|Elevation||446 ft (136 m)|
|Area||0.13 sq mi (0.3 km2)|
|- land||0.13 sq mi (0.3 km2)|
|- water||0.00 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Density||1,567.6 / sq mi (605 / km2)|
|- summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|Wikimedia Commons: Eldred, Illinois|
Eldred is located at (39.286663, -90.553458).
According to the 2010 census, the village has a total area of 0.13 square miles (0.34 km2), all land.
Founded originally because of its situation in the Illinois River bottoms as a town that combined the values of a River and a bluff side village, Eldred first appeared on river plat books as Farrow Town in the 1830, but was founded sometime before the admittance of Illinois as a state in 1818. Because of this, a few of the original founders, who were of Scotch-Irish ancestry from the Upper South, were able to maintain their possession of slaves under the constitution of Illinois until the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863.
Situated in the Lower Illinois River Valley, thirty miles north of the Illinois River's confluence with the Mississippi River at Grafton, Illinois, Eldred is nestled between the soaring limestone bluffs and the fertile bottom land that follow the Illinois in its southern extreme. The bottoms were systematically drained during the 1920s, which caused much contention among the villagers as to the merits of drainage. Nevertheless, the drainage occurred and created a great expanse of farm land for the counties along the river.
As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 211 people, 97 households, and 54 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,567.6 people per square mile (626.7/km²). There were 103 housing units at an average density of 765.2 per square mile (305.9/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 97.63% White, 0.95% Asian, and 1.42% from two or more races.
There were 97 households out of which 23.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.2% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.3% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.69.
In the village the population was spread out with 20.9% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 21.8% from 25 to 44, 29.9% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.6 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $26,250, and the median income for a family was $23,438. Males had a median income of $22,917 versus $17,115 for females. The per capita income for the village was $13,772. About 29.1% of families and 37.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 74.5% of those under the age of eighteen and 25.8% of those sixty five or over.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Places: Illinois". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.