Eldoret

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Eldoret

Sisibo
Skyline of Eldoret, facing west from atop MUPS Plaza
Skyline of Eldoret, facing west from atop MUPS Plaza
Eldoret is located in Kenya
Eldoret
Eldoret
Location in Kenya
Coordinates: 0°31′N 35°17′E / 0.517°N 35.283°E / 0.517; 35.283Coordinates: 0°31′N 35°17′E / 0.517°N 35.283°E / 0.517; 35.283
Country Kenya
CountyUasin Gishu County
Government
 • GovernorJackson Mandago
Population
 (2019)
 • Total475,716[1]
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
 • Summer (DST)NO
Post code, Postal code
30100
Area code(s)+254 53
ClimateCfb
Websitewww.uasingishu.go.ke

Eldoret is a principal town in the Rift Valley region of Kenya and serves as the capital of Uasin Gishu County, its also known as 'Chebarbar'. As per the 2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census[2], Eldoret is the sixth most populated urban area in the country after Nairobi, Mombasa, Kisumu, Nakuru and Ruiru.[3] Lying south of the Cherangani Hills, the local elevation varies from about 2100 metres at the airport to more than 2700 metres in nearby areas (7000–9000 feet). The population was 289,380 in the 2009 census,[1][4] and it is currently the fastest growing town in Kenya with 475,716 inhabitants according to 2019 national census.

Etymology[edit]

The name "Eldoret" is based on the Maasai word "eldore" meaning "stony river"; a reference to the bed of the Sosiani River (a tributary of the Nile), that runs through the city.[5]

History[edit]

The area that is now Eldoret and indeed the plateau around it had been occupied by the Sirikwa for several centuries prior to the era of Maasai ascendancy.[6] Innovation in weaponry, brought about the Maasai era of the late 18th and 19th centuries. With new weapons and forms of governance, they swept down from their original homelands in the north, closer to Lake Turkana, down to their present homelands south of Kenya. The Maasai clan that took over the Plateau were known as the Ilwasin Kishu, after whom it is presently named.

In August 1908, fifty-eight families of displaced Afrikaners left Nakuru for the Uasin Gishu plateau after a journey from South Africa by sea and by rail from Mombasa. Led by Jan van Rensburg, they endured an arduous trek laden as they were with wagons that would often get bogged in mud, finally arriving at Sergoit Hill on 22 October of that year. Jan Ernest Kruger would later own the 5,000 Sergoit farm, now owned by Sergoit Golf and Wildlife resort.

The land had earlier been surveyed by a certain van Breda and the new arrivals took up leaseholds of between 320 and 2,020 hectares (800 and 5,000 acres) on condition that they would develop it within five years. Each family built a shack, put up fences, in-spanned oxen to simple ploughs and turned the first furrows. They sowed wheat, maize and vegetables laying the foundation for the transformation of the Plateau into a prosperous agricultural region.

The farms were later officially registered and each was given a number.[7]

Eldoret was established in the midst of the farms they created on what was known to the settlers as "Farm 64", "64" or "Sisibo" to the locals because at that time it was 103 kilometres (64 mi) from the newly built Uganda Railway railhead at Kibigori.[8] Willy van Aardt owned the farm. The Central Lounge in Eldoret is all that remains of Willy's farm.

The official town site started in 1910 with the development of a Post Office at "Sisibo". This was followed shortly after by the arrival of sixty more Afrikaner families in 1911.[9] The governor decided to establish an administrative centre in the area 1912 and thus the Post Office was renamed from "64" to a new official town name: "Eldoret". Becoming an administrative centre caused an enormous increase in trade within the prospective city. A bank and several shops were built.

Kenya's first president, Jomo Kenyatta, opens the Eldoret Agricultural Show in 1968.

The Uganda Railway extension, from Kibigori toward Uganda, reached Eldoret in 1924, starting a new era of prosperity and growth. In 1928, a piped water supply from the Sosiani River was installed. In 1933, the East African Power and Lighting Company installed an electricity generator plant. By that time, Eldoret had a small airport, and low-cost rental housing had been constructed.[9]

In the 1950s the town was literally divided into two, along the main street (now Uganda Road), with the Afrikaans on the north and the British on the south. The former took their children to Highland School, (now Moi Girls High School)[10] and the latter, to Hill School.[11] Recreation was also along the divide – 'Brits' used the Lincoln Hotel and the Race-Course near the now "Chinese Area" while the Afrikaans converged at the Wagon Wheel for recreation.

