fundação Florestal, p. 33, retrieved 2016-12-06
  6. ^ Parque Estadual Caverna do Diabo (in Portuguese), MMA: Ministério do Meio Ambiente, retrieved 2016-11-21
  7. ^ APA dos Quilombos do Médio Ribeira, ISA: Instituto Socioambiental, retrieved 2016-11-21

External links[edit]