Daniel Arap Moi was born in the neighbouring Baringo District, and under his presidency, the town was developed further. The country's second institution of higher learning, Moi University was established by the government in 1984 and the third international airport was subsequently constructed, significantly boosting the fortunes of the town.

By 1987, only two Afrikaner households remained in Eldoret, with the rest having moved back to South Africa in the late 1950s and early 1960s, in the aftermath of the Mau Mau rebellion[12] and in anticipation of independence.

The city was significantly impacted by the 2007–2008 Kenyan crisis when violence gripped Kenya in the aftermath of controversial presidential elections. The athlete Lucas Sang was murdered about ten kilometres away from the town while on his way home to Chepkoilel. On 1 January 2008, a mob attacked and set fire to a church located near burnt forest town, a satellite town of Eldoret. Hundreds of people had taken refuge during Kenyan massacres. As a result, about forty to eighty people,[13] mostly Kikuyu, were burnt to death.

William Ruto the current Deputy President of the Republic of Kenya was born near Eldoret. He has previously represented Eldoret North Constituency in parliament.

Climate[edit]

Eldoret has a temperate oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb). The city, lying over 2000m above sea levels has a moderate to cool climate. The temperatures fall significantly at night, and in the cold season (May–August) it is regularly in the single digits.

Climate data for Eldoret (2120 m), Kenya (1941-1968, Records: 1930-1968)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 29.5
(85.1)
29.1
(84.4)
30.6
(87.1)
28.9
(84.0)
27.8
(82.0)
28.0
(82.4)
27.2
(81.0)
25.2
(77.4)
27.0
(80.6)
27.2
(81.0)
27.3
(81.1)
27.5
(81.5)
30.6
(87.1)
Average high °C (°F) 25.3
(77.5)
26.0
(78.8)
25.9
(78.6)
24.5
(76.1)
23.5
(74.3)
22.7
(72.9)
21.4
(70.5)
21.8
(71.2)
23.3
(73.9)
23.9
(75.0)
23.7
(74.7)
23.9
(75.0)
23.8
(74.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 17.1
(62.8)
17.6
(63.7)
18.0
(64.4)
17.0
(62.6)
16.9
(62.4)
15.9
(60.6)
15.5
(59.9)
15.7
(60.3)
16.0
(60.8)
16.9
(62.4)
17.0
(62.6)
16.8
(62.2)
16.7
(62.1)
Average low °C (°F) 8.5
(47.3)
8.8
(47.8)
9.7
(49.5)
8.9
(48.0)
10.3
(50.5)
9.0
(48.2)
9.4
(48.9)
9.3
(48.7)
8.6
(47.5)
9.5
(49.1)
10.1
(50.2)
9.4
(48.9)
9.3
(48.7)
Record low °C (°F) 1.6
(34.9)
2.6
(36.7)
3.4
(38.1)
5.0
(41.0)
4.9
(40.8)
1.1
(34.0)
2.8
(37.0)
5.0
(41.0)
4.4
(39.9)
1.1
(34.0)
2.2
(36.0)
3.6
(38.5)
1.1
(34.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 29
(1.1)
40
(1.6)
57
(2.2)
150
(5.9)
124
(4.9)
104
(4.1)
172
(6.8)
196
(7.7)
87
(3.4)
48
(1.9)
50
(2.0)
46
(1.8)
1,103
(43.4)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 5 5 8 15 15 13 19 21 11 9 9 7 137
Average relative humidity (%) 57 57 59 70 73 76 76 78 70 65 67 62 68
Mean monthly sunshine hours 276 260 267 243 233 228 183 180 225 242 222 273 2,832
Source 1: Deutscher Wetterdienst[14]
Source 2: Danish Meteorological Institute[15]

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1969 18,196—    
1979 50,503+177.6%
1989 111,882+121.5%
1999 167,016+49.3%
2009 252,061+50.9%
2019475,716+88.7%
source:[16]

Local governance[edit]

Eldoret is governed by the County Government of Uasin Gishu which manages all the city affairs. The city is divided into thirteen wards. Six of them (Huruma, Kamukunji, Kapyemit, Kidiwa/Kapsuswa, and Stadium/Industrial, Market) are in Eldoret North Constituency, Three (Hospital, Kapsoya and Kimumu/Sergoit) are in Eldoret East Constituency, and the remaining four (Kipkenyo, Langas, Pioneer/Elgon View and Race Course) are part of Eldoret South Constituency. All of these three constituencies have more wards within other local authorities than Eldoret municipality.[17]

Suburbs[edit]

Eldoret has a number of estates. Estates vary in that some are posh and others are residents of the middle-class community. Almost every estate has its own identity. Some of the estates include Elgon View, Langas, Kapseret, Huruma, Kapsoya, Shauri, Kipkorgot, Kahoya, West Indies, West, Kipkaren, Kimumu, Jerusalem, Annex, Mwanzo, Action, Mailinne,Pioneer, Outspan,Kiplombe, Samar, Silas, Kenya Service, Cheplaskei, Chinese, Roadie, Peris,Junction, Munyaka, Road Block, Hillside among many others.

Economy[edit]

Large wheat plantation near Eldoret. Sergoit hill seen in the background

Eldoret is surrounded by prime agricultural lands and acts as a trading centre for Uasin Gishu's economy which is driven by large-scale grain farming, dairy and horticultural farming. The town is also a local manufacturing hub with a number of nationally recognised manufacturing concerns, including Raiplywoods, Rupa Textiles, Kenya Pipeline Company, Kenya Co-operative Creameries as well as corn, wheat and pyrethrum factories all within the town.[18]

The city is home to a large market and is known for the Doinyo Lessos cheese factory, Moi University and Eldoret International Airport. The runners from Eldoret have also contributed significantly to the economy of Eldoret town, primarily investing in small businesses and real estate, from their winnings in races all over the world. Moses Kiptanui is a stake holder in one of the largest buildings Komora that houses a large supermarket chain and many offices.

Notable professional firms include Nyairo and Company, the oldest law firm in the city, founded by Alfred Momanyi Nyairo in the sixties. Other law firms include Wabomba Masinde and Associates advocates, Gumbo and Associate Advocates, Mburu Maina & Company Advocates, Nyaundi Tuiyott & Company Advocates, Kalya & Company Advocates, Chebii and Company Advocates and Gicheru & Company Advocates.

Industry[edit]

Textiles[edit]

The town has a vibrant textile industry that is led by Ken Knit (Kenya). It is the first, fully integrated textile manufacturing company in East and Central Africa and has been based in Eldoret for close to 50 years. It is Kenya's leading manufacturer of wool products and with a workforce of 2,000, is presently the largest textile related employer in the North-Rift.[19]

Another notable textile firm is Rivatex EA which was opened in 1975 by then Vice President, Daniel Toroitich arap Moi as Rift Valley Textiles (Rivatex), a parastatal that was the first Kenyan textile mill to operate computerized mills. It quickly became a success, achieving profitability within three years while employing 400 people and consuming 3,000 tons of cotton a year at its peak. By the late 1990s, the liberalization of Kenya's market which led to massive imports of cheap used clothing coupled with mismanagement led to the decline of the country's textile industry. Rivatex in Eldoret was placed under receivership in 1998 and finally shut its doors in 2000.[20]

The town of Eldoret, through Moi University and its subsidiary firm Rivatex, has played a leading role in the revival of the Kenyan textile industry.[20][21]

The defunct Rivatex, was purchased from the Government of Kenya in 2007 by Moi University as a facility for research, product development, extension and production. The university identified the high cost of imported dyes as a factor affecting profitability. This was resolved in 2008, when Prof Richard Mibey, invented the Tami Dye, a natural dye made from Mexican Marigold which was previously considered a weed in the surrounding regions. The university holds the patent to this dye.[20]

Being able to produce affordable dye in Kenya has been a key contributing factor to the revival of Rivatex East Africa and the wider Kenyan textile industry.[21] The university won a $60 million grant from the World Bank to carry out a face-lift as a result of the work on the Tami Dye. It also secured a pledged investment of $40 million from the Indian Government.[20]

Digital assembly[edit]

In mid-2019, Rivatex, reopened following major renovations and restructuring. As part of this effort, it opened a Digital Assembly Plant with the capacity to produce laptops, tablets, electric meters, smart phones and other digital devices.[22]

Military[edit]

The city is host to the Moi Barracks for the Kenya Defence Forces. The barracks has a memorial for Kenyan soldiers killed in battle in Somalia. The city is also home to the Kenya Ordnance Factories Corporation, a military installation that is the only manufacturer of small arms and ammunition in the region. Its customers include the Kenya Police, Wildlife Service, the Army, licensed dealers and carriers as well as friendly governments.

Fertilizer[edit]

The Toyota Tsusho Corporation built Kenya's first full scale fertilizer blending factory at Ngeria on the outskirts of Eldoret.[23] The $15 million plant has the capacity to produce 150,000 tonnes per year which is 25% of Kenya's 600,000 annual requirement.[24]

Services[edit]

ICT[edit]

In early 2019, Safaricom, Kenyas largest mobile network operator, set up its second largest call center, and its first outside Nairobi,[25] in Eldoret town. The Kshs 900 million facility provides employment to 800 individuals of whom 300 are paid interns from local universities.[26]

The town is also home to the MGW site, located at Kapsoya, the first of Safaricom's data centers in the North Rift, set up in 2015.[27]

Tourism[edit]

Eldoret has traditionally not been known as a tourist destination and does not have much to differentiate it from Kenya's other highland centres. Being Kenya's fifth-largest city however, it is a great deal bigger and serves as a base for touring the North-Rift circuit. The city has a decent variety of accommodation options, notably the Sirikwa Hotel,[28] Poa Place[29] and the ultra-modern Boma Inn[30] as well as enough night-life options to interest one for an evening or two.[31]

Surrounding Region[edit]

Koitalel Arap Samoei Mausoleum and Museum in Nandi Hills; a historic monument located close to Eldoret

The city and surrounding regions has also lately grown into a sports tourism destination thanks to a number of resident, renowned world runners and a high-altitude that makes the local area suitable for athletics training.[18]

Notable attractions within easy distance of Eldoret include the Nandi Hills area to the south, home of the Nandi, the fiercest early opponents to British rule. It is also the home of the Chemosit, a crypto-beast that is said to devour human brains.[31]

Paraglading in Elgeyo Marakwet

To the north lies the town of Iten, capital of Elgeyo Marakwet county and the world's foremost source of elite-middle and long distance runners. It is a popular destination for foreigners looking to hone their athletics talent[32] and time at its high altitude training centers form part of a number of elite athletes training regimens. Notably, altitude training here was a key element of Mo farah's preparations before his 5000m and 10000m gold medals at London 2012 and World Championships 2013.[33]

Elgeyo Marakwet is also increasingly gaining a global reputation as a paragliding destination. It has become the place to go to fly 100–200 km out-and-returns in January with world records across both distances having been set in the Kerio Valley in 2013 and 2014 respectively.[34]

Retail[edit]

The city is home to many retail stores, supermarket chains and various malls including Rupa Mall and Zion Mall. The City hosts various MSMEs located in various notable building such as Komora Centre, Zul Arcade, 64 Arcade, Kibogy Arcade, Tarita Centre, Jumbo House, Sugarland, Barngetuny,

Entertainment[edit]

Eldoret has a vibrant nightlife with many clubs found in the city center such as Club Timba, Club 411, Signature Club, Babel Club and the more upmarket Well Irish Pub and Zaika Lounge, the latter located at Rupas Mall.

Points of Interest[edit]

Champions Monument[edit]

Champions Monument located in Eldoret, Kenya

The Champions Monument is situated at the junction of Kaptagat and Nairobi roads and was erected in honour of retired, elite and upcoming athletes in the country. The bronze monument, erected by Mediheal Group of Hospitals, depicts two female athletes and two male athletes attached on a world map running towards different directions. One of the males is holding an Olympic torch in one hand while the rest have their hands raised up as a sign of victory. It also has an image of a male athlete mounted on the top draped in the Kenyan flag.[35]

Eldoret Daima Plaza[edit]

At 26 floors and 70 meters tall, this is the tallest building in Kenya west of Nairobi and stands as a landmark of the town. It was built by the Moi University Pension Scheme[36] and was opened in 2016.[37]

Sirikwa Holes[edit]

The territory of the bearers of the Sirikwa culture, Kenya's predominant hinterland archaeological culture, extended over the Uasin Gishu plateau. This society experienced a cultural peak between the 12th to 15th centuries and persisted as a way of life to the 17th and 18th centuries. It declined and was superseded in Uasin Gishu by the Uasin Gishu people who gave their name to the plateau. Studies indicate that the 'Sirikwa' kept cattle in sunken pens, which today form depressions commonly known as Sirikwa Holes. Some of these can be seen around Uasin Gishu though most are today overgrown with grass or have been tilled over. A well preserved example exists at Naiberi River Campsite located just out of town.

Wagon Hotel[edit]

A local institution dating to the Afrikaner period in Eldoret. The majority of Afrikaners who settled in Kenya made their home in Uasin Gishu, turning what was for many centuries prime pasture land into one Kenya's most productive agricultural zones. They made their way to Uasin Gishu in wagons and the hotel bears testament to the 'trek' made by those families as they sought a new home and as they built one. The hotel itself, was built in 1926 by these families as a recreational hub and is one of the oldest buildings in town. It has pictures of the wagons of the Great Treks — as the journeys from South Africa to Kenya were known then, and a dining area shaped like an elongated railway wagon with a looped roof. It also features a modern casino, the only one in the North Rift region.[38]

Athletics Training Centers[edit]

Athletics is by far the most popular sport in the region with wins at the Olympics and World Athletics Championships as well as roadraces across the world having propelled many local residents to stardom and financial success. Current and future athletes can be seen training at the IAAF High Altitude Training Center, the Kipchoge Keino stadium or even along the streets on most mornings.

Eldoret Club[edit]

The breakfast room at Eldoret Club, overlooking the golf course

Eldoret Club is a private members club that was established in 1924 on the edge of town. It is situated on large well-manicured grounds that house a clubhouse, a 9-hole golf course and a variety of other facilities.[39]

Koromosho Falls[edit]

Located some 25 kilometers away from Eldoret at a point where the River Sosiani plunges 70 meters from the plateau and over a granite escarpment. It was also a site of the ancient practice of sheu morobi where very old members of the Nandi community would jump to their deaths for a variety of reasons including loneliness and so as not to burden the community.[40]

Poa Place[edit]

This is a notable resort in the town and features a wide variety of accommodation, food and amusements. The iconic centre features a well-kept herbal garden and small forest of indigenous trees hosts birds, reptiles and carnivores. A couple of lions, 11-year-old Blondi and Paul, 6, are the main tourist attractions in the small park.[41]

Education[edit]

Eldoret is home to Moi University. Though the university's main campus is located about 30 kilometers away in Kesess, located due South, four of its campuses are within the city limits of Eldoret. These campuses are;Annex Campus (School of Law),Town Campus(School of medicine and school of dental sciences), Rivatex Campus (School of aeronautical engineering) and Eldoret West campus (for privately sponsored students) a student population of 14,855 as of 2006.

The University of Eldoret is the second largest university in the city having been awarded its charter in 2013. Its main campus is located within the city limits to the north of the town.

Other universities with campuses in the town include Catholic University of East Africa, Jomo Kenyatta University, University of Nairobi, University of East Africa - Baraton, Kabarak University and Kisii University

The city also is home to many technical and vocational institutes including Rift Valley Technical Training Institute, Eldoret National Polytechnic, African Institute for Research and Applied Studies.

Health[edit]

There are a number of medical facilities in the city, notably Moi Teaching & Referral Hospital; The only referral national hospital in western Kenya. The county has the Uasin Gishu District Hospital, and there are several private institutions: St. Luke Orthopaedic And Trauma Hospital, Eldoret Hospital, Mediheal Hospital, Eldoret Oncology Associates Cancer Hospital, Reale Hospital, Alexandria Cancer Centre and Palliative Care Hospital and Elgon View Hospital among others.

In 2015, East & Central Africa's first public children's hospital, The Shoe4Africa Children's Hospital, a 105-bed general hospital, was opened, behind the Moi Referral.

Also in 2015, a new cancer centre at the Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital has been renamed after businessman Manu Chandaria, one of the main financiers and will be known as Chandaria Cancer and Chronic Disease Centre.

Sport[edit]

Eldoret, in particular the Elgon View area, is the hometown of numerous Kenyan runners, the most renowned of whom is Kipchoge Keino. The high altitude is an ideal training ground for many middle and long distance athletes.

KCB Safari rally

Kipchoge Keino Stadium is the town's main stadium and is a multi-use stadium with a capacity of 10,000 people. The stadium is used for athletic meetings and hosts local football teams including Rivatex and Eldoret KCC. The stadium fell into disrepair and was refurbished beginning in 2007 when the Kenyan Government allocated Ksh100 million for its upgrade.[42] It is currently(2018) undergoing a major expansion and renovation.

Eldoret Falcons is a women's football team that represents the city in the nationwide league while Eldoret RFC is a men's rugby team in the nationwide league. The city has also been a popular stage in the KCB Safari Rally.

The city is home to the Eldoret City Marathon, whose $35,000 winners purse during its second edition in 2019 made it the richest marathon race in Africa.[43] The event is organised by the Uasin Gishu county government and is patronized by the County Governor, H.E Jackson Mandago and Moses Tanui.[44]

The city is also host to a leg of the annual national sevens circuit rugby tournament being one of the six cities that make up the circuit. The Eldoret leg is played in June and referred to as the Sepetuka Sevens. It is extremely popular and brings the city to a halt for the entire weekend with fans coming into the city from all over the country.

Eldoret is also home to the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF)'s High Altitude Training Center for Kenyan and international athletes.

Eldoret Club, a golf club is located a short distance from its CBD.

Infrastructure[edit]

Transport[edit]

Airports[edit]

Eldoret International Airport Sign
Sign near the gate to Eldoret International Airport.

The City of Eldoret is served by two aerodromes, Eldoret International Airport and Eldoret Airstrip.

Eldoret International Airport is a regional airport approximately 14 km from Eldoret city. It has daily scheduled flights to Nairobi and Lodwar and weekly international cargo flights operated by Emirates (airline) and Etihad Airways. Situated at 6,941 feet (2,116 m) above sea level,[45] the airport has a single asphalt runway that measures 3,475 metres (11,401 ft) in length.[46]

.The airport is open from Monday to Sunday from 0330hours to 1730hours GMT, but the hours can be extended on request. Currently the airport has three scheduled international cargo flights and several ad hoc freighters per week.

Planes on the runway at Eldoret International Airport
Eldoret International Airport mainly offers freight cargo services

Eldoret International Airport was built with the vision of achieving accelerated economic growth, through integration and opening up of the Western region to local and international markets. The airport is also expected to promote the exploitation of the rich tourism circuit of Western Kenya, which is largely unexploited[47].

Four domestic airline companies operate in this airport: Fly 540, Jambojet, Skyward Express and Silverstone Air.

The Eldoret Airstrip, also known as the Eldoret Boma Airport, is a small airstrip located within Eldoret city on the Eldoret Iten road. It has an elevation of 7,050 ft above sea level and a single runway measuring 1,130 metres. The county government of Uasin Gishu took over operations of the Eldoret airstrip in July 2015 [1]

Roads[edit]

Vehicles leaving Eldoret, near Sosiani primary school.

The Trans-African highway passes through the city central business district.

Railway[edit]

The city is also served by the Kenya-Uganda railway.

Power[edit]

The French renewable energy firm Voltalia is building a 40-megawatt (MW) solar plant for compatriot Kenya-based French solar firm Alten Africa in Kesses, Eldoret. Once it goes into commercial operation, scheduled for March 2020, approximately 123.6GWh of clean electricity will be injected into the grid every year, enough to meet the annual energy consumption needs of over 824,000 Kenyans.[48]

Oil Pipelines[edit]

The Kenya Pipeline Company operates a pipeline that passes through the city. It is connected to the refinery at the coastal city of Mombasa and extends further from Eldoret to the lakeside city of Kisumu. one of 5 national oil depots is located in the city

Sister cities[edit]

Eldoret is a sister city of:

Country City County/District/Province/Region/State Date
 Germany Bad Vilbel Hessen 1982[49]
 USA Minneapolis Minnesota 2000[50]
 USA Indianapolis Indiana 2007[51]
 USA Ithaca New York 2007[52]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Kenya | U.S. Agency for International Development" (PDF). Kenya.usaid.gov. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 February 2013. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  2. ^ Archived copy.
  3. ^ Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (21 February 2020). 2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census Volume II: Distribution of Population by Administrative Units (Report). Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. p. 241. Retrieved 3 March 2020. Distribution of Population by Urbn Centers Nairobi City: 4,397,073; Mombasa: 1,208,333; Nakuru: 570,674; Ruiru; 490,120; Eldoret: 475,716; Kisumu: 397,957
  4. ^ "Population of Local Authorities" (with towns), Government of Kenya, 1999, GovtKenya-Population-PDF[permanent dead link].
  5. ^ "Interesting facts about the origin of Eldoret town". Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  6. ^ Spear, Thomas; Waller, Richard D. (1993). Being Maasai: Ethnicity & Identity in East Africa. ISBN 9780821410455.
  7. ^ Retief, Ronaldo (2014). Afrikaners trek to East Africa, Old Africa: Stories from East Africa's Past (Issue 55), p. 14-15
  8. ^ Red strangers: the white tribe of Kenya, ISBN 1-85725-206-3, by Christine Stephanie Nicholls
  9. ^ a b http://www.ipsos.co.ke/NEWBASE_EXPORTS/ICC/131030_Kass%20Magazine_15_60eef.pdf[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ http://moigirlseldoret.ac.ke
  11. ^ http://www.mccrow.org.uk/EastAfrica/Hill_School_now/Hill%20School%20Eldoret%20Kenya[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ "Remnants of Boer Colony Glad They Stayed in Kenya". 1 April 1987. Retrieved 16 September 2013.
  13. ^ 40 to 80 people
  14. ^ "Klimatafel von Eldoret / Kenia" (PDF). Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure. Retrieved 4 November 2016.
  15. ^ "STATIONSNUMMER 63686" (PDF). Ministry of Energy, Utilities and Climate. Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2016.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  16. ^ Eldoret population statistics
  17. ^ Electoral Commission of Kenya: Registration centres by electoral area and constituency Archived 28 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 April 2015. Retrieved 12 April 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  19. ^ http://www.kenknit.com/about-us.html
  20. ^ a b c d Olingo, A. The rise, fall and rise again of Rivatex, firm that now holds patent for Tami dye, March 10, 2016
  21. ^ a b Kibet, D., New dye made from weed revives Kenya’s textile industry and brings local fabric costs down Archived 24 October 2016 at the Wayback Machine, Moi University Research Uptake May 18, 2015
  22. ^ Rivatex roars back to life as production line is launched, Standard online
  23. ^ Toyota Tsusho online
  24. ^ Standard Media online
  25. ^ Eldoret rises from post-poll chaos to become regional hub, Daily Nation, 4th April 2019 online
  26. ^ Safaricom’s Sh900m hub signals hundreds of jobs, Business Daily, March 18, 2019, online
  27. ^ Kenya: Safaricom reveals new data centre for Eldoret, ITNewsAfrica online
  28. ^ http://www.sirikwahotel.com/
  29. ^ http://poaplace.co.ke/
  30. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 April 2018. Retrieved 10 December 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  31. ^ a b http://www.roughguides.com/destinations/africa/kenya/western-kenya/eldoret-around/
  32. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/02/sports/iten-a-kenyan-town-made-for-marathoners.html?_r=0
  33. ^ British athletes with altitude look to follow in Mo Farah’s footsteps, online
  34. ^ Two Paragliding out-and-return speed world records set in Kenya's Kerio Valley, online
  35. ^ Daily Nation, Monument unveiled in Eldoret to honour athletes online
  36. ^ MUPS online Archived 29 June 2018 at the Wayback Machine
  37. ^ Eldoret Leo online
  38. ^ Bii, Barnabas; Bii, Barnabas (26 August 2019). "Eldoret's Wagon Hotel: Where Boers thronged for recreation". Daily Nation. Nairobi. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  39. ^ Softkenya online
  40. ^ Nation News online
  41. ^ Daiy Nation, online
  42. ^ http://www.kbc.co.ke/story.asp?ID=45497[permanent dead link] Kenya Broadcasting Corporation – Government to upgrade Kipchoge Keino stadium
  43. ^ Eldoret City marathon winners to pocket Sh3.5m, Standard Media, March 12th 2019 online
  44. ^ Brief History of Eldoret City Marathon, Eldoret City Marathon online
  45. ^ Elevation of Eldoret Airport Runway
  46. ^ Length of Eldoret Airport Runway
  47. ^ "Eldoret International Airport > Kenya Airports Authority". Kenya Airports Authority. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  48. ^ French firm to build 40MW solar plant in Eldoret, Business Daily online
  49. ^ "Bad Vilbel – Stadt der Quellen". Bad-vilbel.de. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  50. ^ http://www.tcdailyplanet.net/news/2013/06/17/eldoret-city-benchmarks-minneapolis
  51. ^ "Minutes of the City-County Council and Special Service District Councils of Indianapolis, Marion County, Indiana" (PDF). Indy.gov. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  52. ^ "The Rift Makes Ithaca Shift". HepsTrack.com. HepsTrack, LLC. 31 March 2014. Retrieved 27 April 2014.

External links[edit]